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35 terms

Human Behavior Test 2 (Learning)

STUDY
PLAY
stimulus
something that produces a reaction
response
reaction to any kind of stimulus
conditioning
learning through the pairing of different stimuli
classical conditioning
simple form of learning in which one stimulus comes to call forth the response of something (natural-bodily response)
Ivan Pavlov
trained dogs to associate one thing with another (lab coat to food) and trained rats to go through maze
taste aversion
a learned avoidance of a particular food
unconditioned stimulus
automatic reaction that is not learned
unconditioned response
automatic bodily reaction to something
conditioned response
learned response to a previously neutral response
conditioned stimulus
stimulus that becomes learned, is taught
extinction
when a conditioned stimulus no longer produces the same response (when a song you once loved grows old)
spontaneous recovery
when an extinct response comes back from the same stimuli (fav song comes back)
generalization
act of responding the same way to stimuli that seems similar
discrimination
act of responding differently to stimuli that are not similar
flooding
when you expose someone to a harmless stimuli until a fear disppears (type of conditioning)
systematic desensitization
when people are taught relaxation techniques to overcome a fear
systematic desensitization
when people are taught relaxation techniques to overcome a fear or stress
counterconditioning
a pleasant stimulus is paired with a fearful stimulus to over come a fear (replaces the fear)
bell and pad method
teaches children to wake up and respond to bladder tension (peeing the bed)
operant conditioning
when people learn to do and not to do certain things
B.F. Skinner
preformed a bird experiment using pos. reinforement
reinforement
process by which a stimulus increases the chances that a behavior will be repeated or not repeated (positive or negative)
primary reinforcers
most basic needs of a person that are needed to survive (food shelter warmth)
secondary reinforcers
must be learned or aquired by being paired with established reinforcers (learn something is good/bad)
punishment
-teaches correct behavior
-stay consistent
-dont do severely
-can create anger/hostility
-can teach more wrong behavior
-not doing this can be effective too
schedule of reinforcement
when and how reinforcement occurs (continuous or partial)
continuous reinforcement
reinforcement happens all the time
partial reinforcement
reinforcement that only happens part of the time
interval schedule reinforcement
fixed amount of time must go by before reinforement occurs
variable interval schedule reinforcement
varying amount of time passes between reinforment (pop quizzes)
shaping
using steps to do something (operant conditioning)
program learning
can use complex tasks to achieve several behaviors (advanced shaping)
latent learning
learning that remains hidden until needed
observational learning
learning things by observing behavior
PQ4Rs
Preview: look over material

Question: ask a general question to make you critically think

Read: read material to answer your question

Reflect: bring back old info to learn new info

Recite: use methods (songs) to recite info to remember

Review: helps you remember
-distributed: over time
-massed: cramming info at once