Terms in this set (20)
According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, the last need humans pursue is the need for:
motivation that is the desire to direct one's behavior toward demonstrating competence and exercising control in a situation.
Who organized human needs into a hierarchy ranging from physiological needs to the need for self-actualization?
What are the two ways in which a person seeks to satisfy the need for autonomy, competence, and relatedness according to self-determination theory?
through intrinsic and extrinsic motivation
According to the psychologist named _____, there is a pyramid of human needs, such that the most basic physiological needs must be satisfied before higher-level needs become active.
this motivation consists of external influences on behavior, such as rewards, money, social evaluations, rules, and responsibilities.
Which statement is true about Maslow's needs hierarchy?
A) It was based on empirical, validated research conducted by Maslow.
B) It was based on large samples with high reliability.
C) The idea of satisfying a need at one level before moving to the next has been proven in studies.
D) The idea of having to satisfy a need at one level before moving to the next has NOT stood up in studies.
The key difference between autonomy in Deci and Ryan's model and autonomy in Maslow's model is that Maslow stressed the need to feel:
independent and focused on one's own potential.
According to Abraham Maslow, people are motivated by
a hierarchy of needs.
The motivational "push" to excel beyond others is MOST likely the result of _____ motivation.
_____ developed a model of human motivation that proposed that people are motivated to satisfy physiological needs first and then move on to "higher" psychological needs.
An assessment used to study a person's need for achievement that consists of various pictures for which the participant makes up stories is:
the Thematic Apperception Test
Abraham Maslow suggested that individuals who are open, spontaneous, and not paralyzed by the opinions of others display
A person who chooses a job that is boring but pays well demonstrates
Which is NOT a major criticism of Maslow's hierarchy of needs?
A) It is based on limited samples.
B) It is vague.
C) Most people do not achieve self-actualization.
D) It encourages a focus on psychological needs as motivators.
Dr. Reldon is the head of the university's mathematics department. Dr. Reldon scores high on tests of achievement motivation. Which characteristic does Dr. Reldon display?
He likes to work independently
When Jeff works hardest to achieve a goal, it is most likely that he is:
People work MOST hard to achieve a goal when they are
Maslow includes "realism and acceptance" as one of his characteristics of self-actualized people. This characteristic can be described as having:
an accurate perception of oneself.
Maurice has plenty of food and lives in a nice house. Now he feels he needs to find a soul-mate, or even a close friend or two, with whom he can share his life. According to Maslow, what is motivating Maurice?
belongingness and love needs