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80 terms

Test 1

First test of semester includes history, legal and ethical issues and professionalism
STUDY
PLAY
accountability (def.)
active acceptance of the responsibility for the diverse roles, obligations, and actions of the physical therapist including self-regulations and other behaviors that positively influence pationt/client outcomes, the profession and the health needs of society
Alturism (def.)
the primary regard for or devotion to the interest of patients/clients, thus assuming the fiduciary responsibility of placing the needs of the pt. ct ahead of the PT self interest
Compassion (def.)
the desire to identify with or sense something of another's experience; a precursor to caring.
Caring (def.)
the concern, empathy, and consideration of the needs and values of others
Excellence (def.)
PT practice that consistently uses current knowledge and theory while understanding personal limits, integrates judgment and the pt/ct perspective, embraces advancement, challenges mediocrity, and works toward development of new knowledge.
Integrity (def.)
is the possession of and steadfast adherence to high ethical principles or professional standards.
Professional Duty (def.)
the commitment to meeting one's obligations to provide effective physical therapy services to individual pt/ct, to serve the profession and to positively influence the health of society.
Social Responsibility (def.)
the promotion of a mutual trust between the profession and the larger public that necessitates responding to societal needs for health and wellness
accountability (example)
i. Accepting consequences
ii. Assuming responsibility for learning and change
iii. Responding to pt's needs/goals
Altruism (example)
i. Placing pt's needs above your own
ii. Providing pro-bono services
iii. Providing services to underserviced/underrepresented populations
Compassion/Caring (example)
i. Understanding individuals perspective
ii. Advocate for pt's needs
iii. Recognizing and refraining for acting on one's own biases
Excellence (example)
i. Pursuing new evidence to expand knowledge
ii. Sharing knowledge with others
iii. Engaging in acquisition of new knowledge throughout professional career
Integrity (example)
i. Abiding by the rules regulations and laws applicableto the rprofession
ii. Knowing one's limits and acting accordingly
iii. Being trustworthy
Professional Duty (example)
i. Promote profession of PT
ii. Taking pride in profession
iii. Mentoring others to realize their potential
Social Responsibility (example)
i. Promoting community volunteerism
ii. Participating in political activism
iii. Providing leadership in community
Virtue
Right/wrong, good bad, value choices, preference in regard to correct human behavior
Teleological
Consequence oriented, right/wrong based on outcomes or predicted outcomes -life consciousness, pleasure, satisfaction, happiness, truth,
Deontological
Duty oriented, intrinsic nature rather than situation or consequences. Universal application, unconditional, demands action, people treated as ends not means
Divine Command
Given by god, golden rule, 10 commandments
Ethical dilemma
When 2 or more moral reasons come into conflict and it is not obvious to those involved what should be done
4 components of a profession
Commitment to public good, advanced expertise and education, independent judgment, social organization and recognition
Respect inherent dignity and rights of all individuals
Respectful toward each person, recognize personal biases and not discriminate
Trustworthy and compassionate in addressing the rights and needs of pt.
Act in best interest of pt over that of PTA, provide interventions w/ compassion/caring incorporation individual/cultural differences, provide pt with info regarding interventions, provide only appropriate medical info to authorized people
Makes sound decisions in collaborations with PT and w/I laws and regs.
Objective decisions in pts best interest, guided by info @ best practice, decisions based on level of competence and consistent with pt values, not engage in conflicts of interest, work under direction/supervision of PT
Demonstrate integrity in there relationships w/ pts., families, colleagues ect...
Provide truthful, accurate, relevant info, no misleading representations, shall not exploit pts, discourage misconduct and report illegal/unethical acts, report suspected abuse, not engage in sexual acts w/ pts, supervisors or students, shall not harass anyone in any means
Fulfill their legal and ethical obligations
Comply with applicable regs and laws, ensure quality care and promote safety, abide by accepted standards governing protection of research participants, encourage colleagues to seek help for impairments that may adversely impact their professional responsibilities to seek assistance, report info about colleagues unable to perform responsibilities with reasonable skill/safety
Enhance their competence through lifelong acquisition and refinement of knowledge, skills, abilities
Achieve and maintain clinical competence, lifelong learning, support proactive environments that support career development,
Support organizational behaviors and business practices that benefit pts and society
Promote work environments that support ethical/accountable decision-making, not accept gifts, disclose any $ interest they have in products or services recommended to pts, ensure proper documentation, refrain from employment arrangements that prevent fulfilling ethical obligations to pts
Participate in efforts to meet the health needs of people locally, natlly, glbly
Support organizations that meet health needs of the disadvantaged, un/underinsured, advocate for people w/ disabilities, avoid over/underutilization of PT services, educate members of public of benefits of PT
cultural competence
Ability to think and behave in ways that enable a member of one culture to work effectively w/ members of another culture
some common differences in cultures
Timeliness, language, pain, religion, touch and elderly family members
Race
Genetic commonality
Ethnicity
Group of people with common cultural beliefs
Commitment to learning (example)
i. Identifies problems
ii. Prioritizes information
iii. Applies new information
Interpersonal Skills (example)
i. Demonstartes interest in pt.
ii. Recognizes impact of non-verbal commnication
iii. Works effectively with difficult pts.
