A large arc of rich, or fertile, farmland that included the region of Mesopotamia, between Asia Minor and the Persian Gulf and extends to the Mediterranean Sea.
A mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks that were brought by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and made the land ideal for farming.
Region in which the early village developed into the world's first civilization because of the the plentiful food and population growth.
Because of the little rain received, water levels of the 2 rivers depended on how much rain fell in eastern Asia Minor, where the 2 rivers began; if there was much rain, then the water levels got very high and flooded crops, killed livestock and washed away homes.
A way of supplying water to an area of land by digging out large storage bsins to hold water supplies.
Human-made waterways which were used to connect the storage basins to a network of ditches which brought the water to the fields.
An amount that is more than is needed. In farming, the irrigation system helped grow more food, so much so there was extra.
Division of Labor
The type of arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or job.
Since irrigation made farmers more productive, fewer people needed to farm, so many were free to pursue other jobs such as craftsmen, religious leaders and government workers.