NASM Practice Exam C
Terms in this set (100)
Dysfunctional breathing results in an increase in the activity level of which of the following secondary respiratory muscles?
Which of the following is an example of a force-couple relationship?
The effect of muscle groups moving together to produce movement around a joint
Which of the following characteristics distinguishes type II muscle fibers from type I muscle fibers?
As the velocity of a concentric muscle action increases, its ability to produce force decreases. This is an example of which of the following
A client is performing side lateral raises with dumbbells while bending his elbows 45°. The client can increase the amount of torque placed on the deltoids by doing which of the following?
Keep the arms straight.
Which of the following terms describes the connective tissue that wraps each fascicle?
Which of the following energy systems is used most when running a 10-second sprint?
Which of the following is an end product of anaerobic glycolysis?
A personal trainer is working with a client who relies entirely on feedback from the fitness professional for corrections to his exercise technique. Which of the following responses is this client limiting?
Which of the following terms describes the process by which the central nervous system integrates sensory information with previous experiences to produce a motor response?
Which of the following concepts is demonstrated when a tight psoas decreases the neural drive of the gluteus maximus?
Altered reciprocal inhibition
In which of the following structures is oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and waste exchanged between tissues?
Which of the following divisions of the nervous system is comprised of the nerves that serve the outer areas of the body and skeletal muscle and is largely responsible for the voluntary control of movement?
Which of the following terms defines the concept used when the hamstrings, quadriceps, and gluteus maximus are recruited as a functional unit to perform a squat?
Which of the following muscles is part of the movement system of the core?
While observing a new client perform the pushing assessment, the personal trainer notices that his head protrudes forward. Which of the following groups of muscles are probably overactive?
A new client performs the Rockport walk test. The personal trainer determines that the client is in the "good" category of cardiovascular fitness. It is recommended that this client train up to which of the following percentages of maximal heart rate?
Which of the following assessments will best allow the personal trainer to view potential postural imbalances surrounding the feet, ankles, knees, lumbo-pelvic-hip complex (LPHC), shoulder, and cervical complex?
Overhead squat assessment
Which of the following is true for the upper extremity strength assessment?
Client should warm-up with up to eight to 10 repetitions using light resistance.
A personal trainer is working with a 40-year-old client who is beginning a new exercise program. Using the straight percentage method, what is the client's estimated maximal heart rate?
During a pushing and pulling assessment, the personal trainer notices that a client demonstrates shoulder elevation. Which of the following muscles are most likely overactive?
A personal trainer observes a client's knees moving inward while performing the overhead squat assessment. Which of the following muscles are probably underactive?
Gluteus medius and gluteus maximus
Which of the following medications is generally prescribed for clients who have pulmonary diseases?
A client went to his doctor for a check-up. His blood pressure was 145/90 mmHg, and the physician also discovered an irregular heart rate. A personal trainer should expect the client to be taking which of the following medications?
During the medical history portion of a PAR-Q, a client tells the personal trainer that she has undergone a recent Cesarean section. Which of the following exercises should initially be avoided?
During a client's postural assessment, he exhibits pronation distortion syndrome. Which of the following static stretching techniques is most appropriate to lengthen his short muscles?
Measuring a client's resting heart rate by lightly placing two fingers along the right side of the arm in line and just above the thumb is the example of recording a client's
When assessing a client's overhead squat, which of the following is an indication of overactivity in the lateral gastrocnemius?
External rotation of the feet
An excessive forward lean during the overhead squat assessment is most likely caused by
an overactive abdominal complex and soleus
The lowest risk for disease lies within a BMI range of
22 to 24.9.
If a diabetic client has peripheral neuropathy, which of the following exercises should be avoided?
Foam roll calves
During a workout, a personal trainer wants to increase the proprioceptive demand of a standard push-up exercise for his client. Which of the following would be a proper progression?
Hands on the floor, feet on a stability ball
A client who has been training at high intensities in preparation for a triathlon reports joint pain, excess fatigue, and the inability to sustain normal workouts. In which stage of the general adaptation syndrome is this client?
