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AP US History Key Terms - Chapter 1
Terms in this set (39)
Stable food supply for the Mayas and Aztecs
Used by Lakota Sioux to hunt instead of farm; made it easier to follow the buffalo across the plains
The Europeans contracted syphilis when they moved. They also imported smallpox and measles, killing millions.
Instituted by the Spanish after seizing the wealth of Indian empires. King of Spain gives grants of land and natives to individual Spaniards.
Spanish brought enslaved people from West Africa under this system. Required them to pay a tax to their king on each slave they brought.
Used slaves to work newly established sugar plantations on the Madeira and Azores islands.
A connection between two land masses, allowing coolonists to explore.
Famous for the large earthen mounds it created. Culture combined hunting and farming. Moved to fresh land frequently because their farming techniques exhausted the soil quickly.
Hokokam, Anasazi, and Pueblos
Groups residing in the dry region. Evolved into multifaceted societies supported by farming with irrigation systems. Lived in caves, under cliffs, and multistory buildings.
Woodland mound builders
Built timber and bark lodgings along rivers.
Tribe that used horses to make it easier to follow the buffaloes.
One of three highly developed civilizations of the native population. Built cities in the rain forests of the Yucatàn Peninsula.
One of three highly developed civilizations of the native population. Based in Peru and developed a vast empire in South America.
One of three highly developed civilizations of the native population. Based in central Mexico and dominated Mexico and Central America.
Explorers and conquerors.
Conquests of the Aztecs in Mexico by him.
Conquests of the Incas in Peru by him.
New Laws of 1542
Laws ending Indian slavery, halted forced Indian labor, and began to end the encomienda system.
Off the coast of North Carolina. Sir Walter Raleigh attempted to establish a settlement there.
Technology advance adopted from aarab merchants who learned it from the Chinese.
Invented in the 1450s and aided the spread of knowledge.
Ferdinand and Isabella
Married in 1469, uniting two of the kingdoms.
0Revolt against the authority of the pope in Rome by certain Christians in Germany, France, England, Holland, and other Northern European countries.
Henry the Navigator
One of many monarchs of the emerging states who relied on trade to bring in needed revenues. Used power to search for riches and spread influence of their version of Christianity.
Explorer whose voyages of exploration finally brought people into contact across the Atlantic in the late 1400s.
Treaty of Tordesillas
Treaty signed in 1494 establishing Portugal's claim to Brazil. Moved pope's line a few degrees west.
In the 15th century, the Portuguese began trading for slaves from West Africa.
Geographical area that can be identified as deriving its political legitimacy from serving as a sovereign nation.
American Indian language spoken in the Northeast
American Indian language spoken on the Great Plains
A famous political union of five independent tribes who lived in the Mohawk Valley of New York. Five tribes were Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Mohawk.
Traditional homes for many Native American farming tribes.
An Italian sea captain who sailed under contract to England's King Henry VII. Explored Newfoundland in 1497.
French claims to American territory were also based on his voyages. Also explored St. Lawrence River extensively.
Samuel de Champlain
Established the first permanent french settlement in America in 1608.
An experienced English sailor hired by the Dutch government to seek westward psssage to Asia through Northern America.
Bartolomé de Las Casas
Advocate for better treatment for Indians despite owning land and slaves in the West Indies. Persuaded king to institute the New Laws of 1542.
Debate in Valladoid, Spain over the role for Indians in the Spanish colonies. Las Casas believed enslaving Indians was not justified and Juan Ginès de Sepúlveda argued they were less than human.
Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda
Argued that Indians were less than human, therefore enslaving them was justified.
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