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Chapter 7 - Weather and Climate
Terms in this set (38)
All of Earth's weather takes place in this layer of the atmosphere
The layer of the atmosphere that is the thinnest
Name the layers of the atmosphere in order, beginning with the layer closest to Earth
troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere
Two gasses that make up almost all of the atmosphere
nitrogen and oxygen
The blanket of gasses that surrounds the Earth
The layer of the atmosphere that is the coldest
As you climb a mountain, what happens to the temperature?
it gets cooler
What causes wind to blow?
the uneven heating of Earth
The measurement of how much water vapor is in the air
Water in the atmosphere that falls to Earth as rain, snow, hail, or sleet
The force of air pushing down on an area
Describe the humidity in a desert
Does air always have some amount of water vapor in it?
An instrument used to measure wind speed
A tool used to measure changes in air pressure
A tool used to measure temperature
A measurement of how hot or cold something is
A device that moves to show which way the wind is blowing
A device that measures how much precipitation has fallen
A tool that measures the amount of moisture in the air
When does condensation occur?
When particles of water vapor cool and lose energy
Name the 3 states of water
solid, liquid, and gas
The movement of water between Earth's surface and the air
the water cycle
What happens to water when it is heated?
Some of it evaporates to form water vapor
Name the energy source that drives the water cycle
What causes liquid water to turn into water vapor?
The process of a liquid changing to a gas
Water in the form of a gas
The process of a gas changing to a liquid
A collection of tiny water droplets or ice crystals in the atmosphere
To change state from a liquid to a solid
The constant movement of water between Earth's surface and the atmosphere
the water cycle
To change state from a solid to a liquid
Puffy white clouds that look like cotton balls
A cumulus cloud that becomes dark and thick and often produces precipitation.
Clouds that form in layers and are often the lowest clouds in the sky.
Clouds that look thin and wispy, made of tiny bits of ice and are usually found very high in the sky.
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