Government chapter 11
Terms in this set (49)
A group of people who seek to control government through winning elections and holding public office
The strong support of the party and its policy stands
supported by two parties
A genegeral agreement among various groups
A temperary alliance of several groups who come together to form a working majority to control a government
Based on particular set of beliefs: a comprehensive view of social, economic, and political matters
Parties that focus on a single public question
Parties that have split away from one of the major parties
Which type of party system is most common in Europe?
How do ideological parties differ from single-issue parties?
Ideological parties are based on a particular set of beliefs; single-issue parties focus on one single public question
Explain how two major parties are decentralized
Neither party has a chain of command running from the national to the local level, state party orginizations are loosely tied to the party's national structure
What is the MOST important function of the national convention?
Pick the presidential and vice-presidential candidates
Describe the purpose of a ward
A unit that divides cities for the election of city council members
The process of candidate selection in an electoral system
An election held within a party to pick that party's candidates for the general election
A party nominating election in which only declared party members can vote
A party nominating election in which any qualified voter can take part
Voting process in which voter receive a long ballot containing the names of all contenders, regardless of party, and can vote however they choose
A primary in which the top two vote getters in the first direct primary face one another
Elections in which candidates are not identified by party labels
Why would self-announced candidates need to use their own money to finance their campaign?
Because normally in nomination there are only two parties, relublican and democratic
Which type of primary allows the least flexibility for voting across parties in primary races?
Describe what type of primaries vary among states
States and political parties make their choice based on their own state laws, party rules, regulations, and by-laws
How could a primary fight cost a party an election?
It could divide the party and it could not recover in time to present a United front for the general election
Why would more signatures be needed on a petition for filling a higher public office?
Because an elected official in a higher office represents a larger group of people
An election in which the party's voters 1) choose state party orginization's delegates to their party's national convention and/or 2) express a preference for their party's nomination
An almost obsolete system whereby a presidential aspirant who won the preference vote in a primary automatically won all the delegates chosen in the primary
Rule applied in democratic primaries whereby any candidate who wins at least 50% of the votes gets the numb of state democratic convention delegates based on his/her share pf primary vote
Group of like-minded people who meet to select the candidates they will support in an upcoming election
A political party's formal statement of basic principles, stands on major issues, and objectives
Speech given at a party convention to set the tone for the convention and the campaign to come
Members of the electorate who have not made up their minds at the start of the campaign and are open to persuasion by either side
Battle ground states
States in which the outcome of an election is too closeto call and either candidate could win
Who holds political power in the caucus system?
Members in the political party
Why would the national conventions be described as a checklist of formalities produced with high emotional appeal?
Because the conventions are based on tradition and the national committee's arangements made prior to the convention
What is the difference between electors and members of congress?
Electors vote for president candidates, but Congress has many more responsibilities
What are the main flaws of the Electoral College,
Popular vote winner is not guarenteeed presidency, electors aren't required to vote in accord withe the popular vote, any election may have to be decided in the House of Representatives
Why did Thomas Jefferson characterize the Electoral College system as 'the most dangerous blot' on the Constitution?
Because the system favors some states over others
Political action committees
Political arms of special-interest groups and other orginizations with a stake in electoral politics
A grant, usually from a government to help an orginization
Independent political action committees, unaffiliated with any political party
Contributions that are given directly to candidates for their campaigns, or limited, and must be reported to the government
Advocacy groups that try to influence the outcome of elections, and are allowed to raise unlimited sums of money
Why might campaign spending pose a risk to the political process in a democracy?
Because people who have more money may have more political influence
Give some examples of political action committees
Dairy farmers of America
What effect might the Citizen's Untied ruling have on raising money during election cycles?
The amount of money coming from independent sources increased dramatically and groups formed quickly in order to begin their funding
Why would a candidate for president refuse to money from the Presidential Election Campaign Fund?
There is a limit to public funds, so a candidate who raises money on their own could raise larger sums of money
Why are there so many different outside funding sources in election campaign financing?
Because they get around campaign-finance regulation in order to support candidates or their causes