Sociology Ch. 5: Socialization & Personality
Terms in this set (32)
The interactive process by which people learn the basic skills, values, beliefs, and behavior patterns of society.
the conscious awareness of possessing a distinct identity that separates you from other members of society
Clean (blank) Slate.
The Looking Glass Self
The process of developing an image of ourselves based on how we imagine we appear to others. Cooley.
Taking on or pretending to take on the roles of others.
Mead - 3 stages of Role Taking
1. imitation (under 3) - imitate others
2. play (age 3-6) - "pretend" to be others
3. game (after age 6-7) - organized sports, multiple roles
People closest to us (family, friends) that directly influence our socialization
internalized attitudes and expectations of people in society that we use to guide our behavior and reinforce our sense of self. Mead
mimic those around you (under age 3)
Play games where you take on roles and anticipate the roles of others (school age). This most resembles real life.
According to Mead, the unsocialized, spontaneous, self-interested part of the self and personality
According to Mead, the socialized self that is aware of social expectations
sum total of behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, and values that are characteristic of an individual
transmission of genetic material from parents to children
unchanging, biologically inherited behavior patterns
study of biological basis of social behavior
4 Factors Influencing Personality
heredity, birth order, parental characteristics, cultural environment
wild or untamed children - typically found living with animals
agents of socialization
Specific individuals, groups, and institutions that enable socialization to take place. (ex: family, peers, school, media)
One contributor to personality development; What sociological studies of feral children point to as a conclusion that our personalities and humanity come from
The most important agent of socialization because it is where the child first becomes socialized. Deliberate and unintended socialization takes place.
A group composed of individuals of roughly equal age and similar social characteristics. Very influential as a socialization agent in the pre-teen and teen years.
Deliberate socialization to teach skills (3R's - respect, responsibility, do the right thing, social skills) and mainstream values.
Instruments of communication that reach large audiences with no personal contact between sender and receiver. TV is the most influential mass media socializer of children.
setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society for a set period.and subjected to control of officials. Ex. Prisons, Boot Camp, monasteries, psych wards
breaking with past experiences to learn new values and norms.
capacity to learn a particular skill or acquire a body of knowledge -typically leads to influencing environment
Confined to attic by grandfather for 6 years with little human interaction; lacked basic life skills, died at 10.
Hidden away with her deaf mother since birth, never developed language skills, eventually taught how to speak and communicate
Lived alone in a filthy & dark room as a toddler, no sunlight or noise exposure, locked to a chair for 11 years, feral child.
What cases such as Anna, Isabelle, Genie and the institutionalized infants show that social and psychological development requires
Showed that monkeys preferred contact with the comfortable cloth mother than the one with the food