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BJU World History 4th Edition Chapter 14
Terms in this set (57)
Unlimited and Unrestrained
Assertion that God had established their authority giving them absolute authority. Belief that they were not bound to any man-made laws but were responsible to God alone for their actions.
A Dynasty of French Kings
Father of King Louis XIII of France. Helped lay foundation for absolutionism by strengthening royal power.
Was chief minister for King Louis XIII and ran throne because of King Louis XIII's youth. Also tried to strengthen the power of the French throne.
Thirty Years' War
Last religious war fought in Europe. Protestants vs. Catholics. Although Catholic Richelieu aided the protestants in fear of the Holy Roman Empire gaining too much power.
King of Sweden. Rescued Protestant cause and led effort against Holy Roman Empire in the Thirt Years War.
King of France, son of King Louis XIII. Also claimed got throne in his youth so his throne was ran by Cardinal Mazarin in his youth.
Cardinal who ran King Louis XIV's throne most of the Kings youth. Maintained absolutionist power. Ruled King Louis XIV's throne until he died.
Series of riots and rebellions against Mazarin. Louis XIV had to flee Paris for a time because of the danger. Last attempt to limit French power until the French Revolution.
Louis XIV's Financial and Military Policies
Wanted to increase exports and decrease imports. Wanted to unify military by giving them all identical uniforms instead of allowing them to wear the colors of the colonels.
Minister of finance to King Louis XIV. Proposed strong navy to protect exports and to export more than they import.
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes
The Edict of Nantes granted religous freedom in France. King Louis XIV revoked this in order to have religous uniformity.
Nickname King Louis XIV gave himself.
Louis XIV's Foreign Policy
Which foreign policy was to engage in many wars to increase his power and influence throughout Europe.
French palace built by King Louis XIV
King Louis XV
Son of Louis XIV became king at five years old. Regents kept France out of war and fixed the French Econemy but when he eventually took the throne he acted more like his father and threw France into chaos.
First important Prussian ruler. Known as the "Great Elector" He forged Prussia's territories and formed its unified state. Very interested in warfare and used military to force absolute power.
Successor of Fredrick William. He was more interested in the arts than in warfare. First ruler who acquired the title of "King in Prussia."
Fredrick William I
Successor to Fredrick I he was a violent military man who firmly believed in Prussian absolutionism.
Son of Fredrick I. Had no interest in the army. Loved to play music. Was considered a war hero and acclaimed the title of Fredrick the Great. He trippled the size of Prussia.
Ruling family of Prussia.
Ruling family of Austria
Emperor of Austria who sought to make Austria have absolutionsism. He started his reign with his mother Maria Theresa.
Also known as Ivan the terrible. Czar of Russia. Cruel and Oppressive.
Ruling Russian Family. Included Peter I and all other Czars after him until the Russian Revolution.
Peter I or Peter the Great
Russian ruler who set out to make Russia more like Europe. He was a doer who got Russia involved in trade and gave Russia a navy.
The Holy Synod
Board of directors for the Russian Orthodox church.
The Great Northern War
Russian war against Sweden where Peter I sought to acuire some warm weather ports. Russia eventually got what they wanted.
Later she was also called the Great. Successor to Peter I. Also wanted to control absolutionism in Russia.
English king who tried to keep up absolutioism. Founded a translation of the Bible and a town in Virginia.
Successor to James I. Intensified fight with Parliament Caused more persecution of Puritans causing many of them to leave.
Petition of Right
Document drew up by Parliament stating King did not have right to tax people without consent from Parliament.
People who supported Parliament in the rebellion against the king.
People who supported the king in the rebllion against the king.
Leader of the Roundheads who defeated Charles I at the battle of Naseby. Took the title Lord Protector and became the leader of England after Charles I was beheaded. He governed without Parliament until his death.
Written constitution that restrained the leader's power. Cromwell used this.
Son of Charles I succeeded Oliver Cromwell as leader in England after the restoration restored the Stuart monarchy.
The reestablishment of the Stuart monarchy having control of the throne in England after Oliver Cromwell.
Habeas Corpus Act
Act that made it illegal for the government to hold someone in prison without an official charge of a crime.
Brother of Charles II who became king because Charles II had no sons. He was a firm Roman Catholic but was tolerated among Parliament because he was old and only had two protestant daughters.
Also know as the "bloodless revolution" was when Parliament dethroned James II without taking up any arms.
William and Mary
First joint rulers of England. Were invited by Parliament to succeed James II.
Bill of Rights
Document written by Parliament which limited royal power, established certain civil liberties, and forbade future kings or queens from being Roman Catholic.
Act of Settlement
Law passed by Parliament granting them to grant the throne to whomever they wished instead of having the crown follow family line.
Government that started with King Charles II where the closest advisors to the king's office would be called in to help make decisions.
Balance of Power
Belief that nations had to ensure that no one nation became too powerful.
Alliance between the Netherlands and Englandto make sure Louis XIV of France did not unify France and Spain together.
Treaty of Utrecht
Treaty following the war of Spanish Succession allowing Philip to return to the Spanish throne as long as Spain and France remained seperate. Also forced Spain to forfeit a lot of land to the Netherlands and forced France to forfeit a lot of Canadian territories to Britain.
Document drawn up by Charles VI of Austria ensuring that no other country should take advantage of Austria when he left his daughter Maria Theresa with the throne.
Daughter of Charles XVI who was the queen of Austria.
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
Temporarily ended the fighting in the war for Austrian Succession. Restored things as they were before the war.
Status quo ante bellum
Means How things were before the war.
Radical change in alliances when France decided to aid Austria from Prussia.
Seven Years War
Also known as the French and Indian War was a war fought between Britain and France as well as between France and Prussia that was fought in North America, Asia, and Europe.
Treaty of Paris
Treaty that ended the Seven Years War giving Britain all of France's land in America, Canada, and India and all of Spain's land in Flordia. This made Britain officially the strongest super power in the world.
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