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World war 2 test
Terms in this set (61)
A major cause of the growth of state and Federal highway systems after World War II was the
rapid development of suburbs
During World War II, women and minorities made economic gains mainly because
a shortage of traditional labor created new opportunities in the workplace
A major cause of the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II was
In the early 1940's, the "destroyers-for-military-bases deal" with Great Britain and the Lend-Lease Act were evidence that the United States
recognized that its policy of neutrality conflicted with its self-interest
A violation of civil rights that occurred in the United States during World War II was the
internment of Japanese Americans
The Lend-Lease Act and the Destroyers-for-Bases deal were adopted prior to World War II primarily because these actions would
help Allied nations without the United States entering the war
Which statement about Japanese Americans interned during World War II is most accurate?
Many lost their homes and businesses
President Harry Truman's decision to use atomic bombs against Japan was primarily based on his belief that
an invasion of Japan would result in excessive casualties
Which action best illustrates the policy of isolationism followed by the United States before it entered World War II?
passage of neutrality legislation forbidding arms sales to warring nations
President Harry Truman justified using atomic bombs on Japan in 1945 on the grounds that the
early ending of the war would save many lives
Which precedent was established by the Nuremberg war crimes trials?
National leaders can be held responsible for crimes against humanity .
In 1988, Congress voted to pay $20,000 to each of the surviving Americans of Japanese descent who were interned during World War II because
many Americans believed the internment was unjust and unnecessary
"The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is, in extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as possible."
This quotation supports a foreign policy of
In the 1930's, the United States attempted to avoid a repetition of the events leading up to United States involvement in World War I by
passing a series of neutrality laws
How did the personal diplomacy conducted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during World War II affect the Presidency?
The President's role in shaping United States foreign policy was strengthened.
As World War II was ending, the United States decided to join the United Nations mainly because the United States
recognized that efforts to achieve world peace required United States involvement
The United States became involved in World War II primarily because
Germany and Japan achieved important military successes in Europe and Asia
Speaker A:"We must take action even if we are not sure it will work. To do nothing to stop them would be a repeat of the Munich mistake."
Speaker B:"We must recognize the increasing interdependence of nations and join the United Nations."
Speaker C:"Stopping the spread of communism can and must take several forms. We must be willing to do whatever is necessary."
Speaker D:"Involvement in European affairs would be a mistake. We should not jeopardize our peace and prosperity over issues that Europe's ambitions and rivalries control."
The "Munich mistake" mentioned by speaker A refers to a policy of
After World War II, the United States was better able than its allies to adjust its economy from wartime to peacetime because the United States
had suffered no widespread wartime destruction
An immediate effect of the Lend-Lease program was that
the United States provided critical aid to Great Britain and the Soviet Union
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 is an illustration of the
impact a single event can have on public opinion a time of crisis
Which congressional action not only raised money for World War II but also contributed to the national debt?
selling war bonds
The rulings of the Supreme Court inDred Scott v. Sanford (1857), Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), and Korematsu v. United States (1944) all demonstrate that the Supreme Court has
sometimes failed to protect the rights of minorities
Based on a study of the trial of Sacco and Vanzetti (1920's) and the internment of Japanese Americans (1940's), which conclusion is most accurate?
Nativism and racism sometimes override the ideals of constitutional democracy
What was a key challenge faced by the United States during World War II?
fighting the war on several fronts
How did the post-World War II baby boom affect American society between 1945 and 1960?
It increased the need for educational resources.
World War I and World War II brought about changes for minorities and women because these conflicts led to
the creation of new job opportunities
The United States Supreme Court decision in Korematsu v. United States (1944) concerned
limiting civil liberties during wartime
Which statement identifies a change in American society during World War II?
Economic opportunities for women increased
After World War II, the Marshall Plan was proposed as a way to
help European nations recover economically
President Harry Truman supported a containment policy after World War II in an attempt to
reduce the influence of the Soviet Union in European countries
"Korematsu was not excluded from the military
area because of hostility to him or his
race. He was excluded because we are at war
with the Japanese Empire, because the . . .
authorities feared an invasion of our West
Coast and felt constrained to take proper
—Justice Hugo Black
Korematsu v. United States, 1944
Which generalization is supported by this quotation?
