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45 terms

Geography and Map Skills

Geographic Vocabulary
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globe
a sphere on which a map (especially of the earth) is represented
grid
a network of horizontal and vertical lines that provide coordinates for locating points on an image
latitude
an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
equator
an imaginary line around the Earth forming the great circle that is equidistant(equal distances) from the north and south poles
parallels
lines that run east and west, horizontally and never touch or cross; latitude lines are parallels
degrees
used to measure temperature, latitude, longitude, right ascsension, and declination
minutes
There are 60 of these in 1 degree
longitude
imaginary lines that pass through the Poles
prime meridian
The middle line of longitude, measuring 0 and dividing the globe into E / W hemispheres.
meridians
another name for lines of longitude
hemispheres
Sections of the Earth divided by the Equator and Prime Meridian (Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western)
continents
One of the principal land masses of the earth, usually regarded as including Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America.
islands
bodies of land surrounded by water
ocean
A large body of salt water that surrounds a continent covers 2/3 of earth
map
a flat diagram of all or part of Earth's serface
map projections
a way of representing the spherical Earth on a flat surface
compass rose
A tool on a map showing cardinal (N,E,S,W) and intermediate (NE,SE,NW,SW) directions.
scale
give distances in miles and kilometers
legend
explains what the symbols on a map represent
plateau
a large, flat, elevated, area of land
desert
an extremely dry area with little water and few plants
oasis
an area in the desert with a water source
glacier
a large area of slow-moving ice
mountain
an area of rugged land that generally rises higher than 2,00 feet
valley
an area of low land between hills or mountains
canyon
a deep, narrow valley with steep walls
dune
a hill of sand shaped by wind
hill
a rounded, elevated area of land smaller than a mountain
plain
a nearly flat area
volcano
an opening in the Earth's crust where lava, ash, and gases erupt
coast
an area of land near the ocean
forest
an area of densely wooded land
lake
an inland body of water
river
a natural flow of water that runs through the land
wetlands
an area of land covered by shallow water
sinkhole
a circular depression formed when the roof of a cave collapses
strait
a narrow body of water connecting two larger bodies of water
island
an area of land surrounded entirely by water
delta
an area where a river deposits soil into the ocean
isthmus
a narrow piece of land connecting two larger land areas
gulf
a large part of the ocean that extends into land
ocean
a large body of water
coral reef
an ocean ridge made up of skeletal remains of tiny sea animals
bay
part of a large body of water that is smaller than a gulf
peninsula
an area of land that sticks out into a lake or ocean