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Ch. 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Terms in this set (14)
"An organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen"
"One of several compounds with the amse molecular formula but different structrues and therefore different properties. The three types of ... are structural ..., geometric ..., and enantiomers"
"One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms"
"One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula and covalent arrangements but differ in the spatial arrangements of their atoms owing to the inflexibility of double bonds"
"One of two compounds that are mirror images of each other"
"A specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the carbon skeletons of organic molecules and usually involved in chemical reactions"
"A chemical group consisting of an oxygen atom joined to a hydrogen atom. Molecules possessing this group are soluble in water and are called alcohols"
"A chemical goup present in aldehydes and ketones and consisting of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom"
"A chemical group present in organic acids and consisting of a single carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom and also bonded to a hydroxyl group"
"A chemical group consisting of a nitrogen atom bonded to two hydrogen atoms; can act as a base in solution, accepting a hydrogen ion and acquiring a charge of 1+"
"A chemical group consisting of a sulfur atom bonded to a hydrogen atom"
"A chemical group consisting of a phosphorus atom bonded to four oxygen atoms; important in energy transfer"
"A chemical group consisting of a carbon bonded to three hydrogen atoms. The... may be attached to a carbon or to a different atom"
"an organic molecule called adenosine attached to a string of three phosphate groups"; used to make energy
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