These rules govern the work of those who catalog in English-speaking countries including the United States, Canada, the UK, and Australia.
Information such as the title, author, publisher, ISBN, size, or edition that describes a unique book, or other library item.
The process of analyzing and selecting key identifying information about an object and organizing this information in ways that can be easily retrieved by those who wish to locate and use the object.
The process of assigning subjects and location codes to library materials. Library of Congress (LC and Dewey Decimal are the common codes used in the US. LC subjects are assigned so that materials can be searched by topic.
Libraries that form a partnership to share an ILS.
Integrated Library System
The hardware and software used by a library or libraries to provide for a common online catalog and circulation, cataloging, acquisitions, interlibrary loans, reserves ad other library services.
Attached to the bibliographic record, this second record contains local information, unique to a specific library, about the resource being cataloged such as its circulation rules, call number , barcode, replacement cost, and collection type.
An acronym for Machine Readable Cataloging, the computer coding system developed by the LC in the 1970s that established a standard way to enter and format bibliographic data about library material.
The initialism for Resource Description and Access, the new cataloging standard that replaces the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR2). It was created in 2010, and most libraries have adopted it as their standard for cataloging.
The process of making a local record based on an acquired bibliographic record created from another source.
Online Public Access Catalog, this is how patrons view, place holds, and manage their accounts both within and outside the library using the Internet.
A library catalog that contains the bibliographic records of more than one library interfiled in the dictionary format.
An acronym for the term "Bibliographic Framework," this Library of Congress initiative will replace MARC record cataloging in the future. Cataloging standards are changing to include more description and metadata that will be accessed universally through search engines rather than proprietary MARC record systems. MARC records will transfer to BIBFRAME. The LC will determine when to abandon the MARC standard.
Uniform Resource Identifier (URI)
The initialism for Uniform Resource Identifier. In the future, cataloging records will be created in BIBFRAME and each line of code will be a URI or web address pointing to linking descriptive or authority information stored on the servers of the LC and other libraries.
An initialism for Extensible Markup Language, a type of code recommended for posting data or information on the internet and used to code and edit new websites. XML works with HTML so that relationships between lines of code can be made. It has become a common language for programming websites to enhance searching and is the coding languae of BIBFRAME.
A top line of computer code on a web page for inputting searchable subjects that will enhance the page's ranking. Such lines of code influence search engine results by matching the user's search terms with the subjects found in the code. Library programmers can influence the ranking of their websites by using metatags.