Terms in this set (26)
How is Frankenstein affected by the knowledge that the creature may be responsible for the death of William? In Chapter 7, what statement suggests that he views the creature as part of himself? Does Frankenstein bear some responsibility for the death? Why? Explain.
- Devastated by the news because he also feels responsible
- Stated he considered the being he created was his own spirit let loose from the grave
- Considers that he bears some responsibility because he created the creature with his own hands
- Knew Justine was innocent, but was afraid of others' reactions
How does the creature get to know the family who lives in the cottage? Why is he drawn to the family? How does the family's reaction to the creature affect his view of himself and the human race? Explain.
- Gets to know the De Lacey's by observing them through a hole in a shed for a few months
- Drawn because they are able to communicate their feelings and care for each other even though they are poor
- Family reacted by fleeing, fainting, and hitting him with a stick
- Because of reaction, he sees himself as a monster
- Humans hate him because of his appearance which leads to his hatred toward mankind
How does the creature explain his evil behavior? After reading Paradise Lost, the creature compares himself to the biblical character Adam. Is this comparison accurate? Explain.
- Creature was benevolent and good, others' treatment made him evil and fiend
- He can change if Victor could make him happy
- Comparison is accurate because he was Victor's first creation brought to life
How does the creature cause the deaths of William and Justine? What does the murder of William tell the creature about himself? According to the creature, what can save him from doing evil? Explain.
- Strangled William after finding out he is related to Victor and indirectly kills Justine by framing her which led to her execution
- Tells himself he has the power to easily kill and destroy
- Shows that he is vengeful because his acts are done to hurt Victor
- Acceptance and love can save him from evil, which is all he wanted
- Explains why he asked Frankenstein to create a female companion for him
- Wanted someone who could understand and relate to his experiences of being judged by others
What arguments does the creature use to persuade Frankenstein to make the female creature? What keeps Frankenstein from completing the creature? Why does the creature direct his revenge to Frankenstein's wedding? Explain.
- Creature describes hardships he faced alone and suffered without a mate
- Needs another creature to feel accepted and no longer feel lonely
- If Frankenstein made a creature, he would stop being evil
- Frankenstein thought problem would grow instead of disappear
- Creature could reproduce
- Creature directs revenge because Frankenstein destroyed the female creature which led the creature desire to make Victor suffer on his wedding night, which was one of the only things that could make Victor happy
- Frankenstein destroyed female companion so creature did the same
What happens to Elizabeth? What is ironic, or unexpected, about the creature's revenge on Frankenstein? What does Frankenstein resolve to do? Explain.
- Creature kills Elizabeth
- Frankenstein didn't create a partner for the creature so the creature didn't let him have a wife
- Ironic because Frankenstein spend so much time watching out for himself in fear that the creature would come after him that he left his wife alone, the one the creature was after
-To avenge her death, Victor devotes himself to hunt down the creature
How does Frankenstein become lost at sea? What happens when he lands in Ireland? Why does he call himself Henry Clerval's murderer? Explain.
- Frankenstein rests after disposing of the female creature's remains, which leads him to get lost
- When he reaches Ireland, the Irish treat him with hostility because they believe he is Henry's murderer
- He arrives after Henry's death which looks suspicious
- He feels guilty because his creation was the reason for his friend's death
- Henry's death was the result of Frankenstein's refusal to create a second creature
How does Mary Shelley show that Frankenstein and the creature are both obsessed with revenge? Do either of them win? Explain.
- Mary Shelley shows both of them engaged in a long, drawn-out chase across the treacherous environments
- Creature dedicates his life to make Victor suffer by killing everyone he loves
- When Victor is all alone, he dedicates his life to avenge the deaths of his loved ones
- In the end, no one wins because Frankenstein dies and the creature says he is going to commit suicide
In Edwidge Danticat's "Book of the Dead," Ka has a somewhat different relationship with her mother than she does with her father. How would you characterize each of these relationships? Do you think it would have mattered to Ka if her mother rather than her father had revealed to her his past as "hunter" rather than "prey?" Explain your answer.
- Ka is very close to both of her parents
- Closer to her mom because of how well she seems to know her mother, in the sense that she can predict how her mother will react towards her father's disappearance
- Although she looks up to her father and is inspired by him, there are many holes in their relationship
- It would have mattered to Ka if it was her mother because she would not have been as accepting
- She would wonder why her father could not admit his own past
- It is important that her father confessed because it allowed him to explain and see his side of the story
In Albert Wendt's "I Will Be Our Saviour From The Bad Smell," what aspects of the story correspond to the themes of conformity and rebellion? Identify and describe in detail one for each theme and why you believe that those aspects relate to them.
