AP Human Geography Unit 4 - Political Organization of Space
Terms in this set (79)
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
Binational or Multinational State
State that contains more than one nation (usually no one single dominant ethnic group)
Invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory
An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
A force that divides people and countries
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
Place directly controlled by a mother country.
A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly
A system consisting of a league of independent states, each having essentially sovereign powers. The central government created by such a league has only limited powers over the states.
The portion of a country, like a capital city, that contains its economic, political, intellectual, and cultural focus.
An invisible boundary made by the certain cultural beliefs and traits that make the culture
A disagreement over the possession/control of land between two or more states, or over the possession or control of land
The study of the geographical elements of the organization and results of elections.
A state with a long narrow shape
A distinct region or community enclosed within a larger territory
A part of a country that is separated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.
An international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
Government systems that divide the powers between the national government and state or provincial governments
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
A zone far from the core of a territory that is difficult to control, and/or claimed by another state.
Political boundaries that are defined and delimited by straight lines, sometimes along lines of latitude or longitude
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
How states interact with each other in the political landscape
Hypothesis that any political power (land-based) based in the heart of Eurasia could gain enough strength to eventually dominate the world.
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
State surrounded by other land with no direct outlet to the sea
Lines made to distribute water ways when states are within 200 miles of each other
A state or territory that is small in both size and population.
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
A country who's population share a common identity.
A state that completely surrounds another
Boundary defined by a physical land mark like a river or a lake
Father of modern political geography, he created the Organic Theory
Nicholas Spykman's theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia (sea-based) would provided the base for world conquest.
Five permanent members( US, UK, France, China, USSR) with veto power in the UN. Promised to carry out UN decisions with their own forces.
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
A nationality that is not represented by a state.
A politically organized territory that is administered by a sovereign government and is recognized by the international community.
Organization of three or more states to promote shared objectives.
In political geography, a country's or more local community's sense of property and attachment toward its territory, as expressed by its determination to keep it inviolable and strongly defended.
A state in which most political power exists at the national level, with limited local authority.
By far the largest city in a state, with no other rival core areas
The policy of a state wishing to incorporate within itself territory inhabited by people who have ethnic or linguistic links with the country but that lies within a neighboring state.
Intense feeling of pride in one's nationality - not necessarily one's country
A region with instability because it is located between two very different regions (Eastern Europe)
Independent countries which are controlled by another country (Eastern European countries during the Cold War)
Capital city built to achieve a national goal
Process of transferring political power from the central government to subnational levels of government along regional lines (like Britain granting Scotland the ability to form a Parliament)
Economy of centralized planning and and state ownership
Another name for a cultural boundary
Outlying area from a core or central area
Move toward democracy by nations of the world
States or Nations arguing about where the border actually is.
Dispute over natural resources.
Disputes over policies along the border and how the border should be run.
A basic type of devolution or decentralization that involves the economics of a country.
A basic type of devolution or decentralization that involves ethnicity and a well-developed sense of belonging to the same culture.
European Monetary Union
Economic or Monetary side of the European Union.
Divisions based on ethnic or cultural identities.
Growing commonalities among world nations.
The leadership and institutions that make policy decisions for a country.
Process that encourages states to pool their sovereignty in order to gain political, economic and social clout.
Boundaries within a nation state that may be physical, cultural, or geometric.
Economy based on supply and demand and the "marketplace".
The state's re-creation of a market in which property, labor, goods, and services function in a competitive environment to determine value.
Rearranging districts to allow a minority representative to be elected.
Type of economy that have freedom in the market place but also some governmental control or regulation. Most economies today fall into this category.
Policy that determines the money supply of a nation state.
A state with multiple cores.
A group of people bound together by a common political identity.
The study of the political organization of the planet.
The collection of political beliefs, values, parties, and institutions that the government is based on.
Politicization of religion
The use of religion to promote political ends and vice versa.
The transfer of state-owned property to private ownership.
Movement where nationalities within a country demand independence.
Force of devolution that most often occurs on the margins of the state.
Term that describes the shapes, sizes, and relative locations of states.
Third Wave of Democratization
Third time in history that nations have sought to become some form of a democracy.
Three spheres of authority for the European Union. They include Trade, justice and home affairs, and common foreign and security policy.