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PSSA Reading Vocabulary - Grade 4 Starr1
Terms in this set (64)
a group of neighboring words that begin with the same sound
identifying the parts of a whole and examining the relationships/connections among ideas and details
one word that is the opposite of another word
the author's reason for writing
the story of a person's life written by another person
an action or event that leads to an effect
to tell how two or more things are alike
a struggle between characters, forces, or emotions (a problem)
content specific words
vocabulary words that are important to a particular subject area
word or words from the text that helps the reader figure out the meaning of an unfamiliar word
to tell how two or more things are different
conversation between people in a story
this happens as a result of an action, event, or cause
a story that is not true; it is created in the author's imagination
language that cannot be taken literally because it was written to create a special feeling
a type or category of literature
visual aids within a text: charts, map, graphs, timeline
a word or phrase in bold print that show the text's topic or theme
a conclusion based on facts, reasoning and "reading between the lines" rather than a direct statement
a nonfiction text, written to share factual information
includes literary elements normally found in fiction, but it tells about real people, places, or events
tools used by the author to make the story interesting i.e. figurative language
the author's most important point, usually found in the topic sentence
multiple meaning words
words that can have several meanings, depending on how they are used in a sentence
type of text that tells a story (may be fiction or nonfiction)
factual writing that explains, informs, or describes (rather than entertains)
to restate something you read or hear by putting it in your own words
giving human qualities, feelings, or actions to something that is not human
a story's sequence of events, usually includes a problem
a group of letters placed at the beginning of a word to change its meaning
a story's time and place
comparing two unlike things by using the words "like" or "as"
how an author writes, using language to interest the reader in his or her purpose
a group of letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning
to retell the most important parts of a text in a much shorter space, and in your own words
one word that has the same meaning as another word
a major idea that is the topic of discussion or writing
third-person point of view
events of the story told outside of the character, a narrator shares the events using character names and pronouns he/she
Print features that add information to an informational text. Helps a reader easily find information .
( bold print, italics, maps, charts, labels, headings).
An idea that explains more about a main idea.
shades of meaning
The small, subtle differences in meaning between similar words or phrases
To provide a brief retelling of key events in the order of occurrence
narrator speaking directly about himself or herself: Uses pronouns I and me
A group of words that is not a complete sentence because it lacks a subject or predicate
information in a text that strongly supports the describes the topic, theme, or main idea
An important occurrence within a text.
A word choice that strongly supports the tone, mood, or meaning of the text.
taking words in their usual and basic meaning, nonfigurative meaning.
A story that tries to explain the origin of the world . passed on from one generation to the next and usually contain gods, or supernatural beings,
A type of text structure in which a difficulty is identified and possible solutions are given
A saying that reflects wisdom and has practical application to everyday life (e.g., Two wrongs don't make a right).
Two or more complete sentences without correct punctuation or conjunctions.
The important parts of a story: character, setting, plot
how information within a text is organized (
1. The process or result of identifying the parts of a whole and their relationships
to one another.
An exaggeration or overstatement (e.g., I had to wait forever).
An expression that icannot be understood
from the basic meaning of its words
An object or abstract idea given human qualities or human form
The voice used by an author to tell or narrate a story or poem.
An instance that serves as an illustration of a point, principle, or model.
To make understandable, plain, or clear.
Clearly expressed or fully stated in the text
To bring together or to combine information so as to produce a larger unit or
To give reasons through an explanation to show the meaning or understanding of a text.
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