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Mr. Wall Truman to Kennedy Study Guide
Terms in this set (42)
Put the following Cold War events in correct chronological order: Korean War, economic aid to Greece and Turkey, Berlin Crisis
Economic aid to Greece and Turkey, Berlin Crisis, Korean War
What did "containment" mean?
It was the idea that Soviet expansion must be stopped or communism would spread throughout the free world
What was a result of the Marshall Plan?
Western Europe became closely allied with US / US economy will grow
What events led to the Second Red Scare?
Soviets achieving the atomic bomb, Communist takeover of China
Why isn't Korea referred to as a war? What was it called instead?
War was never declared by Congress. It was called police action.
How did Truman convince the American people to re-elect him?
Campaigned against republicans in congress
Why did the U.S. government sometimes support corrupt governments?
To stop the spread of communism. The governments were anti-communist
Why was MacArthur fired?
He began to undermine truman's authority
Which group was formed to investigate domestic Communist threats?
HUAC (House Un-American Activities Commission)
Why we're both sides willing to accept so many casualties in the final two months of the Korean War?
They were willing to trade those casualties for every little gain of territory
Why did the U.S. conceal its atomic program from the Soviet Union?
We did not trust them.
Who was the U.S. Senator that led a successful anti-communist campaign?
What was the "baby boom"?
Birth rate soared as husbands and wives were reunited after the war and the economy prospered. A dramatic rise in the birth rate after WWII
What action did the U.S. and Great Britain take to prevent all of Germany from becoming Communist?
The Berlin Airlift
Why was the U.S. so well off economically after the war?
america was supplying the goods that the rest of the world needed
How did the U.S. government react after the Soviets launched Sputnik?
Why were children shown the movie "Duck and Cover"?
So that they would know what to do in the event of a nuclear attack
Why did television become so popular in the 1950's?
Americans were willing to spend money after so many wartime sacrifices
The U.S. pledge that it would use overwhelming force to settle serious conflicts was known as what?
Who criticized the Korean peace negotiations for dragging while American soldiers were dying?
What incident proved to Americans that they had fallen behind the Soviet Union in technical skill?
launch of Sputnik
What was the Eisenhower Doctrine?
U.S. promised to defend the Middle East against an attack by any communist country
What agency was formed to gather information and spy on foreign governments?
CIA (Central Intelligence Agency)
What was a criticism of American society in the 1950's?
lack of individuality
Which bomb was more destructive
atomic or hydrogen?:Hydrogen
Who was Jonas Salk?
Developed a vaccine to prevent Polio
What was a result of the construction of inexpensive suburban homes?
People moved away from the cities into the suburbs
How did the Soviets solidify their control over Eastern Europe?
What was the Peace Corps?
Program of volunteer assistance to the developing nations
What was flexible response?
New military strategy- build up conventional (non-nuclear) forces to give the President more options in small conflicts
What was a result of the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case?
Public Schools could no longer be segregated
Which 1960 presidential candidate seemed to represent a spirit of hope and change?
John F. Kennedy
What prevented East Germans from escaping to freedom?
Why we're Americans so devastated when Kennedy was assassinated?
He was the symbol of hope and progress
Who was Lee Harvey Oswald?
What incident convinced the U.S. and Soviet Union to take steps to ease tensions between them?
The Cuban Missile Crisis
What did Kennedy propose to bolster the nation's prestige and power in the face of several foreign policy setbacks?
go to the moon
What event caused Cuba to turn to the Soviet Union for protection from the U.S.?
Bay of Pigs Invasion
How did the Korean War fit into the Truman policy of containment?
containment- stopping spread of communism. korea- communist north, democratic south. north invades, US steps in
What effects did the baby boom have on the U.S.?
There was a need for new schools, homes. Huge jump in the young population. Energetic and money was spent on them.
Contrast containment and brinkmanship.
Containment- The idea that Soviet expansion must be stopped or communism would spread throughout the free world. Brinkmanship- Willingness of the U.S. to go to the edge of all out war to protect from communism
Explain the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Closest we have ever come to nuclear war. Fidel Castro comes to power. Bay of Pigs invasion failed. Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev began to ship weapons (including nuclear missiles) to Cuba. US has to take missiles out of Turkey to get them to remove the weapons from Cuba.
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