How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

67 terms

Tissue Types, Membranes, and Cell Parts

STUDY
PLAY
Squamous
protection (roof); composes skin; lines hollow organs; can be either simple or stratified; broad, flat, and irregular; epithelial
Cuboidal
lines glands, secretes; either simple or stratified; vascular to secrete in blood; cube shaped; epithelial
Columnar
ciliated cells, secretes mucous, lines glands, respritory, urinary, reproductive, absorb; simple or stratified; vascular to absorb in blood; rectangular cubes, epithelial
pseudostratified
lines bladder and uterus; single layer; random positioning of the nucleus; vascular, insensitive; combination of cell types; only epithelium that will stretch.
aerolar
supports for cells, fills in spaces, repairs injury, cleans up debris, immune response, loosest tissue, (packing peanuts), loose connective tissue
adipose
stores energy, fat, "bubble wrap", protection, padding, stored between skin and muscle and around organs; loose connective tissue
reticular
fills in spaces between tissues and in organs, "packing peanuts", loose connective tissue
regular dense connective tissue
cartilage (elastic, hyaline, and fibrocartilage), ligaments, and tendons; tough, strong; insensetive, avascular; composed of elastin and collagin; dense connective tissue type
irregular dense connective tissue
muscle coverings, dermis, skin (deep layer), somewhat vascular, insensetive, composed of elastin and collagin, dense connective tissue type
hyaline cartilage
found at joints; fairly inflexible, dense, avascular, insensetive, soft; dense connective tissue
fibrocartilage
found between vertebrae (discs); strong, dense; dense connective tissue
elastic
nose, ears; flexible, firm, strongest, never stops growing; dense connective tissue
compact bone
makes up middle of long bones and covering of flat bones; heavy, dense, brittle, highly vascular, supportive; bone tissue type
spongy
found at ends of long bones and in the center of flat bones; light, flexible; bone tissue type
blood
carries O2 and Co2, fights disease, triggers clot formation; (red, white, and platelets); type of the only liquid tissue type
lymph
fights disease; contains clotting proteins; white cells only; type of the only liquid tissue type
smooth
involuntary, not striated, strongest contraction, wavelike motion; walls of hollow organs; protein fibers
cardiac
involuntary, striated, cells contract simultaneously; walls of heart; protein fibers
skeletal
voluntary, striated, strong contraction; attached to bones; moves the skeleton, protein fibers
gray matter
brain, spinal cord; connect sensory and motor neurons in brain and spinal cord; conducts nerve impulses
white matter
brain, spinal cord; conduct impulses to the brain from the body and to the body from the brain; conducts nerve impulses
sensory neurons
brings stimuli from the body to the CNS; conducts nerve impulses
motor neurons
carries responses from CNS to the body; conducts nerve impulses
glial cells
support cells; insulates and connects blood supply; conducts nerve impulses
epithelial
small matrix, directly or indirectly on contact with the outside world; protect, secrete, or absorb; simple or stratified
connective
can be either loose, dense, osseous or vascular
muscle
protein fibers tissues
nervous tissue
conducts nerve impulses
loose connective
fills in and supports
dense connective
composed of elastin and collagin; either regular or irregular
bone
osseous connective tissue; either compact or spongy
vascular connective
only liquid tissue
exocrine
type of gland attached to an organ or cavity through a tube or duct; live close to work; many make enzymes
endocrine
secrete their products directly into blood; make hormones; can live far away from workplace
loose
forms protective capsules around organs that don't stretch much
dense regular
found in tendons, which attach skeletal muscle to bones
dense regular
found in elastic ligaments which attach bones to each other
dense irregular
deeper part of skin
adipose
full of large fat cells, stores excess carbs and proteins; richly vascular
cartilage
intercellular material, solid yet pliable, resists compression; structural models for vertebrate embryo bones; maintains shape of nose, outer ear, and other body parts; cushions joints
blood
derived mainly from connective tissue; has transport functions; circulating within plasma are a great many red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets
skeletal
contractile cells of ____ muscle tissue taper at both ends
striated
means "striped"
skeletal
which is not connective? bone, blood, cartilage, or skeletal?
epithelial
gland cells are contained in ___ tissues
connective
blood is considered to be a ____ tissue
smooth
muscle that's not striped and is involuntary is:
proteins
most membrane functions are carried out by:
smooth ER
free of ribosomes and curves through the cytoplasm like connecting pipes and is the main site of lipid synthesis.
nucleus, cell membrane, and cytoplasm
3 main parts to a cell
nucleus
the blueprint for all the protein the cell makes
rough ER
functions as the cell's internal transport system
ribosome
a ____ produces proteins
lysosomes
these digest bacteria and other foreign substances that may enter the cell
nervous
this tissue type functions in impulse conduction
epithelial
lines the stomach and small intestine
epithelial
lines the mouth
muscular
functions in contraction
connective
blood is classified as this type of tissue
epithelial
protection, absorption, and secretion
connective
cartilage is this tissue type
muscular
striated or smooth types
connective
includes adipose
heart
striated involuntary muscle is found in the:
osseous
concentric rings of cells can be found in this tissue type:
connetive
dermis is primarily composed of this tissue type
lipids
most of adipose's volume contains: