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DMS Words to know
Terms in this set (40)
A mechanical wave that is an oscillation of pressure transmitted through a solid. liquid, or gas, composed of frequencies within the range of hearing.
Sound that is "created" solely or primarily by means of acoustic instruments (or the voice) by physical actions opposed to electric or electronic means(sometimes referred to as unplugged music).
Is an acoustic-to-electric transducer or sensor that converts sounds into an electrical signal.
Least expensive and most durable mics, mostly used for live performances, do not need batteries or phantom power.
The move expensive, sensitive and specialized type of mics, used mostly for recording. They require batteries or phantom power.
Usually long and thin shaped, they use a metal ribbon suspended in a magnetic field. They are particularly good for stereo recording.
Recording achieved by a microphone diaphragm that detects changes in atmospheric pressure and records them as a graphic representation of the sound waves onto a medium such as vinyl record disc or a plastic tape with a magnetic coating on it in form of a "reel to reel" tape, a cassette tape, or disc.
Recording achieved by converting an analog sounds signal picked up by a microphone into a digital form by a process of digitization, then storing the audio as a series of binary numbers representing samples of the amplitude of the audio signal at equal time intervals. Digital recordings are higher quality than analog recordings because the digital format can prevent much loss of quality found in analog recording.
Digital Audio Workstation (DAW)
An electronic system designed solely or primarily for recording, editing and playing back digital audio through the use of MIDI, audio samples, virtual instruments, and acoustic instruments.
ASCAP (American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers)
Is one of two US-based organizations that polices the copyrights to performed works by monitoring public performances of these works. Typically they collect license fees on behalf of artists and distributes the royalties to them.
BMI (Broadcast Music, Incorporated)
The other one of two US-based organizations which policies the copyrights to preformed works by monitoring public performances of these works.
A method of transmitting high-volume data communications such as network or internet data over fiber optic cable, or splitting up data packets and sending them on multiple channels at the same time.
The "electronic" memory used to temporarily store data when transmitting it between any two devices. The audio data has to get a "head start" before a device plays it so it can continue playing the audio while the rest is downloading without interrupting.
To record audio data in a digital device from any number of sources, including anything form an analog recording to a live performance (typically done with a microphone)
A device on which data can be recorded onto an optical disc. The data is recorded by burning small pits into the plastic disk which may then be read with a laser light.
(abbreviation for "coding/decoding") A method for encoding and decoding data in order to transmit or share it with another device. Codecs act like standards; without them, no data could be shared from one electronic device to another.
A method of preventing a creative work from being copied from one unit of storage to another by embedding protection devices in the media itself.
An instrument of law in which the creator or current owner of a creative work is enabled to exercise their intellectual property rights over that work.
(also known as "IEEE 1394 interface") is a rather speedy serial bus interface communication protocol used to send a receive data on computers as well as audio and video devices. In spite of the name Firewire is not restricted to wires, but is a protocol (just like HTTP) that can be used over wireless, fiber optic, and coaxial networks.
Is the lag time between the initiation of an event and the completion of it. In audio, this is the time period transpiring between a digital and an analog signal. This applies both to the time it takes for the machine to turn microphone input into digital data, and the time it takes to read the digital data and out it as a audio signal to the speaker or headphones.
MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface)
Is an electronic protocol widely adopted for synthesized music. The MIDI format is not recorded or "played". Instead, it is composed directly on digital equipment and is merely a series of electronic commands sent to a sound card to produce tones.
A software program or hardware device used to combine or control audio output. Sound mixing is a fact of all digital audio output. Mixing is to audio what multitasking is to computing.
Is the most popular and widely deployed audio file format for consumer audio storage and digital audio players in general. MP3 is such widely accepted standard that a music player is likely to be called an "MP3 player" even when it plays other files formats.
Is a list of audio tracks kept together and intended to be listened to as a group. Audio music consumers frequently keep several playlists for different occasions and the sharing of playlists has become a social media activity.
Is any software which is offered as an add-on feature for a larger software product. Frequently plug-ins are produced by third parties.
Is a hardware which allows a device to be plugged directly into a household current to obtain power as opposed to running off of a battery or phantom power.
In the context of audio equiptment, is a method for transmitting DC electric power through microphone cables to operate microphones the contain active electronic circuitry; best known as a convenient power source for condenser microphones, though many active direct boxes also use it.
Is a method of transmitting DC electric power through USB (Universal Serial Bus) cable to operate external hardware.
Is a creative work which is not restricted by copyright, either by the expiration of said copyright under copyright law or by intentional release of the work by the artist. Public domain works by definition belonging to the public, and can be used for any purpose, including for profit.
Is to extract audio file data from a audio CD, typically to a computer or mobile device. A software program which does this task is called a "ripper".
Is the resolution of a digitally stored audio file.. In converting between analog and digital data, the digital side is stored and retrieved as a series of samples, just as an image file is stored as a series of pixels. Playing a sound back at a different sample rate from the one it was recorded at will result in a different, sometimes mangled, playback.
Is the current preferred method of listening to audio files. In streaming audio, one may start hearing a file before it has finished downloading to one's device, as opposed to downloading it separately and then opening it to listen to it.
(Universal Serial Bus) Is the standard method of connecting electronic devices and peripherals. Nearly every device and peripheral has standardized on using USB connectivity, as it is suited to both transmit a data signal and power in the same port.
(Waveform Audio Format) Is a audio codec format originated by Microsoft and IBM. Since it is typically an uncompressed format, its use is reserved for short sound effects and ringtones, as opposed to full-length music files.
Reduces the volume of loud sounds or amplifies quite sounds by narrowing or "compressing" an audio signal's dynamic range.
Are processes used to artificially enhance or emphasize sounds (or other content of films, television shows, live performances, animation, video games, music or other media).
Is the process commonly used in sound recording and reproduction to alter the frequency response of an audio system using linear filters.
Is a circuit the allows signals below a specified input power to pass unaffected while leveling out the peaks of stronger signals that exceed this input power.
Is a method of sound recording that allows for the separate recording of multiple sound sources from multiple channels to create a cohesive whole.
Is a recording technique used to correct mistakes or improve sections of a track by "punching in" in real time, recording over previously recorded audio, and "punching (back) out" in real time. It often requires split-second timing and a certain element of luck.
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