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Terms in this set (44)

1. Behavioural contort - actively stepping up and doing something to reduce the impact of a stressful situation or prevent its reoccurrence (problem-focused coping)
- RELATED TO CHANGING THE PROBLEM
- better at reducing stress than avoidance-oriented coping - avoiding an action to solve our problems or giving up hope

2. Cognitive control - think differently about negative emotions that arise in response to stressful events (includes emotion-focused coping)
- "what are you feeling and why"
- RELATED TO CHANGING HOW WE THINK ABOUT THE PROBLEM RATHER THAN THE PROBLEM ITSELF
- can be more effective in reducing stress than problem-focused coping in certain situations that you can;t change or avoid

3. Decisional control - choose among different/alternative courses of action
- when we have more of an ability to choose and people to help us choose, it reduces the stress surrounding making the decision

4. Informational control - ability to acquire info about a stressful event; the more we know, the less stressed we will be since we feel more prepared
- eg. Knowing test questions
- proactive coping - anticipation of problems and stressful events that promotes effective coping (like preparing and minimizing difficulties before they arise)

5. Emotional control - ability to suppress and express emotions
- journalling (expression of emotions) has been shown in some studies to have modest positive effects in academic, social, cognitive, and physical health domains (Pennebaker)
- more effective if you write about deeper thoughts and traumatic experiences rather than superficial things
- may be times when its best to conceal emotions (nervousness for a speech for example)