A personal trainer is working with a client in Phase 5 of the OPT model. Which of the following exercises is appropriate?
In order to most effectively target the tensor fascia latae during the static standing TFL stretch, a client's back leg should be in which of the following positions?
Which of the following cues is appropriate to give a client who will be performing a floor bridge exercise?
"Activate abdominals and squeeze your glutes."
A personal trainer is working with a client who is having trouble performing a single-leg balance on a foam pad. Which of the following balance training modalities is appropriate for this client?
A half foam roll
Which dynamic stretch is appropriate for activating the gluteus medius?
Tube walking, side to side
A client exhibits increased lumbar extension while performing a standing overhead press. Which of the following statements is true?
The client should include the latissimus dorsi in the flexibility portion of the workout.
Which of the following is an appropriate exercise progression for a balance training program?
Balance beam, half foam roll, foam pad
Which of the following exercises is the most effective at improving activation of the local stabilization system?
Which of the following energy systems will be stressed the most when a client is jogging for 20 minutes at 65% of maximal heart rate?
Which of the following is designed to improve the extensibility of soft tissue and increase neuromuscular efficiency by using reciprocal inhibition?
A client is performing a standing cable row with her shoulders elevated. The trainer should encourage the client to
depress her shoulder blades to activate the scapular retractors.
Which of the following is the most appropriate spotting technique for a dumbbell chest press?
Place the hands close to the client's wrists.
Internally rotating the back hip during the active kneeling hip flexor stretch places a greater stretch on which of the following muscles?
During the butt kick exercise, a personal trainer notices her client arching his low back at the height of the jump. Which of the following muscle groups are most likely tight?
Which of the following is the correct body position when performing the active standing tensor fascia latae stretch?
Externally rotated back leg
In order to properly stretch the hamstring during the active supine biceps femoris stretch, a client will need to contract which of the following during knee extension?
Which of the following is the correct position of the wrists during the end phase of a barbell clean?
When in Phase 1 Stabilization Endurance training of the OPT model, which of the following tempos should be used when performing resistance training exercises?
A new client with limited exercise experience has recently begun a Phase 1 Stabilization Endurance training program. The most appropriate way for this client to increase muscular endurance is
During an overhead squat assessment, a client's knees move inward. Which of the following exercises would be recommended to strengthen and activate the client's underactive musculature?
side to side
A client performs two repetitions of a bench press exercise with 130 lb and gradually decreases the resistance with each set until he performs 10 repetitions with 100 lb on the last set. Which of the following resistance training systems is the client using?
Triple extension of the back leg while sprinting includes
A client finishes four weeks of a Phase 4 OPT program. Which of the following adaptations is most likely to occur?
Which of the following phases of the OPT model includes moving both light and heavy loads as fast as possible?
In which of the following phases of the OPT model is it appropriate to superset a leg press with a single-leg squat?
A personal trainer is working with a client who has weight-loss goals. Which of the following training strategies should the client follow to maximize caloric expenditure?
Standing compound muscle exercises performed with short rest periods
What is the suggested size for a stability ball for a client who is between 5-foot 1-inch tall and 5-foot 7-inches tall?
Which of the following supersets is most appropriate for a client training in Phase 2 of the OPT model?
Bench press superset with stability ball push-up
Which of the following supersets is most appropriate for a client training in Phase 5 of the OPT model?
Barbell squat superset with tuck jump
A new client's goal is to increase lean body mass. Which of the following training phases can be omitted from his annual periodization plan?
Which of the following exercises is most appropriate when working with a new client who is also obese?
Incline prone iso-ab
Which of the following physiologic responses typically occur during the alarm reaction stage of the general adaptation syndrome?
Delayed-onset muscle soreness
An advanced client who is interested in gaining high levels of muscle mass would benefit most from which of the following resistance-training systems?
For a pregnant client in her third trimester, which of the following exercises is appropriate?
