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world history chapter 3 L1&2

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Mesopotamia
Means "between the rivers" in Greek
Tigris and Euphrates rivers
The most important physical features of Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
Region in Southwest Asia which lay between 2 rivers and was well suited for farming.
Fertile Crescent
A large arc of rich, or fertile, farmland that included the region of Mesopotamia, between Asia Minor and the Persian Gulf and extends to the Mediterranean Sea.
Silt
A mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks that were brought by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and made the land ideal for farming.
Mesopotamia
Region in which the early village developed into the world's first civilization because of the the plentiful food and population growth.
Mesopotamia Farming
Because of the little rain received, water levels of the 2 rivers depended on how much rain fell in eastern Asia Minor, where the 2 rivers began; if there was much rain, then the water levels got very high and flooded crops, killed livestock and washed away homes.
Irrigation
A way of supplying water to an area of land by digging out large storage bsins to hold water supplies.
Canals
Human-made waterways which were used to connect the storage basins to a network of ditches which brought the water to the fields.
Dikes
Earthen walls along rivers or shorelines to hold back water and were used in canals.
Surplus
An amount that is more than is needed. In farming, the irrigation system helped grow more food, so much so there was extra.
Irrigation
Watering system that the Mesopotamians used to water grazing areas for cattle and sheep.
Division of Labor
The type of arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or job.
Mesopotomian Occupations
Since irrigation made farmers more productive, fewer people needed to farm, so many were free to pursue other jobs such as craftsmen, religious leaders and government workers.
Mesopotamian Cities
People mainly worked on farms, but the cities were where people traded goods and they were the political, religious, cultural and economic centers of civilization between 4000 and 3000 BC.