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27 terms

Basic Bone Anatomy

Basic Bone Anatomy..EASY
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Scapula
either of two flat triangular bones one on each side of the shoulder in human beings
Spine
the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord
Vertebra
one of the bony segments of the spinal column
Disk
a flat circular plate
Sacrum
wedge-shaped bone consisting of five fused vertebrae forming the posterior part of the pelvis
fibula
the outer and thinner of the two bones of the human leg between the knee and ankle
sternum
the flat bone that articulates with the clavicles and the first seven pairs of ribs
calcaneus
the largest of the tarsal bones (heel bone)
Tarsal Bones
the cluster of bones in the foot between the tibia and fibula and the metatarsus
Carpal Bones
bones of the wrist
Humerus
bone extending from the shoulder to the elbow
Clavicle
the collarbone
The Coccyx
4 to 5 rudimentary (undeveloped) vertebrae; attached to sacrum by ligaments
Ligaments
tissue that connects bone to bone
The Ribs
Bones supporting and protecting the chest cavity. They move to a limited degree, helping the lungs to expand and contract., Bones supporting and protecting the chest cavity. They move to a limited degree, helping the lungs to expand and contract.
Phalanges
Fingers and Toes
Femur
the longest and thickest bone of the human skeleton
Fibula
the outer and thinner of the two bones of the human leg between the knee and ankle
greater trochanter
Large knob on the proximal end of the femur for muscle attachments
Carpal Bones
bones of the wrist
Pelvis
hip bone
Ischium
lower, rear portion of the pelvis on which one sits
Sternum
breast bone
Patella
kneecap(one)
Radius
the outer and slightly shorter of the two bones of the human forearm
Skull
the bony skeleton of the head of vertebrates
Tibia
the inner and thicker of the two bones of the human leg between the knee and ankle