Music 15B Midterm
Terms in this set (78)
two or more melodies being played at the same time
a melody accompanied by harmony
a single melody by itself with no harmonic accompaniment
what are characteristics of "AABA form"?
It is the basis of many popular songs from the 1920s through the 1950s.
It has a bridge (the B section) that provides contrast to the other sections.
It is often 32 bars long.
what is "beat"?
the regular pulse heard in most music
what are characteristics of the "blues form"?
forms the basis of many American songs from many different genres
based on a 12 measure cycle
based on a particular harmonic scheme
Which scale is often played with "bent" notes?
Which type of ensemble is best suited to improvisation?
What is the musical term that is used to describe the sound created when two or more notes are played at the same time?
What is the word that jazz musicians use to describe the act of making things up in the moment?
During a typical jazz performance, which of the following often occurs after the original melody has been played?
Soloists take turns improvising new melodies over the cycle of choruses.
What does a "mute" do?
changes the timbre of a brass instrument
Which of the following instruments can ALL be found in a rhythm section
bass, drums, piano, guitar
"Soprano", "alto", "tenor", and "baritone" are common types of
Which of the following best describes the musical term "syncopation"
rhythms that diverge from or contradict the beat
Which of the following best describes the musical term "timbre"?
the unique tone or color of an instrument's sound
"Verse/Chorus", "blues", and "AABA" are all different types of...
Which of the following best describes the musical term "measure"?
a collection of beats
Which of the following musical terms refers to the timing of the notes?
was the intellectual force behind Bebop
he was Bebop's inspiration and was a magnet that modern New York jazz musicians gathered around
helped create Afro-Cuban jazz, a fusion of jazz with Afro-Cuban rhythms
"one of the most gifted instrumentalists in musical history" (from the textbook)
his nickname was "Bird"
virtuoso trumpet player
virtuoso alto sax player
had a long and successful career
notorious heroine addict who died at the age of 34
actively taught other musicians how to play the new music
was predominantly music for dancing
rhythm sections were highly interactive with the soloists
predominantly improvised mu
played in small groups called combos
very successful as popular music
played mostly in large groups
less opportunity for improvised solos
is the foundation for modern jazz
not very successful as popular music
played mostly by black musicians
used complex melodies and harmonies
emphasis on subtlety and introspection; emotionally reserved
extroverted, emotionally charged, soulful
included many talented white musicians, many who lived in Los Angeles, California, on the west coast.
first style of jazz to take advantage of the newly introduced LP (long play) records by recording longer improvised solos.
emphasized the roots of jazz---blues and gospel
used space, or silences, in improvised solos
horns played in the middle register of their instruments
drums, hard bop
tenor sax, bebop
baritone sax, cool jazz
alto sax, Bebop
When was Bebop developed?
In what year were the first Birth of the Cool recordings recorded?
Which of the following musicians was a member of the Dave Brubeck quartet, the most popular jazz group of the 1950's?
Who organized the 9-piece band (nonet) that played on the Birth of the Cool recording sessions?
Which of the following musicians was a brilliant composer who had an apartment near 52nd street in New York (the hot spot for jazz in the 1940's and 1950's) where modern jazz musicians gathered regularly and formed the musical concepts that eventually became Cool Jazz?
Around what year did the Hard Bop style (or school) develop?
Which of the following musicians were the primary leaders of the Hard Bop school of jazz? (Choose 2)
Art Blakey, Horace Silver
What was the significance of Minton's Playhouse?
It was one of the main places where Bebop was developed in jam sessions.
Which of the following was a major promoter of jazz and organized popular concerts that were billed as "Jazz at the Philharmonic" in the 1940's and 1950's?
During which decade did jazz split into different "schools"?
Which of the following musicians were a part of the West Coast Jazz scene? (Choose 2)
Gerry Mulligan, Chet Baker
Miles Davis' playing was far more aggressive and exciting than Dizzy Gillespie's playing.