4th Nine Weeks Vocabulary
Terms in this set (20)
the path by which energy passes from one living thing to another
The network of all interrelated food chains in a biological community. The energy flow is represented with arrows.
an organism that can make its own food. They are the bottom of the energy pyramid
an organism that cannot make its own food. They receive their energy from hunting, gathering, and storing food
animals that eat other animals.
animals that eat producers.
animals that eat plants and animals
microorganisms that are able to break down large molecules into smaller parts. They return the nutrients that are in a living thing into the soil.
an animal that feeds on dead or decaying animals.
Herbivores/consumers that eat producers. They are the second layer of the energy pyramid
Consumers that eat the primary consumers, making them the third layer of the energy pyramid.
Consumers that eat the secondary consumers.
Consumers that eat the tertiary consumers.
the position an organism holds in the food chain. Examples: Primary producer, primary consumer, secondary consumer, tertiary consumer, quaternary consumer.
an image that shows the amount of energy that moves from one trophic level to another in a food chain.
an animal that captures and eats other animals
the animal that is captured or eaten
Any close relationship between species
A symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and the other is harmed.
Symbiotic relationship where both organism benefit