71 terms

Musical Theatre

STUDY
PLAY
1910-1920
Time period with events: Progressive Era- Time of change and restlessness
Formation of NAACP,
Women's Suffrage Movement,
Triangle Shirst-waist Factory fire,-Labor Unions movement World War 1, Actor's Strike (Actor's Equity)
1920-1930
Great Depression
• Shows "Glorified the American girl" (Ziegfield)
• "Cinderella" stories- poor girl meets rich guy and lives happily ever after ("Sally", "Irene", "Mary")
• Booming/busiest years of Broadway
Around 50 musicals debuting per season
1910-1930 stage
Proscenium stage (different from arena stage)
Cyclorama
1910-1930"a curtain or wall curving along the back of a stage, usually painted to represent the sky and serving to enhance certain lighting effects."
1910-1930
Illusion of flying was popular
Turntable stage
1910-1930-to make quick changes in set design
Norma Terris
Showboat played Magnolia Hawks (and her daughter Kim, as an adult) 1910-1930
Marilyn Miller
played protagonist in "Sally"...great ballet and tap dancer 1910-1930
George M. Cohen
appearing in over 40 years over a span of 30 years, also composer. Could dance and sing. Became a major writer and composer of things like its a grand old flag it's a high flying song 1910-1930
Fanny Brice
star of Ziegfield Follies, comedienne, chanteuse 1910-1930
The Vagabond King
1925--511 performances
• Producer: Rudolf Frimi
• Number of cast members: 100
• First Performance: Sept. 21 1925
Good News
1927-Music and Lyrics: Ray Henderson, B.G. DeSylva and Lew Brown
• Book by Laurence Schwab, Frank Mandel and B.G. DeSylva
• 557 performances
No, No, Nanette
1925--321 performances
• Tap dancing musical comedy
• Composer: Vincent Youmans
• Lyricists: Irving Caesar and Otto Harbach
• Revival in 1971
Ziegfield Follies
1907--Florenz Ziegfield
• Series of musicals revues in which beautiful women in beautiful dances would sing and dance
• Very popular
• Glorified the "American Girl"
George White Scandals
1922--
• 89 performances
• Music: George Gershwin
• Lyrics: B. G. DeSylva and E. Ray Goetz.
• Book by George White and W. C. Fields
• Two act musical revue with George White starring as himself in the production and also directing it.
• Humor, great dancing, chorus line girls, and great musical hits.
12 more scandals after 1911 rivaling Ziegfield's Follies
A Connecticut Yankee
1927--• Music: Richard Rodgers
• Book by Mark Twain
• Disappointing revival in 1943
Showboat
1927--• Book by Edna Ferber
• Music: Jerome Kern
• Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II
• 572 performances
• Themes: racism, alcoholism, marital heartbreak
• Influenced by racism occurring at the time, after Civil War and before Civil Rights Movement
1930-1950
Time period with events:
The Great Depression
Franklin D. Roosevelt Elected
FDR's New Deal
End of Prohibition
Minimum wage of 25¢/hr established
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
American involvement in WWII
1930-1950
Comedy
Western
Politics were themes of what era?
1930-1950
Era with musicals: Strike Up the Band, Crazy Girl, Of Thee I Sing, Anything Goes, Porgy and Bess, On Your Toes, Babes In Arms, I'd Rather Be Right, I Married an Angel, Let's Face It, The Boys From Syracuse, Panama Hattie, Louisiana Purchase, Carmen Jones, Oklahoma, On the Town, Annie Get Your Gun
Porgy and Bess
1935--Unpopular at the time based on serious tone and offensive portrayal of African Americans, but it gained popularity overtime.
Cabin in the Sky
1940- fable about angel vs demon who fight for a human's soul. The show had good reviews, but was ultimately unpopular and unsuccessful.
Anything Goes
1934--William Gaxton (Billy Crocker)
Ethel Merman (Reno Sweeney)
Victor Moore (Reverend Dr. Moon)
Bettina Hall (Hope Harcourt)
Composer: Cole Porter
Oklahoma
1943--Music: Richard Rodgers
Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II
Book / libretto: Oscar Hammerstein II
Based on: the play Green Grow the Lilacs by Lynn Riggs
breaking all of the then existing records both for length of run and for box-office receipts.
• It was the first Broadway musical in which every single song had a direct relation to the plot, and in which there were none that were simply musical interludes.
Cast: Alfred Drake, Joan Roberts, Howard Da Silva, Betty Garde, Celeste Holm
Annie Get Your Gun
1946-- Ethel Merman
Ray Middleton
Earl Sauvain
Lea Penman
Annie Oakley and Frank Butler meet when she beats him in a sharpshooting contest at Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show and the two have to negotiate between their completive sides and their blossoming love for each other.
Ethel Merman
1930-1950
Original Reno is Anything Goes
Ginger Rogers
1930-1950
Girl Crazy
film star: famous for roles w/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
1930-1950 famous film actor/dancer/singer
known for revolutionizing dance films by having dancers shot in full-figure, and filming with no cuts and edits.
Ray Bolger
1930-1950--On Your Toes
Alfred Drake
1930-1950

