strunk and white
Terms in this set (22)
Form the possessive singular of nouns by adding 's.
In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last.
Enclose parenthetic expressions between commas.
Place a comma before a conjunction introducing an independent clause
Do not join independent clauses with a comma
Do not break sentences in two.
Use a colon after an independent clause to introduce a list of particulars, an
appositive, an amplification, or an illustrative quotation
Use a dash to set off an abrupt break or interruption and to announce a long
appositive or summary.
The number of the subject determines the number of the verb.
Use the proper case of pronoun.
A participial phrase at the beginning of a sentence must refer to the
Choose a suitable design and hold to it
ex. sonnet is 14 lines
Make the paragraph the unit of composition.
-divide into topics
Use the active voice.
-active: subject is doing action
-passive: action is being done to subject
Put statements in positive form
ex: xxxxHe was not very often on time. xxxx
-instead: He usually came late.
Use definite, specific, concrete language.
xxxx A period of unfavorable weather set in.xxxx
-instead: It rained every day for a week.
Omit needless words.
-xxxx the reason why is that xxxx
Avoid a succession of loose sentences.
Express coordinate ideas in similar form
-xxx the French, the Italians, Spanish, and
- instead: the French, the Italians, the Spanish, and the Portuguese
Keep related words together
- xxx He noticed a large stain in the rug that was
right in the center.xx
-instead : He noticed a large stain right in the center of the rug
In summaries, keep to one tense.
ex. present, past, future
Place the emphatic words of a sentence at the end.
-emphatic: word that author wants to be most prominent
-xxx This steel is principally used for making
razors, because of its hardness.xxx
-instead: Because of its hardness, this steel is used
principally for making razors.