Japan & the Middle Ages Vocabulary

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Golden Age
when a culture is stable and has time to focus on art and aesthetics
Zen Buddhism
a type of Japanese Buddhism, focus is on self-discipline and meditation
court
a group of nobles who live near and serve the ruler as advisers and servants
regent
a person who rules a country for someone who is unable to rule alone
figurehead
a person who appears to rule even though the power lies with someone else
shogun
a general who ruled Japan in the Emperor's name
daimyo
land owners who own LOTS of land for peasants to work on
samurai
trained professional warriors in Japan
Bushido
samurai code of rules and conduct (how to live and "be" a samurai)
peasants
lower class, mostly farmers
chivalry
ideas that knights should be brave, loyal, honest, fair, and kind to women
oath of loyalty
promise to always be loyal to the lord or person of higher rank
manor
place where feudal people lived on the land, protected the land, and farmed on the land
feudalism
social system based on promises between lords, knights, and peasants
social mobility
the movement of people between different social classes
rigid class structure
class system where there is NO mobility upwards...EVER!
Crusades
Holy wars between the Christians and Muslims over Jerusalem
Bubonic Plague
infectious disease that killed much of Europe in the Dark Ages
Dark Ages
time period (about 500AD-1500AD) where there was death, destruction, disease, and dumb people
scriptorium
place in a monastery where monks copied the Bible and created illuminated letters
monk
Christian man who lives in a monastery
monastery
place where monks lived, studied, and prayed, a place of learning and light
King
has all the land and rules over his kingdom
Lord/Noble
Has land from the King and lets others live on it/farm it
Knight
Protects others in the feudal system
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