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44 terms

Short Story Literary Terms

STUDY
PLAY
plot
design and ordering of events in a narrative or dramatic work
characters
person, animal, etc. depicted in a narrative or dramatic work
characterization (indirect)
implied from what others say about the character
characterization (direct)
information provided by narrator about character(s)
setting
time and/or place of a story
theme
central idea or message in a work of literature
climax
moment when interest and emotional intensity reach their highest point
point of view
who is telling the story
1st person point of view
story is told by one of the characters who uses pronount "I" or "we" and who participates in much of the action
3rd person limited point of view
events are related through the eyes of one character
3rd person objective point of view
events related through the eyes of objective observer who offers no opinions or interpretations of charcters' thoughts
3rd person ominiscient point of view
narrator is all knowing; can see into the minds of all characters
conflict
struggle between opposing forces which is the basis of the plot in the story
internal conflict
struggle within a character
external conflict
character struggles with an outside force; man against man; man against nature; man against animal, etc.
rising action
part of the plot in which complications develop and the conflict intensifies, bulding up to the climax of the story
mood
feeling or atmosphere the writer creates for the reader; how the story makes the reader feel
tone
attitude a writer takes towards his/her subject
denouement
shows the results of the major events and ties up loose ends
exposition
provides background information necesary to understand teh characters and their actions.
falling action
shows the results of the major events and ties up loose ends (same as denouement)
resolution
same as falling action or denouement
voice
a writer's unique use of language that allows the reader to see his/her personality through the writer's words
style
way in which a piece of literature is written
fiction
narrative that springs from the imagination of the writer
nonfiction
prose writing about real people, places, and/or events
short story
a work of fiction that can be read in one sitting
genre
a type of literature
prose
type of language not organized according to a regular metrical principle or pattern
protagonist
the main character of a story
antagonist
the chief opponent of the main character
foil
a character who provides a striking contrast to another character
metaphor
an implied ccomparison between two things that have something in common
simile
a comparison between two things that are unlike but which have somthing in common. A simile uses "like" or "as" in the comparison
personification
giving inanimate objects human characteristics
flashback
returning to an event or something that was said or done prior to the beginning of the story
foreshadowing
hints or clues as to events that are to occur in the story
irony
contrast in what is expected and what actually happens
symbol
a person, place, or object that represents something beyond itself
connotation
emotional response evoked by a word; suggest word meaining
denotation
literal or dictionary meaning of a word
dialogue
written conversation between two or more persons
imagery
use of the senses to create images
allusion
an indirect reference to a historical or literary person, place, thing, or event which it is assumed the reader is familiar