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5 Written questions

3 Matching questions

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  1. a Volunteers who participated in an eight-week course of meditation training exhibited increased levels of the ______ activity associated with positive emotions.
    A. left hemisphere
    B. right hemisphere
    C. somatic nervous system
    D. autonomic nervous system
  2. b Research on nonverbal communication indicates thatL
    A. very young children's facial expressions of emotion are difficult to interpret.
    B. children learn the facial expressions associated with emotion by observing adults.
    C. blind children who have never observed others demonstrate normal facial expressions of emotion.
    D. boys are better than girls at recognizing nonverbal expressions of emotion.
  3. c Trait theorists are more concerned with ________ personality than with ________ it.
    A. predicting; assessing
    B. describing; explaining
    C. changing; analyzing
    D. interpreting; observing

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. As you are waiting to be interviewed for a job, your heart rate, body temperature, and breathing rate begin to increase. These physiological changes are produced by activation of the ________ nervous system.
    A. parasympathetic
    B. sympathetic
    C. somatic
    D. central
  2. A person who is careless and disorganized most clearly ranks low on the Big Five trait dimension of
    A. neuroticism.
    B. extraversion.
    C. openness.
    D. conscientiousness.
  3. The genes in muscle cells that are not activated by exercise produce lower quantities of proteins, which leaves us susceptible to
    A. type 2 diabetes.
    B. cardiovascular disease.
    C. cancer.
    D. all of these diseases.
  4. Lymphocytes are
    A. harmful agents such as chemicals and viruses that cross the placenta from mother to fetus.
    B. stress hormones produced by the sympathetic nervous system.
    C. cancer cells that form in the lymph glands.
    D. white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system.
  5. As her professor distributed the mathematics test to the class, Blair's heart started to pound and her palms began to sweat. These physiological reactions were activated by her ________ nervous system.
    A. sympathetic
    B. central
    C. somatic
    D. parasympathetic

5 True/False questions

  1. CCarl Rogers would have suggested that many of the defense mechanisms described by Freud are used to minimize the perceived discrepancy between
    A. manifest content and latent content.
    B. the collective unconscious and the personal unconscious.
    C. the actual self and the ideal self.
    D. an internal locus of control and an external locus of control.


  2. CAt a conscious level, Aaron doesn't think he's prejudiced. Yet he automatically feels uncomfortable in situations where he has to interact with people of different races from his own. Aaron's experience best illustrates the distinction between
    A. equity and self-disclosure.
    B. situational and dispositional attributions.
    C. explicit and implicit attitudes.
    D. normative and informational social influence.


  3. ASocial loafing is MOST likely to occur among
    A. audience members who are asked to applaud after a speaker is introduced.
    B. factory workers paid on the basis of individual level of productivity.
    C. a group of runners competing for first place in a race.
    D. students who are each assigned a different topic for their course term papers.


  4. BAttribution theory was designed to account for
    A. the process of revealing intimate aspects of ourselves to others.
    B. the impact of both heredity and environment on social behavior.
    C. the loss of self-awareness that occurs in group situations.
    D. how people explain others' behavior.


  5. CA loss of perceived control tends to result in
    A. low blood pressure.
    B. reduced immune responses.
    C. problem-focused coping.
    D. low blood sugar levels.


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