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sociology deviance and crime
Terms in this set (50)
is behavior that violates expected rules and norms
breaks laws/official rules.
violates customary norms.
punishment for breaking norms, rules, and laws.
such as verbal reprimands
such as being sent to prison
Medicalization of deviance
how society classifies different types of behavior.
is still borderline between illness and criminal
focus on how the behavior and the audiences reactions contribute to the stability of society.
Who criticized the theories that those who commit suicide are mentally deranged.
Three types of suicide
1. Anomic, 2. Altruistic, 3. Egoistic
when normal social regulations break down, or when normal everyday life is disrupted and people live in a state of normlessness.
is suicide committed by people when the disintegrating forces in the society make individuals feel lost or alone.
is when there is excessive regulation of individuals by social forces.
occurs when people feel totally detached from society.
who have lower suicide rates men or women.
Robert Merton, functionalist, (1910-2003)
Who developed the strain theory of deviance.
Three types of deviant behavior
1. Retreatism, 2. Ritualism, 3. Rebellion
neither the goal nor the means are available to select.
the goal is unrealistic and the means are available.
new goals and new means substitute traditional ones.
Social control theory
examines the cultures value systems and peoples attachment-or lack thereof- to the cultures values.
argues that the economic structure of capitalism produces deviance and crime.
White collar crime
wealthy elite will always exploit the poor and working class.
Two perspectives developed to explain deviant behavior.
-Differential Association by Edwin Sutherland
-Labeling Theory by W.I. Thomas
Both of these perspectives originated in the what?
who believed people become criminals when they are more strongly socialized to break the law than to obey it.
when a person is assigned a deviant identity by others, including by agents of social institutions.
deviance refers not just something one does, but something one becomes.
is the definition a person has of himself or herself as a deviant.
are similar to subgroups and countercultures.They maintain their own values, norms, and rewards for behavior.
The schools of thought
who can help us understand the dimensions of race, social class, gender, are also reflected in these forms of behavior
by recognizing mental illness, society upholds normative values about more conforming behavior.
those with limited resources are defined as mentally ill, and get medication; the middle and upper classes get psychotherapy.
mentally ill people are not necessarily "sick," but are the victims of societal reactions to their behavior.
deviant behavior that violates laws.
is the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior.
The Uniform Crime Reports
are based on actual national incident reports made by the police.
are crimes of murder, manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault, plus property crimes of burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft.
(murder, aggravated assault, rape, and robbery)
(burglary, larceny, auto theft, and arson)
include gambling, illegal drug use, and prostitution, in which there is no complainant.
crime committed by structured groups
takes place in and is endorsed by a bureaucracy.
Who are found guilty more often than white defendants.
who have less success with plea bargains.
is a violent action to achieve political ends.
According to Durkheim, _____ is the condition that exists when social regulations in a society break down.
D. Conflict theory
_____ argues that the economic organization of capitalist societies produces deviance and crime.
A.Differential association theory
C.Structural strain theory
A. Deviant Identity
The definition a person has of himself or herself as a deviant is their _____.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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