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18.2 - Failures (Pentagon Papers, Watergate, Iran, Three Mile Island)
Terms in this set (32)
Daniel Ellsberg and Anthony Russo
Analysts who helped write the Pentagon Papers report and released it to the press.
A group of criminals that worked for the Nixon reelection team. They tried to prevent leaks of secret information that might hurt the president, but their ineptitude ultimately led to Nixon's resignation.
Democratic candidate for president in 1972. He was anti-war, but lost in one of the most lopsided elections in American history.
Committee to Re-Elect the President (CREEP)
Group that worked to fundraise for Nixon's reelection campaign and used underhanded and illegal methods to hurt his opponents.
G. Gordon Liddy
Lawyer for CREEP and aid in the Nixon White House. He planned the Watergate break in.
Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein
Young reporters working for the Washington Post who uncovered much of the Watergate cover-up.
Pseudonym for Mark Felt, Associate FBI Director who met secretly with Woodward and Bernstein and gave them information about the Watergate cover-up.
John Dean, H.R. Halderman, John Ehrlichman and John Mitchell
Aids to Nixon who lost their jobs and went to jail because of their involvement in the Watergate cover-up.
Special prosecutor appointed by Nixon to investigate the Watergate affair.
Minor White House official who revealed that there were secret recordings of Nixon's conversations and telephone calls.
Vice President who became president after Nixon Resigned in 1974. He lost the 1976 presidential election to Jimmy Carter.
Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini
Religious leader who led the Iranian Revolution and became the first leader of the theocracy.
"I'm not a crook"
Famous claim by Nixon to the press during the Watergate Scandal.
The Constitutional process of removing an elected official or judge. In the case of a president, the House of Representatives serves as the prosecutors and the Senate as the jury.
Obstruction of Justice
Charge that an official uses his or her authority to prevent investigation of a crime.
A system of government based on a particular religion in which religious leaders hold power in government.
A movement to end the use of nuclear power for electricity production. Despite the fact that nuclear power produces almost no pollution, activists feared the potential for catastrophic accidents.
The name for all of the crimes, investigations and ultimate resignation of President Nixon associated with the Watergate break-in and subsequent cover-up.
Hearings in 1973 in which the Senate tried to uncover the extent of the Watergate cover-up.
Saturday Night Massacre
Nickname for the day Nixon forced the resignation of his Attorney General and the firing of Archibald Cox. The event led many Americans to believe that Nixon was trying to hide his own wrongdoing.
Nixon resigned the presidency on August 9, 1974. He was replaced by Vice President Gerald Ford.
Pardon of Nixon
President Gerald Ford pardoned Nixon for any and all crimes associated with the Watergate Scandal. This ended the possibility of an investigation and trial of the former president.
Overthrow of the Shah of Iran in 1979 and establishment of the Islamic Republic.
Iranian Hostage Crisis
The 444-day holding of 52 Americans by the new revolutionary government of Iran.
Operation Eagle Claw
Failed attempt to rescue the American hostages from Iran. The mission embarrassed the military and President Carter.
Office complex and hotel in Washington, DC. It was the location of the Democratic National Committee's offices during the 1972 presidential election.
Three Mile Island
Nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania, and site of a nuclear meltdown in 1979.
Nuclear power plant in the Soviet Union (Ukraine) that melted down in 1986, released large amounts of nuclear radiation.
The Pentagon Papers
Nickname for at secret report about the Vietnam War. It was released to the public and showed that the government and military had deceived the public about the progress of the war.
New York Times Co. v. United States
1971 Supreme Court case that granted the press wide latitude in publishing classified documents with the purpose of informing the public about government activities.
United States v. Nixon
1974 Supreme Court case in which the court decided that the president could not claim executive privilege to hide evidence such as the recordings of his conversations.
Constitutional amendment providing a method for replacing the Vice President.
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