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great time of scientific discovery, use of reason, people and govts. can solve every social, political, and economic reasons through reason.
most controversial philosophe, thought that community is more important than the individual, comes up with social contract
restricting access to ideas and information from people, burning of books and banning books
informal social gatherings at which writers, artists, philosophes, and others exchanged ideas
absolute rulers who used their power to bring about political and social changes
Frederick the Great of Prussia
made freedom of religion, king who brings Voltaire to Prussia, drained swamps, gave peasants seed and tools to make crops
Catherine the Great of Russia
empress that expanded her empire, praised Voltaire, exchanged letters with Voltaire & Diderot, granted nobles a character of rights
Joseph 2 of Austria
"The peasant emperor", travelled in disguise to learn problems, created hospitals, abolished serfdom
grand complex style of art, huge colorful paintings, full of excitement, Greek/Roman tradition 1600s
profolic composer that wrote over 600 pieces of music, 1762 6 year progidy, composed operas, symponies & religious music, died in poverty
political party, backed policies of Glorious Revolution, Religious toleration, Favored parliament over the crown
often called Britain's first prime-minister, molded cabinet into a unified body, Whig leader
wanted to end Whig domination, dissolve cabinet, and recover powers, 60 year reign, King of England during American revolution
group of representatives from each colony that decided what action to take against Great Britain
Battle of Saratoga
turning point of American Revolution, American victory that persuaded France to join war, 1777
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