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Chapter 4: First Age of Empires

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hyksos
Asiatic invaders ruled Egypt
New Kingdom
the pharaohs sought to strenghten Egypt by building an empire
Hatshepsut
declared herself pharaoh
Thutmose III
Hatshepsut's stepson, warlike ruler, invaded Palestine, Nubia, and Syria. he was an agressive leader
Nubia
a region of Africa that straddles the Upper Nile River
Ramses II
a pharaoh that made a treaty with a Hattie king that promised peace and brotherhood forever
Kush
Nubian kingdom
Piankhi
Kushite king that overthrew the Libyan dynasty, united entire Nile Valley from the delta in the north to Napata in the South
Meroe
center of the Kush dynasty. known for its manufacture of iron weapons and tools
Assyria
acquired a large empire
Sennacherib
one of the Assyrian kings, he bragged that he had destroyed cities and villages, he burned Babylon and ordered most of its inhabitatnts killed.
Nineveh
king Sennacherib established this Assyrian captial along the Tigris River
Ashurbanipal
this king collected mre than 20,000 clay tablets from throughout the Fertile Crescent
Medes
they wre an army combined with Chaldeans and other adn burned and leveled Nineveh
Chaldeans
helped medes burn and level Nineveh
Nebuchadnezzar
a Chaldean king that restored the city
Cryus
created a great Persian empire. Persian's king who began to conquer several neighboring kingdoms
Cambyses
Cyrus' son and he expanded the Persian Empire by conquering Egypt, he was unlike his father
Darius
Cambyses' succesor, he ws a noble of the ruling dynasty and had begun his carrer as a member of the kings bodyguard, it expands into modern day India
Satrap
was the name of the local governors that ruled locally
Royal Road
ran from Susa in Persia to Sardis in Anatolia, a distance of 1,677 miles
Zoroaster
a Persian prophet who taught that people had to choose good and evil, he was a BIG INFLUENCE
Confucius
China's most influential scholar, lived during the fall of the Zhou dynasty
filial piety
respect for paretns and ancestors
bureaucracy
a trained civil service, or those who run the government
Daoism
a philosophy based on the ideas of the Chinese thinker Laozi who taught that people should be guided by a universal force called the Dao (way)
Legalism
political philosophy based on the idea that a highly efficient and powerful government is the key to social order
I Ching
a book of oracles that helped solve ethical or practical problems
yin and yang
2 powers that together represent the natural rhythms of life
Qin dynasty
in the 3rd century b.c. they replaced the Zhou dynasty
Shi Huangdi
in 221 b.c. after ruling for 20 years, the Qin ruled assumed this name which means "First Emperor"
Autocracy
a government that has unlimited power and uses it an arbitrary manner