5 Written questions
3 Matching questions
- a Research on stressful life events indicates that
A. those who live a relatively peaceful, monastic life actually suffer a higher-than-average rate of heart attacks.
B. those who have been recently widowed, fired, or divorced are more vulnerable to disease.
C. survivors of a natural disaster are immunized against stress and have fewer long-term health problems.
D. all of these statements are true.
- b Sasha believes that the questions on school tests are so unrelated to course work that studying is useless. Sasha's belief most clearly illustrates
A. reciprocal determinism.
B. the false consensus effect.
C. an external locus of control.
D. the spotlight effect.
- c The tendency to accept favorable descriptions of one's personality that could really be applied to almost anyone is known as
A. the Barnum effect.
C. the spotlight effect.
D. unconditional positive regard.
5 Multiple choice questions
- People experience a mood shift when they switch from taking short shuffling steps to taking long strides and swinging their arms by their sides. This best illustrates
A. the adaptation-level phenomenon.
B. the spillover effect.
C. the behavior feedback phenomenon.
D. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
- Which of the following BEST explains why stress heightens vulnerability to bacterial and viral infections?
A. Stress hormones accelerate the "hardening" of the arteries.
B. Stress hormones facilitate the depositing of cholesterol and fat around the heart.
C. Stress hormones suppress the production of lymphocytes.
D. Stress hormones trigger the release of carcinogens.
- The Y chromosome is the most well-known genetic marker identifying those who are most likely to
A. form stereotypes.
B. engage in aggression.
C. experience cognitive dissonance.
D. commit the fundamental attribution error.
- Volunteers who participated in an eight-week course of meditation training exhibited increased levels of the ______ activity associated with positive emotions.
A. left hemisphere
B. right hemisphere
C. somatic nervous system
D. autonomic nervous system
- As her professor distributed the mathematics test to the class, Blair's heart started to pound and her palms began to sweat. These physiological reactions were activated by her ________ nervous system.
5 True/False questions
C → Ellie is unusually attractive and intelligent, and she works hard to please her husband. He displays little affection for her, however, and spends most of the family's resources on his own interests. Ellie's relationship with her husband is best characterized as
D → A loss of perceived control tends to result in
A. low blood pressure.
B. reduced immune responses.
C. problem-focused coping.
D. low blood sugar levels.
C → Men and women students watched film clips that were sad, happy, or frightening. Measures taken during their viewing of films showed that the genders differed the most in their
A. self-reported emotions.
B. changes in heart rate.
C. facial expressions of emotion.
D. changes in respiration.
D → According to Freud, the part of personality that represents our sense of right and wrong and our ideal standards is the
A. Oedipus complex.
D → A Harvard School of Public Health research team studied 1306 initially healthy men over a 10-year period. They found that ________ were more than twice as likely as ________ to develop heart disease.
A. introverts; extraverts
B. married men; single men
C. Type B personalities; Type A personalities
D. pessimists; optimists