5 Written questions
3 Matching questions
- a The basic components of emotion are
A. sympathetic arousal, parasympathetic inhibition, and cognitive labeling.
B. physical gestures, facial expressions, and psychological drives.
C. expressive behaviors, physiological arousal, and conscious experience.
D. cognition, affect, and behavior.
- b It has been suggested that baring the teeth is universally associated with the expression of anger because this ability to convey threats has helped humans to survive. This suggestion best illustrates the
A. evolutionary perspective.
B. relative deprivation principle.
C. two-factor theory.
D. adaptation-level phenomenon.
- c Continuing to operate a fuel-inefficient car despite warnings about the effect of greenhouse gases best illustrates the dynamics of
A. social loafing.
B. a social trap.
C. the fundamental attribution error.
D. the mere exposure effect.
5 Multiple choice questions
- The person-situation controversy involves a debate regarding the influence of ________ and ________ on behavior.
A. self-concept; self-esteem
B. optimism; pessimism
C. environments; traits
D. the real self; the ideal self
- If you mimic another person's facial expressions of emotion, you probably will feel increasing empathy for that person. This is best explained in terms of
A. the catharsis hypothesis.
B. relative deprivation.
C. the James-Lange theory.
D. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
- When 68-year-old Mrs. Blake had a flat tire on a fairly isolated highway, she received help from a passerby in less than 10 minutes. One year later, when she had a flat tire on a busy freeway, an hour elapsed before someone finally stopped to offer assistance. Mrs. Blake's experience best illustrates
A. the fundamental attribution error.
B. the mere exposure effect.
C. group polarization.
D. the bystander effect.
- A conflict in which both participants can benefit by cooperating with each other has been represented as a
A. social facilitation.
B. mere exposure effect.
C. non-zero-sum game.
D. just-world phenomenon.
- People experience a mood shift when they switch from taking short shuffling steps to taking long strides and swinging their arms by their sides. This best illustrates
A. the adaptation-level phenomenon.
B. the spillover effect.
C. the behavior feedback phenomenon.
D. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
5 True/False questions
A → In Milgram's obedience experiments, "teachers" were MOST likely to deliver high levels of shock when
A. the experimenter was perceived to be an ordinary college student like themselves.
B. the "learner" was placed in a different room from the "teacher."
C. they saw that other "learners" disobeyed the experimenter.
D. they saw how "learners" who disobeyed the experimenter were punished.
C → According to the James-Lange theory, we experience emotion ________ we notice our physiological arousal. According to the Cannon-Bard theory, we experience emotion ________ we become physiologically aroused.
A. before; before
B. before; after
C. after; at the same time as
D. at the same time as; after
D → The tendency to accept favorable descriptions of one's personality that could really be applied to almost anyone is known as
A. the Barnum effect.
C. the spotlight effect.
D. unconditional positive regard.
B → Your book reports that people who are high in agreeableness tend to use positive emotion words in text messaging. Which of the following can be accurately concluded from this finding?
A. That agreeableness causes positive emotions.
B. That highly agreeable people tend to text more than others.
C. That personality is the cause of behavior.
D. That use of positive emotion words in texts are associated with the trait of agreeableness.
A → Social loafing is MOST likely to occur among
A. audience members who are asked to applaud after a speaker is introduced.
B. factory workers paid on the basis of individual level of productivity.
C. a group of runners competing for first place in a race.
D. students who are each assigned a different topic for their course term papers.