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BJU World History Chapter 5
Flash cards for chapter 5 of Bob Jones University's 10th grade history book.
Terms in this set (54)
Period of peace and prosperity experienced by the ancient world.
The Senate conferred this title on Octavian when he restored the republic.
Dominated the first half of this literary age. Leading political figure of the late republic and also an outstanding scholar, author, lawyer, and statesman.
Considered the greatest Roman poet. Glorified Rome in his epic poem the Aeneid. "Homer of Rome."
"Poet of the Augustan Age." Spoke of the triumph of Rome.
Wrote about mythology and love. His best know work is Metamorphoses, a collection of over two hundred myths of the ancient world.
Wrote a lengthy history of Rome in some 142 volumes.
Wrote bitter satires on the loose morals and social problems of the empire. Longed for a return of the republic.
Favored the old republic over life under the self-centered emperors. His work Annals is valuable but pessimistic history of Rome from the death of Augustus to the reign of Nero.
Probably the most famous Greek writer in the Roman Empire. Parallel Lives of Illustrious Greeks and Romans is not only an excellent literary work but also the source of valuable historical information.
Experimenting on animals, this Greek physician studied the lungs, heart, arteries, and blood. His encyclopedia became the medical authority of the Middle Ages.
This Alexandrian astronomer and mathematician promoted the Geocentric Theory.
The theory that the earth is the center of the universe.
Built by Romans to supply water to many of their cities.
Criminals or war captives forced to participate in the Colosseum.
Philosophy that can be summed up by,
"There is nothing to fear in God.
There is nothing to be alarmed at in death.
Good is easily obtained.
Evil is easily endured."
This poet was probably the greatest exponent of Epicureanism in the Roman world.
The tutor of the emperor Nero and an outstanding writer and thinker. One of the leading Stoics of the Roman empire.
Teaches that the highest good is the pursuit of the virtues of courage, dignity, duty, simplicity of life, and service to fellow men.
Scholar, philosopher, administrator, and last of the so-called Good Emperors of Rome. Expressed the Stoic ideals in his book Meditations.
The Roman emperors held this title, meaning "Greatest Priest."
New centers of worship built by the Jews.
Greek translation of the Old Testament.
A sacrifice sent by God to redeem fallen man from his sinful condition and to provide eternal life to those who trust in Him.
Roman governor who sentenced Jesus to death despite finding no guilt in Him.
Roman emperor who Jesus was accused of plotting against.
The death to which Jesus was sentenced.
God sent His Son to be born of a virgin, to live a sinless life, and to die in the place of sinful humans so that they might be forgiven of their sins and be able to claim as their own righteousness of Jesus Christ.
The first Christian martyr.
Born into a Jewish home in Tarsus. He inherited Roman citizenship, received one of the best educations a Jew could obtain, and became a Pharisee.
The Jewish historian who later recorded the conflict between the Jews and the Romans, warned the Jews of the folly of armed resistance against the mighty Romans.
The war came to a climax as the Roman legions under their commander Titus destroyed Jerusalem in this year.
Roman commander who breached the walls of Jerusalem, looted the temple, and completely destroyed the city.
First official Roman persecution of Christianity began under this emperor.
the last and most widespread Roman persecution occurred during the reign of this emperor.
Greek for "fish." Also an acronym:
I stands for Iesous,
Ch stands for Christos,
Th stands for Theou,
U stands for Uios,
S stands for Soter.
Iesous means Jesus
Chistos means Christ
Theou means God's
Uios means Son
Soter means Savior
Constantine made Christianity legal in this year.
This Roman emperor made Christianity legal with the Edict of Milan, ending three hundred years of Roman persecution.
Heretic who disrupted the unity of the church by challenging the deity of Christ.
Council of Nicaea
Presided over by Constantine in 325. Affirmed Christ's deity and the doctrine of the Trinity.
Christianity became the official and exclusive religion of the Roman empire by edict of this emperor.
Exercised a strong influence on the church from the fourth century to the end of the Middle Ages. Not biblically based, but came from Eastern pagan religions.
Levels of authority among the pastor-bishops and churches in the empire.
The bishops of the most important cities of the empire--Jerusalem, Alexandria, Rome, Antioch, and Constantinople.
A co-emperor to rule the western half of the empire.
An assistant appointed by the co-emperor to help him and to become his successor.
The empire did not become permanently divided until this year when the emperor Theodosius I divided between his two sons.
This fierce nomadic tribe, which had menaced the Chinese empire for centuries, now moved across Asia into Europe, bringing terror and destruction upon all who were in its path.
A Germanic tribe who crossed the Danube River and settled in the eastern part of the Roman Empire. They rebelled because of mistreatment by Roman officials.
The Visgoths soundly defeated the Roman army and killed the emperor at the Battle of Adrianople in this year.
In 410, under this man's leadership, the Visgoths moved southwestward into the Italian Peninsula and plundered the city of Rome.
Called the "scourge of God," for he was believed to be the instrument of God's wrath upon a sinful people. Fierce leader of the Huns who invaded Roman territory.
A Germanic tribe that established a kingdom in North Africa. They raided and pillaged Rome. Their name came to mean "a destroyer of property."
The date for the fall of Rome. In this year, the army ended the long period of Roman rule by placing a non-Roman upon the emperor's throne in the west.
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