- Narrator is tasked to form groups to find the source of the bad smell and how to get rid of it
- Unable to complete his task
- Eventually, the citizens of Saula accept the horrid smell
- While the people are conforming to the new norm, the narrator refuses to give up
- He rebels against the new norm and is determined to figure out where the bad smell is coming from and destroy it
In Percy Bysshe Shelley's "Song: To the Men of England," who are the "Men of England" the speaker is speaking to? What is his purpose in addressing them and how are they characterized? Explain in detail.
- Men of England represent the lower class and workers
- Speaker addresses the issue that they need to rise up against their oppressors, the rich people
- Explains that rich people only procreate and don't work, which means the rich ones are the only ones who benefit despite theirlack of hard work
- Similar to the worker bees and how they work for the drones
In Nazim Hikmet's "On Living," what is accomplished through the poem's many repetitions ("Living is no laughing matter," "I mean," "you must," "let's say")? Consider the poet's possible intentions in writing the poem, and the sound of the poem when read aloud.
- Use of repetition shows that the speaker is struggling to express the importance and seriousness of life
- Almost as if the speaker is having a conversation and is having a hard time trying to explain his thoughts to another person
- Repetition is a way of emphasizing how important life is and it should be taken seriously, even if the speaker cannot explicate the topic clearly
In Dylan Thomas' "Do not go gentle into that good night," stanzas 2 through 5 are about "wise men," "good men," "wild men," and "grave men." What are their regrets and how do they differ from one another in their response to death?
- Even though the speaker is calling all these men to not accept death quietly, to rage against death, they each have their own regrets
- Wise men regret that they did not succeed and did not make an impact in the world
- Good men worry that their deeds weren't good enough
- Wild men regret not taking the time to remember the little things in life that matter
- Grave men regret not thinking happily about life
In Lucille Clifton's "homage to my hips," how would you characterize the speaker of the poem? How does she wish to be viewed? Who is her intended audience?
- Speaker can be characterized as a confident, assertive woman
- Wishes to be viewed as independent, as she characterizes herself and her hips as free, not held back, and mighty
- Intended audience would most likely be women, because of the overall message about women empowerment
The name "Winston" means "from a friendly country." "Smith" is a common last name. From these names, can you suggest a possible irony? What else do we know about Winston concerning his age, abilities, and occupation? Explain in detail.
- Possible irony is that "Winston" means "from a friendly country" when he is actually from an unfriendly country with a dystopian nature
- "Smith" is a common last name but Winston is far from common as he rebels against his oppressive society that promotes thenorm
- Winston is a 39 year old frail man who works in the Ministry of Truth
What is Newspeak? What is its purpose? Why is it essential for the Party to rid the language of synonyms and antonyms? What is facecrime? Why is it so easy to commit? Explain in detail.
- Newspeak is a form of language used in Oceania
- Its purpose is to limit the minds of the people under the control of the Party to lessen the chance of rebellion
- Essential to simplify everything and make it easier to regulate
- Facecrime is any abnormal body language or facial expression that could give off the impression you are guilty of hiding something
- Easy to commit because we often are unable to control our expressions and reactions and anyone can misinterpret them
Who is Big Brother and what is the significance of his name? How does the Party control history? Why? Explain in detail.
- Big Brother is a symbol for the Party, which is their government
- Name coincides with what a "big brother" does, which is watch over their siblings
- Party does the same by watching every move the citizens make
- Party controls history through the Ministry of Truth
- They constantly change and rewrite the past to glorify Big Brother and make them appear as good guys
- Spread propaganda to control the people and restrict free thought
- Burned old books, records, and documents to give everyone the false impression that they live in a utopia when the reality of the situation is that they live in a dystopia
Who is Emmanuel Goldstein and how is he presented to the people of Oceania? What is the probable significance of using the obviously Jewish name? Explain in detail.
- Emmanuel Goldstein is the leader of the Brotherhood, their opponent
- Presented to the people through the media as the "enemy" which is why he is put on the telescreen during hate week
- Significance of his Jewish name could be the history between the Nazis and the Jews
- Emmanuel as the Jew who is hated, and the people of Oceania who hate him as the Nazis who are under totalitarianism
In what ways are Julia and Winston alike? In what ways are they different? Why does the party permit couples to marry but discourage love? Explain in detail.