Which of the following is a correct training strategy for a client who has osteoarthritis?
Limit the client to 10 to 12 repetitions per set for Phase 1 of the OPT model.
Which of the following statements is true regarding undulating periodization when training for sport performance?
Phases 1, 2, and 5 can be trained within the same week once a certain level of general fitness is attained.
According to the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines, what is the minimum amount of time per week an individual should engage in physical activity if performed at a moderate-intensity level?
Which of the following is true regarding very low-calorie diets (VLCD)?
The most common serious side effect of VLCD is gallstone formation.
Which of the following is an effect of dehydration?
Increased sodium retention
Which of the following is the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for daily protein intake?
Thermic effect of food (TEF) accounts for what percentage of total energy expenditure?
6% to 10%
A high-protein diet is generally associated with
a higher intake of saturated fat.
A side effect of caffeine use is
an increase in urine production.
To maximize glycogen replenishment after exercise, a client should consume 1.5 g/kg of carbohydrates within which of the following time frames?
A client tells the personal trainer that she wants to increase lean body mass. Which of the following strategies should the trainer recommend?
pread protein intake throughout the day.
For a client whose goal is to alter his body composition, specifically for lean body mass gain, which of the following nutritional guidelines is particularly helpful?
The client should consume protein and carbohydrates within 90 min of a workout.
Resting metabolic rate accounts for which of the following percentages of total energy expenditure?
Which of the following amino acids is nonessential?
Which of the following best describes a function of lipids in the body?
A precursor to hormone production
A client exercises occasionally and plans to regularly participate in a structured exercise program next month. In which of the following sections of the Stages of Change model is this client?
A client who suffers from a chronic disease decides he no longer wants to participate in personal training sessions, based on the advice of his spouse. This is an example of which of the following?
A personal trainer asks a client to write down the names of the exercises she performs, how much food she is eating, and how much sleep she is getting. Which of the following strategies is the client following?
Which of the following class compositions will work the best in a group exercise setting?
A class with individuals of similar body types
An individual is training at the gym on his own. He asks a fellow gym member to spot him during the bench press exercise. This is an example of which of the following types of support?
Which of the following is a SMART goal?
"I will lose 10 pounds in eight weeks by exercising 50 minutes a day, three days per week."
A personal trainer is working with a client who reports not having enough time to exercise. Which of the following is the most effective technique to help the client prioritize his time, improving exercise adherence?
Have the client keep a journal that keeps track of daily activities for three days.
Generating a list of motivating key words such as "fast," "energetic," "go," and "focus" as an awareness tool to replace negative thoughts is an example of which of the following?
A client has worked out a few times during the past few months with a personal trainer. She wants to become regularly active but isn't sure how this is accomplished. In which of the following sections of the Stages of Change model is the client?
An overweight adolescent would like to begin exercising with a personal trainer. His father decides that there is too much risk for injury and declines personal training for his child. This is an example of which of the following?
Following the NASM Code of Professional Conduct, a fitness professional should
assess the client's cardiorespiratory fitness after reviewing a current health-history questionnaire.
The main purpose of creating and running a successful personal training business is to
create and keep a loyal customer base.
A fitness professional is working with a client who seeks to lose 25 lb in the next three months before her family reunion. This client is most likely paying the personal trainer
to help her lose weight.
An individual is considering hiring a personal trainer to help her lose weight. She has many personal trainers at the gym to choose from. Which of the following will have the greatest influence on her decision?
Perceived value of services
As the owner of a fitness facility, a personal trainer can prevent hazards at the workplace by performing which of the following?
Maintain fitness equipment on a regular basis.
In which of the following examples is the trainer adhering to ethical business practices?
Meeting a client 5 min before a training session to complete any necessary paperwork
Which of the following is an acceptable form of continuing education?
Speak at a conference on a topic related to health and fitness
How can an NASM personal trainer maintain his competencies via continuing education?
Complete 20 contact hours of continuing education