5 Written questions
4 Matching questions
- a Most recent participants reported feeling more happy than sad after rubberbands secured to the sides of their faces were stretched over the tops of their heads. Their reactions best illustrated
A. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
B. the adaptation-level principle.
C. the facial feedback effect.
D. the spillover effect.
- b The tendency to accept favorable descriptions of one's personality that could really be applied to almost anyone is known as
A. the Barnum effect.
C. the spotlight effect.
D. unconditional positive regard.
- c Comedy routines that are mildly amusing to people in an uncrowded room seem funnier in a densely packed room. This is best explained in terms of
A. the mere exposure effect.
B. social facilitation.
C. the bystander effect.
D. ingroup bias.
- d A person who is careless and disorganized most clearly ranks low on the Big Five trait dimension of
5 Multiple choice questions
- Men and women students watched film clips that were sad, happy, or frightening. Measures taken during their viewing of films showed that the genders differed the most in their
A. self-reported emotions.
B. changes in heart rate.
C. facial expressions of emotion.
D. changes in respiration.
- The concept of personality most clearly embodies the notion of
A. moral integrity.
C. behavioral consistency.
- A Harvard School of Public Health research team studied 1306 initially healthy men over a 10-year period. They found that ________ were more than twice as likely as ________ to develop heart disease.
A. introverts; extraverts
B. married men; single men
C. Type B personalities; Type A personalities
D. pessimists; optimists
- An eagerness to believe that victims of a natural disaster are being punished by God for their sins is best explained in terms of
B. ingroup bias.
C. the bystander effect.
D. the just-world phenomenon.
- Research on stressful life events indicates that
A. those who live a relatively peaceful, monastic life actually suffer a higher-than-average rate of heart attacks.
B. those who have been recently widowed, fired, or divorced are more vulnerable to disease.
C. survivors of a natural disaster are immunized against stress and have fewer long-term health problems.
D. all of these statements are true.
5 True/False questions
B → According to the two-factor theory, the two basic components of emotions are ________ and ________.
A. facial expressions; a cognitive label
B. emotion-arousing events; physical arousal
C. physical arousal; overt behavior
D. a cognitive label; physical arousal
C → Haley thinks Keith's silence indicates that he's angry, so she avoids talking to him. Unfortunately, Keith thinks Haley's quietness signifies that she's angry and wants to be left alone. This situation best illustrates
A. mirror-image perceptions.
B. the reciprocity norm.
C. superordinate goals.
D → A loss of perceived control tends to result in
A. low blood pressure.
B. reduced immune responses.
C. problem-focused coping.
D. low blood sugar levels.
B → It has been suggested that baring the teeth is universally associated with the expression of anger because this ability to convey threats has helped humans to survive. This suggestion best illustrates the
A. evolutionary perspective.
B. relative deprivation principle.
C. two-factor theory.
D. adaptation-level phenomenon.
B → According to Freud, the unconscious is
A. the part of personality that cannot process information.
B. the thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories, of which we are largely unaware.
C. a set of universal concepts acquired by all humans from our common past.
D. a reservoir of deeply repressed memories that does not affect behavior.