- Julia and Winston are alike in the way that they both rebel against the Party, both work in the Ministry of Truth, and are reckless and careless with their actions
- Winston rebels against the Party and its ideal, while Julia rebels only for her sexuality; Winston is kind 39 year old, while Julia is younger, stronger, and independent
- Party permits marriage but discourages love because the purpose of marriage is to procreate
- Discourages love because a person in love would not prioritize their country, which would distract them from getting work done for the ministry
- All love should be reserved for Big Brother
O'Brien asks Winston and Julia what they are willing to do for the Brotherhood. What are they willing to do? What is the one thing they're unwilling to do? What types of things does O'Brien tell them they might have to face as members of the Brotherhood? Explain in detail.
- Willing to do anything they are capable of, to become criminals for the sake of the Brotherhood
- Unwilling to separate and never see each other again
- Some examples they might face would be giving up their lives, sabotage, betraying their country
At the beginning of the book, who are the three superpowers and who are they at war with? Why are the three superpowers always in conflict according to the Brotherhood's handbook? Explain in detail.
- Three superpowers: Oceania, Eurasia, and Eastasia
- Oceania is always allied with one of the two other superpowers
- In the beginning of the book, Oceania is said to be at war with Eurasia
- Later on, according to Big Brother and "history," Oceania has always been at war with Eastasia
- Conflict is rigged by these superpowers
- The Party feeds hate and fear into their citizens using the wars
- Cost of war prevents the standard of living from rising, which prevents their hierarchies from tumbling down
- Government uses so much propaganda to make their citizens believe they are the good guys that if citizens from other countries were to discuss their current situations in the war, there would be an overload of contradicting information
How are Winston and Julia betrayed? What is the significance of this betrayal to the rest of the novel? Explain in detail.
- Betrayed by the store owner, Charrington, who is a member of the Thought Police
- Were caught after they heard a noise behind a picture on the wall
- When they unveiled what was behind it, they found a telescreen that was being controlled by Charrington
- Betrayal is significant because although they may have felt safe and comfortable, their freedom was false and the Party is overpowering and controlling
- Their society is unable to hide from the government and is held back from having carte blanche
How does Parsons feel about being imprisoned as a result of his own daughter reporting him for thoughtcrime and why does he feel that way? Explain in detail.
- Parson's daughter reported him for committing thoughtcrime when she overheard him talking in his sleep and saying, "Down with Big Brother"
- He feels a "doleful pride" for his daughter because she acted like a proper citizen and did the right thing
- Shows how brainwashed he is and how he strongly conformed to the Party's beliefs
- Feels that he must have committed a crime, even though he doesn't remember doing so
- Also, people were not allowed to express emotions which made the children devote themselves to the Party and spy in the Party's favor
What is in Room 101? How is Winston able to identify its possible contents when he is interrogated? Explain in detail.
- Room 101 is a room in the Ministry of Love that is used as a disciplinary room, it is a torture chamber
- The contents of the room are the victim's worst nightmare, fear, and phobias
- Winston was able to identify its contents by listening to O'Brien when he said that the thing in Room 101 is the worst thing in the world, which is what triggered his fear of rats
When and in what way does Winston betray Julia? Why does O'Brien say prisoners are brought to the Ministry of Love? Explain in detail.
- When Winston was being tortured, he was given an ultimatum by O'Brien, whether or not he should go through with the suffering
- When Winston saw what he was going to be tortured with, starving rats, he refused to continue with the consequences and blurted out to be replaced by Julia
- O'Brien says that the prisoners are brought to MiniLuv to be "cured" instead of tortured and to learn how to obey and love BigBrother
- In the end though, O'Brien reveals that if the prisoners failed to conform, it did not matter if they tried to "cure" them, for in the end, they all get shot
What happens to Julia? How does Winston ultimately feel about Big Brother and why is this ironic? Explain in detail.
- Julia becomes imprisoned due to Winston's betrayal
- At the end of the book, she and Winston accidentally meet at a park, where they both admitted to betraying one another
- Julia indicates, though not explicitly, that she was treated similarly to Winston at the Ministry of Love
- They both lost interest in each other
- Winston ultimately gains a newfound love for Big Brother and accepts the rules of the Party
- Ironic because throughout the book, he despised Big Brother and made it his mission to rebel and overthrow the government