5 Written questions
4 Matching questions
- a Cameron, a 50-year-old electrician, opens his pay envelope and, to his surprise, finds a pink slip inside indicating that he has been fired from his job. Which phase of the general adaptation syndrome is Cameron most likely experiencing?
B. alarm reaction
- b Social loafing is MOST likely to occur among
A. audience members who are asked to applaud after a speaker is introduced.
B. factory workers paid on the basis of individual level of productivity.
C. a group of runners competing for first place in a race.
D. students who are each assigned a different topic for their course term papers.
- c Your book reports that people who are high in agreeableness tend to use positive emotion words in text messaging. Which of the following can be accurately concluded from this finding?
A. That agreeableness causes positive emotions.
B. That highly agreeable people tend to text more than others.
C. That personality is the cause of behavior.
D. That use of positive emotion words in texts are associated with the trait of agreeableness.
- d Most recent participants reported feeling more happy than sad after rubberbands secured to the sides of their faces were stretched over the tops of their heads. Their reactions best illustrated
A. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
B. the adaptation-level principle.
C. the facial feedback effect.
D. the spillover effect.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Students judged an averaged, composite face as
A. less attractive than most individual faces because the averaged face was less symmetrical.
B. more attractive than most individual faces because the averaged face was more symmetrical.
C. less attractive than most individual faces because the averaged face was more symmetrical.
D. more attractive than most individual faces because the averaged face was less symmetrical.
- People experience a mood shift when they switch from taking short shuffling steps to taking long strides and swinging their arms by their sides. This best illustrates
A. the adaptation-level phenomenon.
B. the spillover effect.
C. the behavior feedback phenomenon.
D. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
- As you are waiting to be interviewed for a job, your heart rate, body temperature, and breathing rate begin to increase. These physiological changes are produced by activation of the ________ nervous system.
- Which of the following BEST explains why stress heightens vulnerability to bacterial and viral infections?
A. Stress hormones accelerate the "hardening" of the arteries.
B. Stress hormones facilitate the depositing of cholesterol and fat around the heart.
C. Stress hormones suppress the production of lymphocytes.
D. Stress hormones trigger the release of carcinogens.
- A loss of perceived control tends to result in
A. low blood pressure.
B. reduced immune responses.
C. problem-focused coping.
D. low blood sugar levels.
5 True/False questions
C → At a conscious level, Aaron doesn't think he's prejudiced. Yet he automatically feels uncomfortable in situations where he has to interact with people of different races from his own. Aaron's experience best illustrates the distinction between
A. equity and self-disclosure.
B. situational and dispositional attributions.
C. explicit and implicit attitudes.
D. normative and informational social influence.
D → The fundamental attribution error refers to our tendency to underestimate the impact of ________ and to overestimate the impact of ________ in explaining the behavior of others.
A. normative influences; informational influences
B. informational influences; normative influences
C. personal dispositions; situational influences
D. situational influences; personal dispositions
B → After receiving very bad news, people ________ the duration of their negative emotions.
B. accurately estimate
C. slightly underestimate
D. radically underestimate
C → Which of the following would be the best advice to give parents who are concerned about the frequent aggressive outbursts of their 6-year-old son?
A. "Make a point of rewarding and praising your son whenever he is socially cooperative and altruistic."
B. "Be consistent in spanking your child after every outburst so he'll realize that aggression never pays."
C. "Encourage your son to watch the devastating consequences of violence portrayed on TV."
D. "Don't be concerned about your child's aggressiveness, unless the behavior pattern continues beyond the fifth grade."
D → Reduced feelings of tension following aggressive outbursts contribute to
A. spontaneous remission.
B. adaptation-level phenomenon.
C. the spillover effect.
D. the reinforcement of aggression.