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Chapter 7 EAC
Terms in this set (34)
system of government in which citizens choose representatives to govern them
to give up
period when business activity slows, prices and wages fall, and unemployment rises
settlement in which each side gives up some of its demands in order to reach an agreement
government in which one person or a small group holds complete authority
the right that no person can be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime
document that sets out the laws, principles, organization, and processes of a government
Bill of Rights
Virginia's constitution contains a bill of rights, a list if freedom that the government promises to protect.
Articles of Confederation
The Articles created a very loose alliance of 13 independent states in 1777. Congress could declare war, appoint military officers, and coin money. It was also responsible for foreign affairs. Maryland refused to ratify the Articles unless Virginia and other states ceded their claims to lands west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
The Articles created conflicts between states (New Hampshire and New York both claimed Vermont), money problems (difference in currency between states), and other nations were taking advantage of the United States (Britain refused to withdraw its troops from the Ohio Valley, Spain closes its port to America).
Land of Ordinance of 1785
It set up a system for settling the Northwest Territory. The territory would be surveyed and divided into townships. Townships would than be divided into 36 sections of 1 square mile each. Each section would cost $640.
It set up a government for the Northwest Territory, guaranteed basic rights to settlers, and outlawed slavery there. Once a territory had a population of 60,000 free settlers, it could ask Congress to be admitted as a new state.
The war had made farm products price rise and the borrowed supplies and money during the Revolution. Daniel Shay, a Massachusetts farmer, organized an uprising in 1786. More than 1,000 farmers took part. They attacked courthouses and prevented the state from seizing farms. Finally legislatures sent the militia to drive them off.
A meeting of delegates that was suppose to revise the Articles, but ended up creating the Constitution.
A new government that favored larger states by having 2 legislature houses. The more people in a state, the more representatives they have.
New Jersey Plan
A new government that favored smaller states by having 1 legislature house therefore no matter the population, everyone would have the same amount of representatives.
branch that passed laws
branch that carried out laws
branch that decided if laws were carried out fairly
The Great Compromise
Roger Sherman created this which created one constitution. He combined both the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan into one constitution.
The Three-Fifths Compromise was created to settle the dispute of slave population. Delegates said that 3/5ths of the slaves in the southern would count toward the population. This is suppose to limit the southerns power.
James Madison was 36 year old from Virginia. He brought research, books, and journals to the Convention. He strongly influenced the other delegates. He is called "the father of the constitution".
2 Founding Fathers
- Thomas Jefferson
gave the idea to us about creating a republic. Americans greatly admired Romans republic. But Madison and Jefferson were worried because Rome became a dictatorship. Rome valued luxury more than independence, which is why they turned into a dictatorship.
two basic ideas that shaped British and American governments. 1. English monarchs (citizens) had to obey the law. 2. King John (president) wouldn't raise taxes without the nobles (delegates) consent.
English Bill of Rights
It protected rights of citizens: 1. elections should be held regularly, 2. right to a trial by jury, 3. allowed citizens to bear arms, 4. Habeas Corpus (no person could be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime).
believed that people could improve society through the use of reason. Most delegates read these ideas.
He declared all people had natural rights to life, liberty, and property. He also believed government is an agreement between the ruler and the ruled.
Separation of Powers
It is designed to keep any person or group from gaining too much power.
Baron de Montesquieu
Leading delegates from the Constitutional Convention (names)
someone who supports the constitution.
Someone who did not support the constitution.
The Federalist Papers
Written by Hamilton, Madison and Jay, described
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