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Arts and Humanities
curley honors US history Chapter 15.1 & 2 quiz
Terms in this set (39)
What is the era of confrontation and competition between the U.S. and the Soviet Union called?
- The Cold War
When did it take place?
What were the big issues with Soviet Union after WWII?
- They wanted to control all countries in between the soviet union and Germany
- They wanted to spread communism.
What were the big issues for the U.S. after WWII?
- They wanted to promote democracy and capitalism, which they believed would lead to prosperity
- They were concerned with economic problems
What is the economic system of capitalism?
- means of productions are privately owned and operated for profit
- distribution, production, and pricing of goods and services are determined by the free market
- associated with personal freedom and civil rights
What is the economic system of communism?
- means of production are owned by government
- in it's ideal form, social classes would be eliminated, there would be no need for government, and everyone would have what they need
What three countries met at Yalta during WWII to discuss the post-war world?
- Great Britain
- Soviet Union
- United States
At Yalta, what was the "Declaration of Liberated Europe" that all three countries agreed to?
- gave people the right to choose their form of government
What was decided about Germany at Yalta?
- temporarily divided into 4 zones to weed out Nazi influence
- eventually the people of Germany would get to choose their own government
Who would control the four zones?
- United States
- Soviet Union
- Great Britain
What was the capital of Germany?
What happened to Berlin?
- Berlin was temporarily split into four zones also
When Truman took office, what big issue concerning Germany did he an Stalin clash over?
What news did Truman give Stalin when they met at the Potsdam conference?
- Truman tells Stalin we have an atomic bomb we might drop on Japan and Stalin feels threatened
It also became clear at Potsdam that the Soviet Union had no intention of uphold the "Declaration of Liberated Europe" agreement. Therefore, in what countries did the Soviet Union set up pro-Soviet/Communist government?
What are satellite nations?
- all eastern European countries were forced to remain communist after WWII due to soviet influence
What did Churchill claim divided Eastern & Western Europe?
- The Iron Curtain
- communism in east
- democracy in west
George Kennan, an American diplomat living in the Soviet Union, wrote a telegram back to the U.S. What did he propose as a way of dealing with communism?
- communism containment
What is containment?
- keeping communism from spreading
What "Doctrine" of the U.S. was our official pledge to aid w/ weapons any country trying to fight Communism, especially in Greece and Turkey at this time?
- Truman Doctrine
What "Plan" of the U.S. pledged to give money to European countries to help them rebuild so they wouldn't be tempted towards Communism?
- Marshall Plan
In 1948, which country refused to merge its portions of Germany with the other Allies in order for Germany to be an independent nation again?
- Soviet Union
Now the two parts of Germany were known as what?
- West and East Germany
When the Soviet Union blocked off West Berlin from receiving supplies from West Germany, how did Truman respond?
- Berlin Airlift
How did the Soviet Union eventually respond to Berlin Airlift?
- opened roads between west Germany and west Berlin
in 1959, the U.S., Canada & other western European nations formed the defense alliance of NATO. What does it stand for?
- North Atlantic Treaty Organization
The Soviet Union responded to NATO by forming its own alliance with eastern European communist countries. What was it called?
- Warsaw Pact
What happened in China in 1949?
- become a communist nation
- make the Soviet Union an ally
- Mao Zedong was the leader
How did the U.S. respond to what happen in China in 1949?
- we pour money into Japan
- make Japan our main ally in Asia
Who controlled Korea during WWII?
In order to dismantle Japanese control over Korea, what did the Soviet Union and the U.S. do for Korea?
- We temporally divide Korea at the 38th parallel
- The Soviet Union set up a pro-communist North Korea government
- The U.S. set up a pro-US South Korea government
The North had temporary Communist government while South had a temporary non-Communist government. What was the eventual intent for these two sides?
- They would hold elections and be one nation again
Who invaded who first in the Koreas?
- North Korea invaded South Korea
Who led troops in South Korea to push back the North?
- Douglas MacArthur
Who came to the aid of North Koreans?
What year was an armistice or cease-fire finally signed between the Koreas?
After this, the U.S. gives money to French imperialists who are trying to take control of an Asia country. By supporting the French, we will keep Communism from spreading. What Asian country were French trying to rule?
List the two ways in which the Korean War was a turning point for the U.S. in the Cold War.
- We built up our military
- Expanded the Cold War beyond Europe to Asia
What are reparations?
- the making of amends for a wrong one has done, by paying money to or otherwise helping those who have been wronged
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