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5 Written questions

4 Matching questions

  1. C
  2. B
  3. D
  4. A
  1. a The foot-in-the-door phenomenon refers to the tendency to
    A. neglect critical thinking because of a strong desire for social harmony within a group.
    B. perform simple tasks more effectively in the presence of others.
    C. comply with a large request if one has previously complied with a small request.
    D. experience an increasing attraction to novel stimuli as they become more familiar.
  2. b Research on stressful life events indicates that
    A. those who live a relatively peaceful, monastic life actually suffer a higher-than-average rate of heart attacks.
    B. those who have been recently widowed, fired, or divorced are more vulnerable to disease.
    C. survivors of a natural disaster are immunized against stress and have fewer long-term health problems.
    D. all of these statements are true.
  3. c When 68-year-old Mrs. Blake had a flat tire on a fairly isolated highway, she received help from a passerby in less than 10 minutes. One year later, when she had a flat tire on a busy freeway, an hour elapsed before someone finally stopped to offer assistance. Mrs. Blake's experience best illustrates
    A. the fundamental attribution error.
    B. the mere exposure effect.
    C. group polarization.
    D. the bystander effect.
  4. d Social loafing is MOST likely to occur among
    A. audience members who are asked to applaud after a speaker is introduced.
    B. factory workers paid on the basis of individual level of productivity.
    C. a group of runners competing for first place in a race.
    D. students who are each assigned a different topic for their course term papers.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. After she received a free hand-painted Christmas ornament from a religious organization, Mrs. Montevecchi felt obligated to mail a cash donation to the organization. Her response to the free gift best illustrates the impact of the
    A. mere exposure effect.
    B. just-world phenomenon.
    C. fundamental attribution error.
    D. reciprocity norm.
  2. The concept of personality most clearly embodies the notion of
    A. moral integrity.
    B. self-consciousness.
    C. behavioral consistency.
    D. self-actualization.
  3. After receiving very bad news, people ________ the duration of their negative emotions.
    A. overestimate
    B. accurately estimate
    C. slightly underestimate
    D. radically underestimate
  4. The genes in muscle cells that are not activated by exercise produce lower quantities of proteins, which leaves us susceptible to
    A. type 2 diabetes.
    B. cardiovascular disease.
    C. cancer.
    D. all of these diseases.
  5. Most recent participants reported feeling more happy than sad after rubberbands secured to the sides of their faces were stretched over the tops of their heads. Their reactions best illustrated
    A. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
    B. the adaptation-level principle.
    C. the facial feedback effect.
    D. the spillover effect.

5 True/False questions

  1. CIn Milgram's obedience experiments, "teachers" were MOST likely to deliver high levels of shock when
    A. the experimenter was perceived to be an ordinary college student like themselves.
    B. the "learner" was placed in a different room from the "teacher."
    C. they saw that other "learners" disobeyed the experimenter.
    D. they saw how "learners" who disobeyed the experimenter were punished.

          

  2. CAfter she received a free hand-painted Christmas ornament from a religious organization, Mrs. Montevecchi felt obligated to mail a cash donation to the organization. Her response to the free gift best illustrates the impact of the
    A. mere exposure effect.
    B. just-world phenomenon.
    C. fundamental attribution error.
    D. reciprocity norm.

          

  3. DThe fundamental attribution error refers to our tendency to underestimate the impact of ________ and to overestimate the impact of ________ in explaining the behavior of others.
    A. normative influences; informational influences
    B. informational influences; normative influences
    C. personal dispositions; situational influences
    D. situational influences; personal dispositions

          

  4. BMost recent participants reported feeling more happy than sad after rubberbands secured to the sides of their faces were stretched over the tops of their heads. Their reactions best illustrated
    A. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
    B. the adaptation-level principle.
    C. the facial feedback effect.
    D. the spillover effect.

          

  5. AAccording to social exchange theory, altruistic behavior is guided by
    A. calculations of costs and benefits.
    B. feelings of social responsibility.
    C. reciprocity norms.
    D. family ties.