15 terms

skin

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What is the biggest thing to remember about impetigo?
Impetigo is a CONTAGEOUS skin disorder and the person needs to wash ALL linens and dishes seperate from the family. They also need to wash their hands frequently and avoid contact.
what does impetigo look like? what causes it?
A bacterial infection of the skin, caused by streptococci or staphylococci and marked by yellow to red, weeping and crusted or pustular lesions, esp. around the nose, mouth, and cheeks or on the extremities.
periorbital edema sign of complication of?
periorbital edema sign of complication with impetigo (indicate glomernephritis)
what is clotrimazole used for?
clotrimazole-antifungal; treats rashes.
Name some diseases antifungals tx?
Treatment of a variety of cutaneous fungal infections, including cutaneous candidiasis, tinea pedis (athlete's foot), tinea cruris (jock itch), tinea corporis (ringworm), tinea versicolor, seborrheic dermatitis, dandruff, and onychomycosis of fingernails and toes.
what is Buck's traction?
A method of producing traction by applying regular or flannel-backed adhesive tape to the skin and keeping it in smooth close contact by circular bandaging of the part to which it is applied.

The adhesive strips are aligned with the long axis of the arm or leg, the superior ends being about 1 in. (2.5 cm) from the fracture site. Weights sufficient to produce the required extension are fastened to the inferior end of the adhesive strips by a rope that is run over a pulley to permit free motion. SYN: Buck's traction
What is the difference bw a partial thickness burn and a full thickness burn?
parial thickness burns=blisters...... full thickness-charred, waxy
In PKU what food should be avoided? What can the baby have?
PKU- no nuts, meats, dry beans, eggs, dairy (basically no protein stuff) give specially prepared formula to baby because they can digest this protein well
What is the main tx for burn pts? How often should you check them on this?
Treat burn pt with fluid replacement therapy;Check hourly to make sure you are not overloading them with CVP= measures the right atrial pressure.
What is a sign of SLE (lupus). What should people with lupus avoid?
systemic lupus erythematosus- butterfly rash on nose and cheek. avoid sunlight
Skin infections- think VCHIPS
SKIN INFECTIONS
VCHIPS
V - varicella zoster
C - cutaneous diphtheria
H - herpez simplex
I - impetigo
P - pediculosis
S - scabies
-Private room or cohort
Gloves
Gown
Lyme's disease is transmitted by?
ticks found on deer and mice in wooded areas
Client with disseminated herpes zoster (shingles) =>what precations?
AIRBORNE precautions
ABCDEs of malignant melanoma:
A = Asymmetry;
B = Border;
C = Color;
D = Diameter;
E = Elevation
what is the nurses priority for a pt after they receives a skin graft?
Nurses' priority intervention after a patient receives a skin graft is to prevent movement of the graft.
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