IB History German Expansion
Terms in this set (42)
September 3 1939
The date Britain and France declare war on Germany (WWII)
12 March 1938
Date Anschluss of Austria, a "bloodless coup"
4 Year Plan
Initiated by Hitler and run by Goring; the purpose of it was to provide for the rearmament of Germany, and to prepare the country for self-sufficiency in four years.
In 1935, Italy invaded Abyssinia. This pushed Italy away from Britain and France, and cemented the Rome-Berlin axis.
An English Historian who specialized in 19th and 20th century European diplomacy. Importantly, he put forth the controversial idea that Hitler did not intend WWII, but at most, expected a quick short war with Poland.
Anglo-German Naval Agreement
Agreement of 18 June 1935 was a naval agreement between the United Kingdom and Germany regulating the size of the Kriegsmarine in relation to the Royal Navy. The Anglo-German Naval Agreement fixed a ratio whereby the total tonnage of the Kriegsmarine was to be 35% of the total tonnage of the Royal Navy on a permanent basis. It was registered in League of Nations Treaty Series on 12 July 1935. The agreement was renounced by Adolf Hitler on 28 April 1939.
The combining of Austria and Germany.
Agreement concluded first between Germany and Japan (Nov. 25, 1936) and then between Italy, Germany, and Japan (Nov. 6, 1937), ostensibly directed against the Communist International (Comintern) but, by implication, specifically against the Soviet Union.
The pre-WWII policy of the British, and later the French, of avoiding war with aggressive powers such as Japan, Italy, and Germany by giving way to their demands, as long as they were not too unreasonable.
Austrian Call for Plebiscite
A referendum on the Anschluss with Germany was held in German-occupied Austria on 10 April 1938, alongside one in Germany. German troops had already occupied Austria one month earlier, on 12 March 1938. The official result was reported as 99.73% in favor, with a 99.71% turnout.
He was British Prime Minister and main appeaser of Hitler who
attended the Munich Conference; thought that he achieved "peace of our time" and thought that he had "saved Czechoslovakia from destruction and Europe from Armageddon."
A political system used in Russia, created by Karl Marx, government control of all enterprises, and the replacement of free markets by central planning.
Consolidation of Hitler's Power
Hitler consolidated his power in many ways. He used the Reichstag fire to blame communists, that way Hindenburg gave Hitler emergency powers which allowed to ban the communists from the Reichstag.
A country Hitler wanted to take over. The Munich Conference was held there to address the threat of Germany to Czechoslovakia.
1939 Hitler occupies Czechoslovakia and violates Munich Agreement.
French Prime minister, present in Munich conference.
As a 1933 Wiemar Constitution amendment that gave the German Cabinet - in effect, Chancellor Adolf Hitler - the power to enact laws without the involvement of the Reichstag.
was a German politician, military leader, and leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP). A veteran World War I fighter pilot ace, he was a recipient of the coveted Pour le Mérite, also known as the "Blue Max".
the deepest and longest-lasting economic downturn in the history of the Western industrialized world. (1929-1939)
The president of the Wiemar Republic who was elected in 1925 and appointed Adolf Hitler as Chancellor in 1933
Austrian German politician, head of Nazi Party.
A summary of the meeting between Hitler and Nazi Leaders where future plans were outlined. Early sign of Hitler's radicalist nature. It was written by Colonel Hossbach.
Intentionalists argue that Hitler had a master plan to launch the holocaust. (Opposite to Functionalist) (Historiographical Debate)
Was a Nazi foreign policy which basically stated that Germany needed more agricultural land to provide for a higher quality of life for the German people. "It means living space". Advocated Germany's territorial expansion into Europe by saying they needed more space.
Brief episode of international tension due to reports of German troops against Czechoslovakia. Looks like war. The high anxiety subsided when no army or military was found.
Hitler's Autobiography, where he wrote about his plans and ideology.
A settlement permitting Nazi Germany from taking parts of Czechoslovakia (Sudetenland). Often regarded as a failed act of appeasement. (September 1938)
Pact between Hitler of Germany and Stalin of Russia in 1939 in spite of Western capitalist countries' failure to stop Hitler. The parties agreed to to take no military action against each other for next 10 years.
Pre-WWII German plan for an aggressive war against Czechoslovakia. The attack was scheduled for September 28, 1938. It was abandoned after the Munich Conference.
German plan to attack Poland on September 1st 1939
Pact of Steel
A pact between Hitler and Mussolini on 22 May in 1939 to settle alliance between Germany and Italy.
Votes given to former German colonies to choose their destination after 15-year watch under the League.
September 1st, 1939: Germany invaded Poland. In the following weeks, 16.336 civilians are murdered by the Nazis in 714 localities. At least 5,000 victims were Jews.
Act of rebuilding the national arsenal. After Vienna Convention, Germany started to rearm despite the Peace Terms that prohibits it from doing so.
Foreign Policy Minister of Nazi Germany (1938-1945)
The informal agreement made between Germany and Italy to be allies and act together as major powers in Europe.
The name for the region around the Saar valley/Saar river which is rich in minerals. A plebiscite held in 1935 resulted in its reunification with Germany.
Chancellor of Austria in the time leading up to the 1938 Anschluss with Nazi Germany.
Spanish Civil War
A 3-year civil war from 1936 to 1939 between the fascist Franco and the democratic, communist-leaning Republicans. Germany and Italy supported the fascist faction and Germany used it as an opportunity to test out their military.
Dictator of the USSR from 1922-1952.
Was an agreement between Britain and Italy to enforce the Treaty of Versailles and support Austrian independence.
A term for a historical point of view that believes that WW2 was caused because of the overarching reasons that allowed leaders like Hitler to come into power.
The German-speaking northwest part of Czechoslovakia that Hitler demanded control of in September 1938, and did receive after Chamberlain met with Hitler.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
IB History German Expansion Key Terms
IB History HL Paper 1 German and Italian Expansion
IB History HL Paper 1 German and Italian Expansion
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Great Depression IB HL Review
Mesopotamia Vocabulary Grade 6
6th Grade Introduction to Geography
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
IB History, Japanese Expansion
IB History. The Move to Global War: Italian Expansion
The Second World War (IB History)
IB HistoryWorld War 1, World War 1 (A)