35 terms

Plants Quiz

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Terms in this set (...)

vascular tissue
Nonvascular plants lack roots, stems, leaves and...
rhizoids
instead of roots, bryophytes have structures called _______ that anchor them to the ground
Xylem and phloem
two types of vascular tissue
Gymnosperms and angiosperms
Seed plants are divided into two groups
Pine, ginkobiloba, cycad
An example of a gymnosperm
cotyledon
The first leaf or leaves of a seeds plant's embryo
xylem
the tissue that moves water upward in vascular plants
phloem
tissue that moves nutrients and sugars in vascular plants
monocots
angiosperms whose embryos have one cotyledon
dicots
angiosperms whose embryos have two cotyledons
moss, livenwort
an example of a nonvascular plant
cuticle
The waterproof covering on a plants leaves
stomata
Gas exchange occurs through small openings on the underside of leaves
guard
cells control the opening of the stomata
herbaceous and woody
two types of stems
capillary action
The movement of water up the xylem tubes in a small plant
transpiration
The movement of water from high concentrations of water to low concentrations of water in large plants
sporophyte
The spore producing generation in a seed plants life cycle
gametophyte
The gamete producing generation in the seed plants life cycle
ovary
develops into a fruit after fertilization in flowering plants
animal
...pollination is more efficient than wind pollination
vegetative reproduction
asexual reproduction in plants
meristanatic
the tissue responsible for continued growth in plants
bryophytes
must live in moist habitats because their sperm cells must swim through water to fertilize eggs
ferns, club mosses, horsetails
an example of a seedless vascular plant
anther and filament
the male reproductive structures of a flower
stigma, ovary, and style
the female reproductive structures of a flower
white willow
the bark of this plant is used to make aspirin
evergreens/gymnosperms
plants that stay green year round
monocot
if a flowering plant has parallel leaf veins, then it is a...
True
monocots have on cotyledon: T or F
True
dicots have netlike leaf veins: T or F
False
the seed plants that we see are in the gametophyte phase: T or F
False
ovules develop into fruits in a flowering plant: T or F
False
cycads are a type of a angiosperms: T of F
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