How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

51 terms

Greek roots

A root is the basic part of a word; it carries the main meaning and may appear by itself. Roots may be connected to other roots or to prefixes or suffixes. Greek roots come from . . . Greek.
STUDY
PLAY
anthropo
human being
ex: anthropology, philanthropic
aster, astro
star
ex: asteroid, astronomy
bio
life
ex:biography, biology
chrom
color
ex: chromatic, chromosome
chrono
time
ex: chronology, chronometer
cosmo
world, order, universe
ex: cosmos, cosmopolitan
crac, crat
rule, govern
ex: aristocrat, democracy
dem
people
ex: demonstrate, epidemic
derm
skin
ex: dermatology, hypodermic
ethno
nation
ex: ethnic, ethnocentric
eu
good, well
ex: euphoric, euphemism
gam
marriage
ex: monogamy, polygamy
geo
earth
ex: geology, geodynamics, geography
gno, kno
to know
ex: knowledge, diagnostic
graph, gram
to write, draw, record
ex: telegraph, telegram
gymno, gymn
athletic
ex: gymnasium, gymnastics
hydro
water
ex: hydrogen, hydroplane, hydration
hypno
sleep
ex: hypnosis, hypnotize
hypo
under, below
ex: hypothesis, hypodermic
logue, logo
idea, word, speech, reason
ex: logic, ideological
meter, metr
measure
ex: parameters, metric
micro
small
ex: microscope, microorganism
mono
one
ex: monogram, monogamy
mor
fool
ex: moron, moronic
morph
form, structure, shape
ex: morphology, metamorphosis
neur, nero
nerve
ex: neural, neurotic, neurology
opt
eye
ex: optic, optician
ortho
straight
ex: orthodontist, orthopedics
pan
all
ex: expansion, pantheism
path
feeling, disease
ex: sympathy, pathologist
phe
speak, spoken about
ex: prophet, euphemistic
phil, philo
love
ex: philosophy, philanthropist
phob
fear
ex: phobia, claustrophobia
phon
sound,voice
ex: telephone, phonograph, phonetics
photo
light
ex: photosynthesis, photography
pneu
breath
ex: pneumonia, pneumatic
polis, polit
citizen, city, state
ex: political, metropolitan
poly
many
ex: polygamy, polytechnic
pseudo
false
ex: pseudo, pseudonym
psych
mind, soul, spirit
ex: psychic, psychology
pyr
fire
ex: pyromania, pyrotechnic
scope
to see
ex: scope, telescope
soph
wise
ex: philosophy, sophisticated
sym, syn
together
ex: symbolic, synthesize
techn
art, skill
ex: technical, technology
tele
at a distance
ex: telescope, telephone
the, them, thet
to place, put
ex: hypothesis, epithet
thea, theatr
to see, view
ex: theater, theatrical
theo
God
ex: theory, theology
therm
heat
ex: thermometer, thermal
mim
copy
ex: mimic, mime