AP Psychology Chapter 15: Abnormal Behavior Vocabulary
Terms in this set (47)
Behavior which is statistically unusual, maladaptive, and personally distressing to the individual.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV)
Manual used by mental health professionals for classifying psychological disorders; published by the American Psychiatric Association.
A feeling of impending doom or disaster from a specific or unknown source that is characterized by mood symptoms of tension, agitation, and apprehension; bodily symptoms of sweating, muscular tension, and increased heart rate and blood pressure; as well as cognitive symptoms of worry, rumination, and distractibility.
Unpredictable attacks of acute anxiety
accompanied by high levels of physiological arousal that last from a few seconds to a few hours.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
An anxiety disorder characterized by persistent, pervasive feelings of
doom for at least six months not associated with a particular object or situation.
Intense, irrational fear responses to specific stimuli.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Recurrent, unwanted thoughts or ideas and compelling urges to engage in repetitive ritual-like behavior.
An involuntary recurring thought, idea, or image.
An irresistible impulse to repeat some
action over and over although it serves no useful purpose.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
An anxiety disorder in which the individual has feelings of social withdrawal accompanied by atypically low
levels of emotion caused by prolonged exposure to a stressor, such as a catastrophe; may experience flashbacks and nightmares.
A mental disorder involving a bodily or physical problem for which there is no
Somatoform disorder characterized by recurrent complaints about usually vague and unverifiable medical conditions such as dizziness, heart palpitations, and nausea which do not apparently result from any physical cause.
A somatoform disorder involving the actual loss of bodily function, such as blindness, paralysis, and numbness, due to excessive anxiety with no physiological cause.
A somatoform disorder involving
persistent and excessive worry about developing a serious illness.
Class of disorders in which traumatic events or unpleasant memories cause a
massive repression of these into the unconscious mind.
Repression of memory for a particularly troublesome event or period of time
into the unconscious mind; characterized by the inability to remember important events or personal information.
Sometimes called the "traveling
amnesiac" disorder, in which a person moves away and assumes a new identity, with amnesia for the previous identity.
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
Formerly known as multiple personality disorder, a rarely seen dissociative
disorder in which two or more distinct personalities exist within the same person.
Affective disorders characterized by
significant shifts or disturbances in mood that affect normal perception, thought, and behavior; depression and bipolar disorders.
Major Depressive Disorder
Persistent and severe feelings of sadness (dysphoria) and worthlessness accompanied by changes in appetite, sleeping, and behavior.
Seasonal Affective Disorder
A mood disorder characterized by depression, lethargy, sleep disturbances,
and craving for carbohydrates; generally
occurs during the winter, when the amount of daylight is low, and is sometimes treated with exposure to bright lights.
A mood disorder characterized by
extreme mood swings from unusual excitement to serious depression.
The feeling of futility and passive resignation that results from inability to
avoid repeated aversive events.
A serious mental disorder characterized
by thought disturbances, hallucinations, anxiety, emotional withdrawal, and delusions.
Set of disorders including schizophrenia
characterized by an apparent break from reality.
False belief that others are plotting against one, that one is famous or that one's thoughts and actions are controlled by others; symptomatic of schizophrenia and sometimes depression.
Perceptual experiences that occur in the absence of external stimulation of the corresponding sensory organ; characteristic of schizophrenia and some drug states.
A type of schizophrenia characterized primarily by disturbances of thought and inappropriate affect—silly behavior or absence of emotions.
A form of schizophrenia in which the person suffers from delusions of persecution, grandeur, reference, or control.
A psychotic disorder characterized by bizarre motor behavior which sometimes takes the form of an immobile stupor and waxy flexibility.
Undifferentiated or Simple Schizophrenia
Simple schizophrenia characterized by fragments of the symptoms of other, different types of schizophrenia.
Chronic, maladaptive thought and behavior patterns that are troublesome to others, harmful, or illegal.
Pervasive, unwarranted suspiciousness and mistrust; overly sensitive; often envious (more common in males).
Poor capacity for forming social relationships; shy, withdrawn behavior; considered "cold" (more common in males).
Odd thinking; often suspicious and hostile.
Excessively dramatic; seeking attention and tending to overreact; egocentric (more common in females).
Unrealistically self-important; manipulative; lacking empathy; expects special treatment; can't take criticism (more common in males).
Emotionally unstable; impulsive; unpredictable; irritable; prone to boredom (more common in females).
Used to be called sociopaths or psychopaths. Violate other people's rights without guilt or remorse. Manipulative, exploitive, self-indulgent, irresponsible; can be charming. Commit disproportionate number of violent crimes (more common in males).
Excessively sensitive to potential rejection, humiliation; desires acceptance but is socially withdrawn.
Excessively lacking in self-confidence; subordinates own needs; allows others to make all decisions (more common in females).
Usually preoccupied with rules, schedules, details; extremely conventional; serious; emotionally insensitive.
A form of mental retardation that develops in some children after they have progressed normally for the first 3 or 4 years of life. Onset of the mental deterioration usually begins with a vague viral infection or other similar disease symptoms.
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
A disorder in which the individual is unable to focus attention for a normal length of time, and often shows an elevated level of activity.
An early-onset developmental disorder
characterized by markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction, communication, and the restricted repertoire of activity and
Eating disorder more common in the adolescent female characterized by weight less than 85% of normal, abnormally restrictive food consumption, and an unrealistic body image that she is still fat.
An eating disorder characterized by a pattern of eating binges involving intake of thousands of calories, followed by purging either by vomiting or using laxatives.