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14 terms

Cells

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Nucleus
contains DNA and is the control center of the cell
Ribosomes
the site where amino acids are hooked together to make proteins
Mitochondria
powerhouse of the cell, organelle that is the site of ATP (energy) production
Lysosomes
cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certain materials in the cell
Golgi Bodies
Package proteins
Protein
Product of the cell, a chain of amino acids
Cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
Endoplasmic Reticulum
transports materials in the cell
Cell Membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell
Cell Wall
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and some bacteria
Chloroplast
an organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthesis occurs
Vacuoles
cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates
Prokaryotic
describes a cell that does not have a nucleus or anyother membrane-covered organelles; also called bacteria.
Eukaryotic
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.