32 terms

GSESS8CG4 - All

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Appeal
Seeking a new trial after a court decision.
Appellate
Courts whose responsibility is to review prior court cases.
Chief Justice
Presiding justice of the Supreme Court.
Circuit
An area under the jurisdiction of the superior court.
Division
An area under the jurisdiction of the Court of Appeals.
Judicial Branch
Branch of government responsible for interpreting the laws.
Jurisdiction
Area that a court is responsible for.
Limited Jurisdiction
A court with a jurisdiction of only one county.
Magistrate Court
A court with the powers to issue warrants and try minor criminal cases, civil cases for sum of $15,000 or less, and civil disputes.
Probate Court
Court with the power to rule on wills and estates, traffic violations, violations of game and fish laws, grant marriage and firearms licenses, appoint legal guardians, and misdemeanors.
State Court
Court responsible for ruling in misdemeanor cases, preliminary criminal cases hearings, civil cases, and can issue search warrants.
Superior Court
Court responsible for hearing civil and criminal trials, divorce cases, felony cases, and land titles.
Supreme Court
Court responsible for reviewing decisions made in civil or criminal cases, determining the constitutionality of laws, changes to elections, and death sentences.
Court of Appeals
Court that reviews civil and criminal cases that have been previously heard by trial courts.
Justices
Members of the Supreme Court; in the Georgia Supreme Court, justices hold six year terms and are selected by popular vote.
Civil Law
Deals with laws created to deal with relationships amongst individuals.
Crimes
Serious offenses that are punishable with fines, community service, prison, and sometime death.
Criminal Law
Deals with laws that are created to protect society from wrong-doers.
Tort
A civil wrong doing against an individual
Arraigned
A step in the criminal court pretrial process where the suspect has received an indictment and is brought before a superior court judge.
Bail
Payment a suspect can pay to be released from custody until their trial date; bail is determined by the magistrate court.
Capital Crimes
Crimes that can be punished by the death penalty.
Custody
When a suspect is being held based on evidence that they committed a crime.
Defendant
Person or group being charged for a wrong doing.
Deliberation
When the jury discusses the guilt or innocence of a defendant.
Felony
A serious crime that can be punishable by no less than one year in prison.
Grand Jury
A group of citizens look over evidence to determine if a suspect should be charged with a crime.
Indictment
When a grand jury determines that there is enough evidence to be charged with a crime.
Plea Bargain
The ability for a defendant to plead guilty to a lesser charge.
Probable Cause
When there is sufficient evidence that the suspect was involved in a crime.
Suspect
Person who has been charged by law enforcement for committing a crime.
Verdict
a determination of guilt or innocence by a jury