20 terms

U.S. History Causes of the Civil War

CIVIL WAR 4L History/Geography-Civil War Study Guide Matching-Politicians, Legislation, Government, etc. -Missouri Compromise (where could slavery not extend to) -Fugitive Slave Act (what did it say? Compromise of 1850) -Popular Sovereignty (what does this mean) -Dred Scott (why was he suing for freedom?) -Uncle Tom's Cabin (what is this?) -South Carolina (what did the state do in December 1860?) -Secessionists (what did these people believe?) -Jefferson Davis (who was he?)…
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Terms in this set (...)

Fugitive Slave Act
One part of the Compromise of 1850, this law stated that escaped slaves must be returned to masters even if they were in the North, and set harsh punishments for those assisting runaway slaves.
Popular Sovereignty
Let the people decide by State, on whether slavery should be allowed in territories through voting.
Dred Scott
He was a slave who was taken to free territory. He sued for his freedom and the Supreme Court declared that slaves are property, not people.
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America, in the south 1861 - 1865.
Abraham Lincoln
President of the U.S., 1861-1865
Ft. Sumter
April 12th, 1861- Confederate soldiers firing on this fort initiated the Civil War.
Compromise of 1850
Law passed that gave North and South part of what they wanted. California admitted as free state, slave trade abolished in DC, and new fugitive slave law passed; advocated by Henry Clay and Stephen A. Douglas
Kansas-Nebraska Act
1854 - Douglas: Created Nebraska (north) and Kansas (south) as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty. North disliked the Act and Southerners loved it.
John Brown
Abolitionist involved in violence in Kansas. In 1859, he led a raid of a government arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, with the intention of arming slaves and starting a revolt. He became a hero of the abolitionists in the Civil War. Brown was considered a matryr by some and a madman by others.
Election of 1860
Abraham Lincoln, the Republican candidate, won because the Democratic party in the South was split over slavery. As a result, the South no longer felt like it had a voice in politics and a 11 states seceded from the Union.
Harriet Beacher Stowe
The author of the book Uncle Toms Cabin that persuaded people to want to end slavery.
Stephen Douglas
The "Little Giant." He proposed the Kansas - Nebraska Act and the idea of popular sovereignty to decide the issue of slavery in the territories. He also had a series of famous debates when he defeated Abraham Lincoln for Senate in 1858 in Illinois.
Henry Clay
Proposed the Compromise of 1850 to prevent conflict between North and South - the last of "great compromise" of his political career.
Charles Sumner
Massachusetts Senator...beaten nearly to death on the floor of the U.S. Senate by Preston Brooks after speaking out against slavery.
Roger B. Taney
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court when Dred Scott decision was made.
Martyr
A person who dies for a cause or belief.
Republican Party
Political party formed in 1854. Its main goal was to stop the spread of slavery.
"Bleeding Kansas"
(1856) a series of violent fights between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas who had moved to Kansas to try to influence the decision of whether or not Kansas would a slave state or a free state.
Harper's Ferry
John Brown's scheme to invade the South with armed slaves, backed by sponsoring, northern abolitionists; seized the federal arsenal; Brown and remnants were caught by Robert E. Lee and the US Marines; Brown was hanged
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Series of 1858 Senate debates...Lincoln forced Douglas to debate issue of slavery, Douglas supported popular sovereignty. Lincoln asserted that slavery should not spread to territories, Lincoln lost to Douglas, but emerged as strong Republican candidate.

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