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Terms in this set (30)
Factors push them out of the old world and other factors also pull them to the new world
Uprooted Model of Immigration
Handlin - Idea of alienation; definite break between old world and new world; sense of loss; victims of larger forces
Transplanted Model of Immigration
There is a continuity between old world and new world; "radical attempt to conserve"; aren't passive victims; chain migration; ethnicity
Rational Actor Theory
immigrants weren't helpless victims but made rational choices based upon what they knew
-Benedict Anderson; "nation" is a socially constructed community and it's an idea that keeps people loyal to the government
American national identity: ideological v. ascriptive
Ideological Citizenship is that you are a citizen based upon a shared ideology but ascriptive are the traits people use to describe you (race, gender, ethnicity)
Crevecoeur, "What is an American?"
Naturalization Act of 1790
Residency requirement of 2 years and you could naturalize but it was restricted to free white person but a man of any class.
All persons born in the United States are citizens
If you have one drop of black blood in you than you are black
Someone who immigrates to a country for a short time to work and make money and then go back to their home country
money migrant send back to family and friends in their home coutnries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy in many poorer coutnries
A party hosted by the families. They said their good-byes and mourned what everyone knew would be a permanent separation
This was the famine that occurred in Ireland that killed of thousands of people because the main potato crop could not grow because of bad soil that year
An anti-foreign feeling that arose in the 1840's and 1850's in response to the influx of Irish and German Catholics; A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
The Know-Nothing Party
..., An American, nativist, political movement that was empowered by popular fears that the U.S. was being overwhelmed by German and Irish Catholic immigrants. Although they had little success, their goal was to curb immigration and naturalization.
Belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race
Protestant population feared that Catholic immigrants threatened the American way of government; weren't capable of republicanism because were loyal to Church first; Priests/clergy were corrupt and would sway things their way
wrote Awful Disclosures of the Hotel Dieu Nunnery in Montreal - rekindled anti-Catholic hysteria. Her book was supposed to a be a true story, but it was all a lie
Name Chinese immigrants gave to CA because of opportunity they found to work and make money.
Chinese indentured servants whose condition was close to slavery.
The immigration station on the west coast where Asian immigrants, mostly Chinese gained admission to the U.S. at San Francisco Bay. Between 1910 and 1940, 50k Chinese immigrants entered here. Questioning and conditions were much harsher than Ellis Island in New York.
Chinese Exclusion Act
First major law restricting immigration to the United States; supposed to be for 10 years but was renewed 9 times and made permanent in 1902; had loopholes for merchants and diplomats
Chinese Laundry Men
In mining communities there are no women to do laundry so men start doing it and the Chinese men do; didn't need too many supplies, not expensive start up, marketable and portable skill, always laundry to do; played into the stereotype, seen in the cartoons
sparked by influx of Chinese laborers during gold rush. Seen as parasitic. foreign miners in California forced to pay extra tax: fell heavily on Chinese workers. Victims of jim crow type segregation.
(1875) Not allowing Chinese women into the country, based on the assumption that many were prostitutes and pollute racial purity of America
U.S. v. Wong Kim Ark (1898)
Supreme Court ruled in favor of Chinese born Americans, felt that they could not strip them of citizenship because of 14th Amendment
1. Racialization of certain immigrants as permanently alien and/or inferior on the basis of race, class, culture, or gender
2. Controlling migrants
3. Protecting National Security
Started as the gold Rush
Bret Harte, "The Heathen Chinese"
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