92 terms

Latin Roots

A root is the basic part of a word; it carries the main meaning and may appear by itself. Roots may be connected to other roots or to prefixes or suffixes. Latin roots come from . . . Latin.
STUDY
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act
to do, drive
ex: interact, compact, extract
ann, enn
year
ex: annual, bicentennial
aqu
water
ex: aquarium, aqueduct
aud
to hear
ex: auditorium, auditor
bell
war
ex: belligerent, bellicose, antebellum
cede
to go, to give up
precede, concede
cent
one hundred
ex: percent, centennial
cept, capt, cip, cap, ceive, ceipt
to take, catch, seize, hold, or receive
ex: conceive, receive, capture
cert
to be sure, to trust
ex: certain, certify
cess, ced
to go, to yield
ex: process, successor, cessation
cid, cis
to cut off, to be brief, to kill
ex: concise, homicide
circ, circum
around
ex: circumstance, circumference
clin
to lean, lie, bend
ex: decline, incline
cog
to think, consider
ex: recognize, cognitive
cor, cord, card
heart
ex: coronary, cardiology
corp
body
ex: corporate, corpse, corporal
cred
to believe, to trust
ex: credit, credible
crit, cris
to separate, judge
ex: criteria, criticism
culp
fault, blame
ex: culprit, culpable
dic, dict
to say, to speak, to assert
ex: contradict, predict
duct, duc
to lead, to draw
ex: conduct, deduce
dur
hard, lasting
ex: duration, durable
ego
I, self
ex: egotistical, egocentric
equ
equal, fair
ex: equation, equator
fac, fic, fect, fact
to make, do
ex: facilitate, affect
fer
to carry, bear, bring
ex: transfer, infer, confer
fin
end, limit
ex: definite, finite, confine
flu
to flow
ex: fluctuations, fluid, fluvial
form
shape
ex: uniform, formula, transform
fort
strong
ex: fortify, fortress
fum
smoke, scent
ex : perfume, fumigate
gen
race, family, kind
ex: generation, gender
grad, gress
step, degree, rank
ex: grade, gradual
grat
pleasing, thankful
ex: grateful, congratulate
grav, griev
heavy
ex: gravity, grieve, grave
hab
to have, to hold, to dwell
ex: habitat, habit, inhabitant
hom
man, human
ex: homicide, homage
init
to begin, enter upon
ex: initial, initiate
jur, jus, judic
law, right, judgment
ex: justify, adjust, judicial
juven
young
ex: juvenile, rejuvenate
laud
praise
ex: laud, laudable
leg
law
ex: legal, legislate
liber
free
ex: liberal, liberate
loc
place
ex: location, allocate, local
manu
hand
ex: manual, manuscript
med, medi
middle
ex: medium, mediate, mediocre
medic
physician, to heal
ex: medical, medicine
memor
mindful, remembering
ex: memorial, memorable, memory, memorize
mon
to remind, advise, warn
ex: monitor, demonstrate
ment
mind
ex: mental, mentality
migr
to move, to travel
ex: immigration, migration
mit, mis
to send
ex: transmit, submit
mort
death
ex: mortal, mortality
mov, mob, mot
to move
ex: remove, mobile, motion
mut
change, exchange
ex: mutate, mutant
nomen, nomin
name, meaning
ex: nominate, synonym
null, nihil, nil
nothing, void
ex: nihilism, nullify
ped
foot
ex: pedestrian, pedestal
pend. pond, pens
to weigh, pay, to consider
ex: compensate, pension, pensive
plur, plus
more
ex: plus, surplus, plural, pluralism
port
to carry
ex: export, transport
pos
to place, put
ex: dispose, impose, expose
pot
powerful
ex: potential, potent
prim, prin
first
ex: primary, prime
reg, rig , rect
to rule, right, straight
ex: regulation, rigid
rupt
to break, burst
ex: disrupt, interrupt, rupture
sacr, secr, sanct
sacred
ex: sacrifice, sanctify
sat, satis
enough
ex: satisfy, satiate
scrib, script
to write
ex: inscribe, subscription
sed, sid , sess
to sit, to settle
ex: sedate, sediment, subside
sent, sens
to feel
ex: sentimental, sense
sequ, secut
to follow, sequence
ex: consequence, sequence, subsequent
sumil, simul, sembl
like
ex: similar, simulation
sol, soli
alone, lonely
ex: solely, isolate
spec, spect, spic
to see, look at , behold
ex: perspective, inspect
spond, spons
to pledge, promise
ex: respond, correspond
tac, tic
silent
ex: tacit, taciturn
ten, tain, tent
to hold
ex: obtain, retain, attain
tend, tens
to stretch, strive
ex: tension, tendon
termin
boundary, limit
ex: terminate, terminal
test
to witness, affirm
ex: attest, testify, testimony, test
tract
to pull, draw
ex: contract, extract, attract
trib
to allot, give
ex: distribute, contribute
vac
empty
ex: evacuate, vacuous
ven, vent
to come
ex: convention, intervene
ver
truth
ex: verify, veracity
veres, vert
to turn
ex: convert, reverse, controversy
via
way, road
ex: via, viaduct
vir
manliness, worth
ex: virile, virtue
vis, vid
to see, look
ex: visible, revision, visual
viv, vit
life
ex: vital, vivacious
voc, vok
voice, call
ex: invoke, vocal, revoke