130 terms

Medical Terminology

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Cardio
Heart
Tonsillitis
Inflammation of tonsils
itis
inflammation
Tonsillectomy
surgical removal of the tonsils
ectomy
surgical removal
ac
Pertaining To
osis
abnormal condition
gastrosis
any disease of the stomach
cyano
blue
cyanosis
bluish discoloration of the skin, associated with poor circulation, lack of oxygen
erytho
referring to red
erythocytes
red blood cells
leuko
white
leukocytes
White blood cells
melano
black
melanosis
any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in different parts of the body
polio
a viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord; grey
pathology
study of disease
ology
study of
patho
disease
algia
pain and suffering
fibromyalgia
pain and aching in joints and generally all over the body
gastralgia
pain in the stomach
gastr
stomach
dynia
pain
malacia
abnormal softening
arteriomalacia
the abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries
megaly
Enlargement
hepato
refers to the liver
aeromegaly
A disorder that occurs in adults due to a hypersecretion of GH Growth Hormone and is characterized by bone growth in areas with non ossified cartilage: jaws, lips, ears, nose and the diaphysis (shaft) of the hand and foot bones.
necrosis
rotting
arterionecrosis
rotting of an artery
sclerosis
abnormal hardening
stenosis
narrowing
centisis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
graphy
process of producing a picture or record
angio
blood vessel
angiogenesis
the formation of new blood vessels
angiogram
a record obtained by angiography
plasty
surgical repair
rhinoplasty
surgical repair of the nose
rhino
pertaining to nose
scopy
Visual examination
arthroscopy
visual examination of a joint
rrhage & rrhagia
means bleeding
hemorrhage
flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels
rraphy
suture of; sewing up a gap or defect
myorraphy
is the surgical suturing of a muscle wound
myo
muscle
rhea
flow or discharge
diarhea
frequent flow of loose or watery stools
rrhexis
rupture
natal
pertaining to birth
ab
away from
abnormal
away from normal
dys
bad, difficult, painful
hyper
excessive, increased
hypertension
high blood pressure
inter
between
intra
inside
sub
under, less, below
costal
Pertaining to the rib
ad
toward or in the direction of
adduction
MOVEMENT TOWARD THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY
eu
well, good, normal
euthyroid
Normal thyroid function
hypo
deficient, decreased
hypotension
low blood pressure
super or supra
above excessive
arterio
artery
athero
plaque, fatty substance
arthro
joint
ostomy
surgical procedure that creates an artificial opening for the elimination of bodily wastes
otomy
surgical incision
fissure
groove or crack-like break in the skin
fistula
abnormal passage between two organs
ileum
the last and longest portion of the small intestine
ilium
largest hip bone
sign
objective evidence of disease (fever)
symptom
subjective evidence of a disease (pain or headache)
syndrom
set of signs and symptoms that occur together as a specific disease process
diagnosis
identification of disease
prognosis
probable outcome for treatment of disease
acute
rapid onset, severe course, short duration
chronic
reoccurring or long term
remission
temporary, partial or complete disappearance of symptoms
disease
condition in which one or more body parts are not functioning normally
eponym (EP)
disease, structure, operation or procedure named for the person who discovered it or described it
infection
invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism
pathogenic
disease causing
inflammation
localize response to injury. Involves: swelling, redness, warm to the touch; pain and disturbance of function
edema
Swelling
hyperthermia
high temperature
hypothermia
Low body temperature
laceration
a jagged cut, tear, or wound
incision
clean cut
lesion
a pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury
mucous
membranes that line the body's tracts
mucus
snot
mycosis
fungul infection or disease
myelopathy
pathological disease of bone or spinal cord
myel
spinal cord, bone marrow
opathy
disease
myopathy
any change in muscle tissue due to disease
ologist
specialist
ology
study of
palpation
to examine by touch
palpitation
pounding or racing in the heart
prostate
small, pinky size gland at the lower end of the males rectum
prostrate
lay flat
pyelo
renal pelvis
pyo
Pus
pyro
heat
supination
act of rotating the hand; palm is facing forward or upward
suppuration
accumulation of pus in the body cavity
triage
medical screening of patients
trauma
wound or injury
viral
pertaining to virus
virile
having nature, properties and qualities of an adult male
I.M.
Intra muscular
PA, Pa, Path
Pathology
Prog, Progn, Prx, Px
Prognosis
aplasia
defective development or absence of tissue or organ
a
without
plasia
formation
hypoplasia
incomplete development of an organ or tissue
anaplasia
change in the structure of cells and the orientation to each other
dysplasia
abnormal development of cells, tissues or organs
hyperplasia
enlargement of an organ or tissue
hypertrophy
increasing in the bulk of an organ, tissue, body part