34 terms

9 Honors Literature Terms 58-91

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archetype
universal narrative designs, character types, or images which are identifiable in a wide variety of works of literature, that are recognizable to and that evoke a response from the reader.
character
any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended verbal representation. The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they day (dialogue) and what they do (action)
flashback
a method of narration in which present action is temporarily interrupted so that the reader can witness a past events - usually in the form of a character's memory
foreshadowing
suggesting, hinting, indicating, or showing what will occur later in a narrative. Foreshadowing often provides hints about what will happen next.
incident
the component parts within the actions of a plot
motivation
the incentives or goals that, in combination with the inherent natures of the characters, cause them to behave as they do. In poor fiction actions may be unmotivated, insufficiently motivated, or implausibly motivated.
narrative voice
the "voice" that speaks or tells a story. Some stories are written in a first-person point of view, in which the narrator's voice is that of the point-of-view character.
point of view
the way a story gets told and who tells it. It is the method of narration that determines the position, or angle of vision, from which the story unfolds. _____________ governs the reader's access to the story.
first person POV
the narrator speaks as "I" and the narrator is a character in the story who may or may not influence events within it.
objective POV
When the narrator reports speech and action but never comments on the thoughts of other characters
omniscient POV
a narrator who knows everything that needs to be known about the agents and events in the story, and is free to move at will in time and place, and who has privileged access to a character's thoughts, feelings, and motives.
limited POV
a narrator who is confined to what is experienced, thought, or felt by a single character, or at most, a limited number of characters.
third person POV
the narrator seems to be someone standing outside the story who refers to all the characters by name or as he, she, they, and so on.
theme
a central idea or statement that unifies and controls the entire work. The theme can take the form of a brief and meaningful insight or a comprehensive vision of life; it may be a single idea such as "progress," "order and duty," "seize-the-day," or "jealousy." A theme is the author's way of communicating and sharing ideas, perceptions, and feelings with readers, and it may be directly stated in a book, or it may only be implied.
allusion
a casual reference in literature to a person, place, event, or another passage of literature, often without explicit identification. Allusions can originate in mythology, biblical references, literature, historical events, or legends. authors often use allusion to establish a tone, create an implied association, contrast two objects or people, make and unusual juxtaposition of references, or bring the reader into a world of experience outside the limitations of the story itself.
apostrophe
is the act of addressing some abstraction or personification that is not physically present. An __________is an example of a rhetorical trope.
euphemism
a mild word or phrase which substitutes for another which would be undesirable because it is too direct, unpleasant, or offensive.
hyperbole/overstatement
the trope of exaggeration or overstatement for effect
metaphor
a comparison or analogy stated in such a way as to imply that one object is another one, figuratively speaking.
motif
a conspicuous recurring element, such as a type of incident, a device, a reference, or verbal formula, which appears frequently in works of literature.
onomatopoeia
the use of sounds that are like the noise they represent for a rhetorical or artistic effect.
personification
the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form. a trope in which abstractions
simile
an analogy or comparison implied by using an adverb such as like or as, in contrast with another metaphor which figuratively makes the comparison by stating outright that one thing is another thing.
symbol
word, place, character, or object that means something beyond what it is on a literal level
understatement
form of meiosis using a negative statement; wildly exaggerating something for effect
arugumentation
rhetorical mode that functions by convincing or persuading an audience or by proving or refuting a point of view or an issue
description
mode of discourse that depicts images verbally in space and time and arranges those images in a logical pattern, such as spatial or by association. It is aimed at bringing something to life by telling how it looks, sounds, tastes, smells, feels, or acts.
exposition
Mode of discourse that has a function to inform or to instruct or to present ideas and general truths objectively. It can incorporate any of the following organizational patterns: comparison; contrast; cause and effect; classification; division; definition
narration
The mode of discourse that tells a story or relates an event. It organizes the events or actions in time or relates them in space. _____generally tells what happened, when it happened, and where it happened.
genre
a type or category of literature or film marked by certain shared features or conventions. The three broadest categories of genre include poetry, drama, and fiction.
novel
a fictional prose work of substantial length. The _______narrates the actions of characters who are entirely the invention of the author and who are placed in an imaginary setting.
novella
a work of fiction intermediate in length and complexity between a short story and a novel.
prose
any material that is not written in a regular meter like poetry
verse
There are three general meanings for ________(1) a line of metrical writing, (2) a stanza, or (3) any composition written in meter.