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the disorientation that people experience when they come in contact with fundamentally different cultures
a system of symbols that can be combined in an infinite number of ways and can represent not only objects but abstract thoughts
the values and related behaviors of a group that distinguish its members from the larger culture; a world within a world
a group who's values, beliefs, and related behaviors place its members in opposition to the broader culture
a groups way of thinking (beliefs, values, and other assumptions about the world)
the use of one's own culture as a yard stick for judging the ways of other individuals and society
the standards by which people define what is desirable or undesirable, good or bad, beautiful or ugly
a reward or positive reaction for following norms, ranging from a smile to a prize
an expression of disapproval for breaking a norm; ranging from a frown to a prison sentence
the process by which cultures become similar to one another; especially the US culture which is being exported and diffused into other nations
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