Individual rights can be restricted under certain circumstances.
In the period following World War II, the United States established a long-term military presence in West Germany in an effort to
stop communist expansion in Europe
Prior to United States entry into World War II, Congress passed the Cash-and-Carry Act of 1939 and the Lend-Lease Act of 1941. These foreign policy actions showed that the United States
became increasingly drawn into the war in Europe
". . . it is known that there are Japanese residents of California who have sought to
aid the Japanese enemy by way of communicating information . . ."
— Culbert Olson, Governor of California, February 1942
This statement helped influence President Franklin D. Roosevelt to
restrict the civil liberties of Japanese Americans
The war crimes trials of German and Japanese military officials following World War II established that
individuals can be held responsible for wartime atrocities against civilians
• Cash and Carry (1937)
• Destroyers for Naval Bases Deal (1940)
• Lend-Lease Act (1941)
Which change in United States foreign policy is demonstrated by the passage of these acts prior to World War II?
a shift from neutrality toward more direct involvement
During World War II, many women experienced a change in role in that they
worked in jobs formerly held by men
Between 1934 and 1937, Congress passed a series of neutrality acts that were designed primarily to
avoid mistakes that had led to American involvement in World War I
During World War II, posters of Rosie the Riveter were used to
recruit women into wartime industries
What was one result of World War II?
Two superpowers emerged.
Convictions of war criminals by courts at Tokyo and Nuremberg following World War II showed that
government officials and military leaders could be held accountable for their actions
Which federal policy was enacted during World War II and justified as a wartime necessity?
internment of Japanese Americans
In 1944, Congress enacted the GI Bill of Rights in order to
provide economic aid to veterans
During World War II, the federal government used rationing to
provide more resources for the military
During World War II, many Japanese Americans living on the West Coast were relocated to detention centers primarily because they
were seen as a security threat
To help pay for World War II, the United States government relied heavily on the
sale of war bonds
Speaker B: "My family will have to get along without sugar and flour this week."
Which situation is Speaker B describing?
food rationing to support a war effort
The Neutrality Acts passed by Congress in the mid-1930s were efforts to
avoid mistakes that led the country into World War I
Why was the United States called the "arsenal of democracy" in 1940?
The United States provided much of the weaponry needed to fight the Axis powers.
Shortly after entering World War II, the United States began the Manhattan Project to
work on the development of an atomic bomb
The experiences of African Americans serving in the military forces during World War II influenced their postwar decision to
increase efforts to end racial discrimination
A controversial issue that resulted from World War II was the
morality of nuclear warfare
At the beginning of World War II, national debate focused on whether the United States should continue the policy of
"The Parties to this Treaty reaffirm their faith in
the purposes and principles of the Charter of the
United Nations and their desire to live in peace
with all peoples and all governments.
"They are determined to safeguard the freedom,
common heritage and civilization of their
peoples, founded on the principles of democracy,
individual liberty and the rule of law. . . ."
— Preamble to the North Atlantic Treaty, 1949
This statement shows the commitment of the United States to the principle of
One reason the Nuremberg trials following World War II were held was to
make German leaders accountable for the Holocaust
"Arms Sales to Warring Nations Banned" "Americans Forbidden to Travel on Ships of Warring Nations" "Loans to Nations at War Forbidden" "War Materials Sold Only on Cash-and-Carry Basis" These headlines from the 1930s reflect the efforts of the United States to
avoid participation in European wars
A main purpose of government-ordered rationing during World War II was to
conserve raw materials for the war effort
Shortly after this executive order was signed, federal government authorities began to
move Japanese Americans to internment camps
Which series of events leading to World War II is in the correct chronological order?
Neutrality Acts → Lend-Lease Act → Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor → United States declaration of war on Japan
Explanation: The Japanese surprise attack on US Naval forces at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7th, 1941 spurred the United States to immediately enter into the war against Japan with a formal US declaration coming at FDR's request the next day.