Babes in Arms
original Curly in Oklahoma
Kiss me Kate
Fayard and Harold Nicholas
1930-1950
famous African American tap dancers; known for unique acrobatic style
popular on broadway; not as popular in films due to their race
Danny Kaye
1930-1950
Lets Face It
important source of entertainment for soldiers during World War II
Gene Kelly
1930-1950

Starting career
dancer/assistant choreographer in Best Foot Forward
sung with Frank Sinatra in Take Me Out to the Ball Game
not only in musicals--starred in dramatic productions ie:the Three Musketeers in 1948
Celeste Holm
1930-1950
Original Ado Annie in Oklahoma
Nacio Brown
1930-1950
composer
Singin' in the Rain
broadway show Take a Chance
Milton Ager
1930-1950-
composer
"Mama Goes Where Papa Goes"
"The Last of the Red Hot Mamas"
"Happy Days Are Here Again"-Democratic Theme Song
George Gershwin
1930-1950
composer

Girl Crazy
Porgy and Bess
Strike up the Band
Of Thee I Sing
Maceo Pinkard
1930-1950
composer
Liza
Kay Swift
1930-1950
FEMALE composer

Fine and Dandy= first hit broadway musical to be written and scored by a woman
relationship with George Gershwin
Irving Berlin
1930-1950
composer
Louisiana Purchase
This Is The Army (1942): raised over nine million dollars during World War II.
Annie Get Your Gun
Johnny Mercer
1930-1950
lyricist

also famous singer
wrote lyrics to "Laura", "Midnight Sun", and "Satin Doll" after the melodies had become hits.
composed English lyrics to songs in other languages, like "Autumn Leaves", based on the French song "Les Feuilles Mortes".
Jeepers Creepers covered by Louis Armstrong
had an affair with Judy Garland
Ira Gershwin
1930-1950
lyricist

collaborated with younger brother George Gershwin
Dorothy Fields
1930-1950
lyricist

one of the first successful female songwriters
Yip Harburg
1930-1950
lyricist

wrote lyrics to Wizard of Oz score including somewhere over the rainbow
"Broadway's social conscience,"
Bloomer Girl fighting for women's rights and civil-rights
Finian's Rainbow fighting against racism and capitalism
Oscar Hammerstein
1930-1950
lyricist
The Sound of Music
Oklahoma!
South Pacific
The King and I
Show Boat
Carmen Jones
1950-1970
Era with musicals:
"The Golden Age"
The Sound of Music- Rodgers and Hammerstein)
Bye Bye Birdie-Michael Stewart)
Hair- Gerome Ragni and James Rado)
Mame- Robert Edwin Lee and Jerome Lawrence)
The King and I
Guys and Dolls
Peter Pan
Fiddler on the Roof
Happy as Harry (3 performances)
Pipe Dream
The Music Man
How to Succeed in Business
Oliver!
Camelot
My Fair Lady
Lerner and Loewe
composer+ lyricists- My Fair Lady and Camelot (1940's to 1960's)
Stephen Sondheim
composer and lyricist- West Side Story, Gypsy, Follies, and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum(1954- present)
Rogers and Hammerstein
composer + lyricistFlower Drum Song, Cinderella, and The Sound of Music (1944-1960)
Leanord Berstein
composer- Candide- operetta and West Side Story (1940's to 1990's
Dick Van Dyke
played in Bye Bye Birdie, continued on to TV and movies, 1950-1970
Chita Rivera
played in Bye Bye Birdie, West Side Story, danced in many other musicals (Guys and Dolls), 1950-1970
Julie Andrews
played in (Camelot, My Fair Lady)- now she stars in movies and is known worldwide, 1950-1970
Bea Arthur
starred in little roles until she was in Fiddler on the Roof and the lead in Mame, 1950-1970
Grease
1972

