5 Written questions
3 Matching questions
- a Most recent participants reported feeling more happy than sad after rubberbands secured to the sides of their faces were stretched over the tops of their heads. Their reactions best illustrated
A. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
B. the adaptation-level principle.
C. the facial feedback effect.
D. the spillover effect.
- b Which of the following would be the best advice to give parents who are concerned about the frequent aggressive outbursts of their 6-year-old son?
A. "Make a point of rewarding and praising your son whenever he is socially cooperative and altruistic."
B. "Be consistent in spanking your child after every outburst so he'll realize that aggression never pays."
C. "Encourage your son to watch the devastating consequences of violence portrayed on TV."
D. "Don't be concerned about your child's aggressiveness, unless the behavior pattern continues beyond the fifth grade."
- c Your book reports that people who are high in agreeableness tend to use positive emotion words in text messaging. Which of the following can be accurately concluded from this finding?
A. That agreeableness causes positive emotions.
B. That highly agreeable people tend to text more than others.
C. That personality is the cause of behavior.
D. That use of positive emotion words in texts are associated with the trait of agreeableness.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Volunteers who participated in an eight-week course of meditation training exhibited increased levels of the ______ activity associated with positive emotions.
A. left hemisphere
B. right hemisphere
C. somatic nervous system
D. autonomic nervous system
- Continuing to operate a fuel-inefficient car despite warnings about the effect of greenhouse gases best illustrates the dynamics of
A. social loafing.
B. a social trap.
C. the fundamental attribution error.
D. the mere exposure effect.
- Professor Wang is a member of the faculty committee on academic standards. Other committee members want to begin accepting students with below-average grades. Professor Wang personally disagrees, but he will probably vote in favor of their plan if
A. the other committee members are all in favor of the plan.
B. he states his personal opinion early in the committee's discussion.
C. the committee votes by private ballot.
D. he has a high level of self-esteem.
- Lymphocytes are
A. harmful agents such as chemicals and viruses that cross the placenta from mother to fetus.
B. stress hormones produced by the sympathetic nervous system.
C. cancer cells that form in the lymph glands.
D. white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system.
- At a conscious level, Aaron doesn't think he's prejudiced. Yet he automatically feels uncomfortable in situations where he has to interact with people of different races from his own. Aaron's experience best illustrates the distinction between
A. equity and self-disclosure.
B. situational and dispositional attributions.
C. explicit and implicit attitudes.
D. normative and informational social influence.
5 True/False questions
C → Which of the following BEST explains why stress heightens vulnerability to bacterial and viral infections?
A. Stress hormones accelerate the "hardening" of the arteries.
B. Stress hormones facilitate the depositing of cholesterol and fat around the heart.
C. Stress hormones suppress the production of lymphocytes.
D. Stress hormones trigger the release of carcinogens.
C → According to the James-Lange theory, we experience emotion ________ we notice our physiological arousal. According to the Cannon-Bard theory, we experience emotion ________ we become physiologically aroused.
A. before; before
B. before; after
C. after; at the same time as
D. at the same time as; after
D → A Harvard School of Public Health research team studied 1306 initially healthy men over a 10-year period. They found that ________ were more than twice as likely as ________ to develop heart disease.
A. introverts; extraverts
B. married men; single men
C. Type B personalities; Type A personalities
D. pessimists; optimists
A → An eagerness to believe that victims of a natural disaster are being punished by God for their sins is best explained in terms of
B. ingroup bias.
C. the bystander effect.
D. the just-world phenomenon.
B → Your book reports that research shows that "University men who spent the most hours playing violent video games tended to be the most physically aggressive" (p. 605). Which of the statements below is an appropriate conclusion based on this finding alone?
A.People shouldn't play any video games at all because they lead to aggression.
B.This study does not demonstrate that playing violent video games causes aggression, because other factors could account for both involvement in violent video games and aggressive behavior.
C.This study shows that playing lots of violent video games causes aggressive behavior.
D.Girls aren't aggressive because they don't play violent video games.