Communications skills (example)
i. Uses correct grammar
ii. Initiates communication in difficult situatioins
iii. Modifies communication to meet needs of different audiences
Effective use of time and resources (example)
i. Completes assignments in timely fashion
ii. Demonstrates flexability
iii. Has ability to say "no"
Use of Constructive Feedback (example)
i. Accepts criticism w/o defensiveness
ii. Developes plan of action in response to feedback
iii. Seeks feedback from clients
Problem solving (example)
i. States problems clearly
ii. Identifies contributors to problem
iii. Implements solutions
Professionalism (example)
i. Abides by APTA code of Ethics
ii. Identifies positive professional role models
iii. Demonstrates accountability for professional decisions
Responsibility (example)
i. Demonstrates dependability
ii. Acceps responsibility for actions and outcomes
iii. Encourages patient accountability
Critical thinking (example)
i. Raises relevant questions
ii. Formulates new ideas
iii. Exhibits openness to contradictory ideas
Stress management (example)
i. Recongnises stressors or problems
ii. Balances professional and personal life
iii. Prioritizes multiple commitments
Commitment to learning (def)
Ability to self assess,correct and direct. Identify needs, source of learning and new knowledge and understanding
Interpersonal Skills (def)
Ability to interact effectively with pts., families, colleagues, professionals and community to deal effectively with cultural/ethic diversity issues
Communications skills (def)
Abiliity to communicate effectively for varied audiences and purposes
Effective use of time and resources (def)
ability to prioritize tasks, complete tasks in reasonable amount of time and balance personal/professional life
Use of Constructive Feedback (def)
the ability to identify sources and seek out , use and provide feedback for improving personal interaction.
Problem solving (def)
ability to recognize/define problems, analyze data, develop/implement solutions, and evaluate outcomes
Professionalism (def)
ability to exhibit appropriate professional conduct and to represent profession effectively
Responsibility (def)
. ability to fulfill commitments and to be accountable for actions and outcomes.
Critical thinking (def)
ability to question logically, identify,generate and evaluate elements of logical argument, to recognize and differentiate facts/ illusions, assumption/hidden assumptions, relevant/irrelevant
Stress management (def)
ability to identify sources of stress and to develop effective coping behaviors
Health conditions
Diseases, disorders, injuries
Body function
Physiological functions of body systems
Body structure
Anatomic parts of body
Impairments
Problems in function or structure, significatnt deviation or loss
Activities
Execution of tasks, actions by individual
Activites limitation
Difficulties individual has executing activities
Participation
Involvement in life situation
Participation restrictions
Problems experienced in life situations
Environmental factors
Situations which lives are led
Personal Factors
Background, not part of health condition
an act established by the federal government
HIPPA
What law does ADA establish
Discrimination against disabled person in hiring process
Family medical leave act provides what
If employed for 1 year or more and need to take a leave of absence b/c of medical condition, you are entitled to return to a comparable position
act involves information on blood born pathogens
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
agencies that provide accreditation standards
JACHO, CORF, APTA commission of Accreditation
complaints heard in Civil Law cases
TORTs, brought by an individual against another, usually awards are monitary
is involved in Criminal law
Criminal statutes of state of federal government, can be misdemeanor or felony.
TORT
Civil liability for patient physical or mental injuries including intentional assult/ battery
Quasi-Tort
injury to one's reputation or privacy occurs
some examples of malpractive liability
Abandonment, sexual assult or misconduct, false improsonment, fraud, intentional infliction of emotional distress
must be shown in order to bring a lawsuit of professional negligence
Special duty owed by provider, violation of that duty, causation resulting in injury, damages
Primary liability
Fault of the practitioner
Vicarious liability
were aware of situation, knew or should have known it was wrong and did not stop it
Risk Management
Safety programs, safety inspections, peer review, liability awareness
Elements of documentation
Authentication, date, time, pt. status report, changes in clinical status, ID specific elements of each intervention provided (frequency, intensity), equipment provided to pt, and response to treatment
Incident Report
Required documentation of injury, fall, or adverse reaction.
Sentinel Event
unexpected occurrence involving death or serious physical or psychological injury, or the risk thereof. Serious injury specifically includes loss of limb or function.