Lyricist/Composer: Jim Jacobs, Warren Casey
Stars: Barry Bostwick, Carole Demas
3,388 performances, 9 years on broadway
Phantom of the Opera
1986

Composer: Andrew Lloyd Webber
Lyricist: Charles Hart/ Richard Stilgoe
Stars: Steve Barton, Michael Crawford, Sarah Brightman
The show was extremely popular and went on various tours all the way to 2013
Advancements in props: chandeliers,smoke, makeup,costumes
Made $845 million
Rent
1996
Composer/Lyricist/Producer: Jonathan Larson
Stars: Anthony Rapp, Adam Pascal
About a group of impoverished artists and musicians in NYC who are struggling with HIV/AIDS
Ninth longest running broadway show (12 years)
Made over $280 million
Mary Poppins
2006
Lyricist and Composer: George Stiles, Anthony Drewe
Stars: Ashely Brown,Gavin Lee
Producers: Cameron Mackintosh and Pamela Travers
Story of a family who is in need of a new nanny because the children (Jane and Michael) are constantly misbehaving. Mary Poppins, a mysterious woman, is hired and teaches both the children and adults lessons while taking them on adventures.
Special Effects: Mary Poppins magical abilities created by machine, kitchen is wrecked and magically reorganized, carpet bag holds large objects
2,619 performances and 6 years on broadway
Andrew Lloyd Webber
British composer of The Likes of Us, Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, Evita, Cats, Phantom of the Opera
Jonathan Larson
American composer of JP Morgan Saves The Nation, music for Sesame Street, Rent, Tick Tick...Boom. Died on the morning of Rent's first preview off Broadway.
George Stiles
British composer of Mary Poppins,Honk!, Peter Pan
Jim Jacobs
American composer, lyricists and writer of Grease
Andrea Ardel
played Annie in (Annie 1977) -Charles Strouse, Martin Charmin
Patti LuPone
played in Evita (1979)-Andrew Lloyd Webber, Tim Rice
Terrence Mann
played in (Les Mis 1987) Claude Michel Schonberg,Alain Boubil (The Beauty and the Beast 1994) Alan Menken, Tim Rice
Jason Raize
played in (Lion King 1997) Elton John, Tim Rice
Louise Pitre
played in (Mamma Mia 2001) Bjorn Ulvaeus
Marissa Jaret Winokur
played in (Hairspray 2002) Marc Shaiman
Katie Rose Clark
played in (Wicked 2003) Stephen Schwartz
Footloose
On broadway in 1998 based on a 1984 movie
Composer: Tom Snow
Lyricist: Dean Pitchford
Stars: Jeremy Kushnier, Stephen Lee Anderson, Jennifer Laura Thompson
A boy named Ren moves to a strict town with many rules including a ban against dancing. It's all about Ren changing the culture of this town.
Hasn't been in America since 2003
Ran for 709 performances on broadway
Rodgers and Hart
composer + lyricist
1925 The Garrick Gaieties
1927 A Connecticut Yankee, based on the Mark Twain novel
1928 Present Arms
1935 Jumbo
1936 On Your Toes
1937 Babes in Arms
1938 The Boys from Syracuse, based on William Shakespeare's The Comedy of Errors
1938 I Married an Angel
1938 Too Many Girls
1940 Higher and Higher
1940 Pal Joey, based on John O'Hara's work
1942 By Jupiter
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