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Tissues Function & Location

Anatomy & Physiology Lab, Book: Allen Epithelial, Connective, Musclar,
Locations of Simple Squamous Epithelium
Blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, alveoli of lungs, glomerular capsules of kidney
Function of Simple Squamous Epithelium in the lungs
Creates shorter distance for diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide
General Function of Simple Squamous Epithelium
Secretion, diffusion, filtration, secretes serous membrane
What type of tissue is found on the walls of kidneys
simple cuboidal epithelia
What type if tissue is found in glands
simple cuboidal epithelia
What is the general functions of simple cuboidal epithelium
Secretion and Absorption
What tissue type lines the stomach and intestines
Simple Columnar Epithelium
What type of tissue lines the uterine tubes
Simple Columnar
What is the general function of simple columnar epithelial
Secretion and Absorption
What type of epithelial makes of the surface of the skin
stratified squamous
What type of epithelia lines the mouth, esophagus, anus and vagina
Stratified Squamous
What function does the stratified squamous epithelial layer provide
Protective barrier
Where can you find stratified squamous epithelial tissue
lines mouth, esophagus, anus, vagina or the surface skin
Transitional tissue lines what structure
Lines the urinary bladder and parts of urethra and urters
What type of tissue has the property of distension
Transional epithelia
What is the function of transitional epithelia
protective barrier
permits distension
This epithelial tissue lines the nasal cavity, trachea and bronchi
Pseudostratified columnar epithelia
What epithelial tissue secretes and moves mucus by ciliary action?
Pseudostratified columnar or simple columnar
The tissue lines the central canal of the spinal cord
Ciliated columnar epithelium
What is the function of endocrine glands
produce hormones that regulate various body activies
What is the function of the exocrine glands
produces sweat, oil, earwax, saliva or digestive enzymes
This gland produces sweat and salivia and some other things. What is it
exocrine gland
This glands products enter the intersitial fluid then diffuse directly into the blood stream
Endocrine glands
This gland secrets into ducts
Exocrine glands
What does keratin do
helps protect skin and underlying tissues from heat, microbes, and chemicals
What is the most abundant primary tissue
connective tissue
What makes of the extracellular matrix
fibers and ground substance
Ground Substance is a compontent of what tissue
Connective tissue
What does ground substance do?
supports cells, binds them together, stores water, provides medium for exchange of substances between blood and cells
Fibers do what for this tissue?
Fibers strengthen and support connective tissue
List the three types of fibers
Collagen, elastin, reticular
Reticular fibers do what for connective tissue?
Provide strength and elasticity
Fibroblasts produce the extracellular matrix for what two connective tissues
Loose and dense connective tissue
The extracellular matrix of cartilage is formed by what ?
Chondroblasts form the ECM for what connective tissue
The osteoblasts form connective tissue for ________-
Bone's extracellular matrix is formed by what
What doe collagen fibers do?
provide strength
what are the three types of loose connective tissue
Areolar, adipose, reticular
What is the most abudant connective tissue
areolar connective tissue
What makes of areolar tissue
fibroblasts, collagen fibers, reticular fibers, elastin fibers, and ground substance
What connective tissue is found beneath all epithelial tissue?
Areolar connective tissue
What organs are bade out of reticular connective tissue
liver, spleen, lymph nodes
The lymph nodes are made of out this connective tissue?
Where do you find adipose connective tissue
under skin and surrounding organs
What tissue makes up the liver and spleen
reticular connective tissue
What tissue provides support for soft organs such as the liver, spleen and lymph nodes
reticular connective tissue
what function does reticular connective tissue have
provides support for soft organs
Areolar tissue provides what function ?
binds epithelium to underlying tissues, allows nutrients to diffuse to epithelial cells
What type of tissue resists pulling forces at attachment
Dense regular connective tissue
This connective tissue resistant pulling forces from different directions and will not tear when stretched
dense irregular
This tissue allows respiratory organs to recoil
elastic connective tissue
Elastic connective tissue is found in what parts of the body
lungs, trachea, bronchi, aorta
Where will you find dense irregular tissue
What tissue forms ligaments
dense regular
Dense regular tissue forms this __________--
ligaments, tendons and aponeruoses
Name the type of connective tissue that provides smooth surfaces for movement of joints, as well as flexibility and support
The ends of long bones are made of what tissue
hyaline cartilage
The nose is made up of what type of cartilage
Hyaline cartilage can be found in what parts of the body
anterior ends of ribs, ends of long bones, parts of nose, larynx, trachea, bronchi and embryonic and fetal skeleton
what is the strongest cartilage
Invertebral disks are made of this type of cartilage
The external ear is made up of this type of tissue
elastic cartilage
what type of cartilage is highly flexible and maintains its shape
The pubic symphysis is made out of what cartilage
what is the general function of fibrocartilage
support and fusion
what are the two classifications of bone
spongy or compact
The epiglottis of larynx is made out of ?
elastic cartilage
what cartilage provides the template for bone formation
Exterior bones are made of this type of bone
compact bone
Name the type of tissue that provides support, protection and stores minerals
Name the four components of blood
plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets
_____________ is part of blood clotting
where will you find platelets
formed element of blood in arteries, capillaries and veins
What do red blood cells do
transport blood gases
What does plasma do in the blood
transports nutrients, blood gases, waste, chemical messengers, blood cells and platelets
What type of cell attacks pathogens and other body invaders
white blood ccells
What is the function of skeletal muscle
moves bones and skin, contractions generate heat
What muscle moves urine
smooth muscle
What part of the body is skeletal muscle found
attaching bones and skin
Where can you look and find cardiac muscle
wall of heart
The walls of the digestive tract are lined with what type of muscle?
smooth muscle
This tissue type contracts and relaxes
Smooth muscle
Smooth muscle is found in what walls of body parts
digestive tract, arteries and veins, urinary tract, instrisic muscles of the eye
Cardiac muscle does what
moves blood throughout the cardiorespiratory system
Lines the mouth and protects underlying tissue in areas subject to abrasion
stratified squamous
Located in the alveoli and provides a short distance for the diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide
simple squamous
Forms kidney tubues and is involved in absorption and secretion
simple cuboidal
Lines the nasal cavities
pseudostratified columnar
moves substances over epithelial surfaces
pseudostratified columnar
Forms the mesothelium of the peritoneum and secrets serous fluid
simple squamous
Lines the stomach and its microvilli; increase surface area for absorption and secretion
simple columnar
lines the bladder and ureter and is distensible
transitional epithelial tissue
Contains elastic fibers and is found in the lungs. This tissue allows the lungs to inflate and then return to its orginial shape
elastic connective tissue
Type of connective tissue packed with parallel bundles of collagen fibers and is found in tendons?
dense regular
Has a firm, gelatinous ground substance contain collagen fibers. This tissue is found in the tracheal wall to support and prevent the trachea from collapsing
Type of tissue that cushions and supports epithelia
located in the external ear, auditory tube and epiglottis
has a fluid extracellular matrix used to transport substances thoroughout the body
extracellular matrix has osteons
Tissue that moves food through the digestive tract
controls blood flow through the artiers and veins and controls blood pressure
Moves blood through the heart