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5 Written questions

2 Matching questions

  1. D
  2. C
  1. a A Harvard School of Public Health research team studied 1306 initially healthy men over a 10-year period. They found that ________ were more than twice as likely as ________ to develop heart disease.
    A. introverts; extraverts
    B. married men; single men
    C. Type B personalities; Type A personalities
    D. pessimists; optimists
  2. b Overestimating the extent to which others notice and evaluate our appearance and performance is called
    A. external locus of control.
    B. self-serving bias.
    C. the spotlight effect.
    D. fixation.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. If one were to generalize from Sherif's study of conflict resolution between two groups of campers, the best way for the United States and China to improve their relationship would be to
    A. hold highly publicized athletic contests between the two countries.
    B. minimize their trade and economic exchanges.
    C. conduct a joint space program designed to land humans on Mars.
    D. allow citizens of each country the right to freely immigrate to the other country.
  2. An eagerness to believe that victims of a natural disaster are being punished by God for their sins is best explained in terms of
    A. deindividuation.
    B. ingroup bias.
    C. the bystander effect.
    D. the just-world phenomenon.
  3. Students judged an averaged, composite face as
    A. less attractive than most individual faces because the averaged face was less symmetrical.
    B. more attractive than most individual faces because the averaged face was more symmetrical.
    C. less attractive than most individual faces because the averaged face was more symmetrical.
    D. more attractive than most individual faces because the averaged face was less symmetrical.
  4. Your book reports that people who are high in agreeableness tend to use positive emotion words in text messaging. Which of the following can be accurately concluded from this finding?
    A. That agreeableness causes positive emotions.
    B. That highly agreeable people tend to text more than others.
    C. That personality is the cause of behavior.
    D. That use of positive emotion words in texts are associated with the trait of agreeableness.
  5. Social loafing is MOST likely to occur among
    A. audience members who are asked to applaud after a speaker is introduced.
    B. factory workers paid on the basis of individual level of productivity.
    C. a group of runners competing for first place in a race.
    D. students who are each assigned a different topic for their course term papers.

5 True/False questions

  1. AA person who is careless and disorganized most clearly ranks low on the Big Five trait dimension of
    A. neuroticism.
    B. extraversion.
    C. openness.
    D. conscientiousness.


  2. BProfessor Wang is a member of the faculty committee on academic standards. Other committee members want to begin accepting students with below-average grades. Professor Wang personally disagrees, but he will probably vote in favor of their plan if
    A. the other committee members are all in favor of the plan.
    B. he states his personal opinion early in the committee's discussion.
    C. the committee votes by private ballot.
    D. he has a high level of self-esteem.


  3. BComedy routines that are mildly amusing to people in an uncrowded room seem funnier in a densely packed room. This is best explained in terms of
    A. the mere exposure effect.
    B. social facilitation.
    C. the bystander effect.
    D. ingroup bias.


  4. CThe tendency to accept favorable descriptions of one's personality that could really be applied to almost anyone is known as
    A. the Barnum effect.
    B. projection.
    C. the spotlight effect.
    D. unconditional positive regard.


  5. CAs you are waiting to be interviewed for a job, your heart rate, body temperature, and breathing rate begin to increase. These physiological changes are produced by activation of the ________ nervous system.
    A. parasympathetic
    B. sympathetic
    C. somatic
    D. central